The Access to Information Policy framework includes important documents, processes and guidance approved by the IDB in order to carry out its respective implementation activities.
The External Review Panel is a three-member independent body. Its principal function is to act as a second-stage review for requests from parties outside the Bank, in cases where the AIC has upheld the Bank’s decisions to deny access to the information sought by such parties.
Catalina Botero Marino is lawyer, member of the external transparency panel of the Inter-American Development Bank, director of the UNESCO Chair on Freedom of Expression at the Universidad de Los Andes, co-chair of the Oversight Board of Meta, commissioner of the International Commission of Jurists, expert of Global Freedom of Expression from Columbia University and vice-chair of the Advisory Board of the International Bar Association’s Human Rights Institute. She is an adjunct professor at American University’s Human Rights Academy. She was Special Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights of the OAS, Dean of the Faculty of Law of the Universidad de Los Andes, and an Associate Judge of the Constitutional Court and of the Council of State in Colombia.
Roberto P. Saba is a lawyer, graduated from the University of Buenos Aires, and holds a Master (LLM) and Doctor of Laws (JSD) degree from Yale University.
He is Professor of Constitutional Law and Human Rights at the Law Schools of the Universities of Buenos Aires and Palermo (Argentina) and Director of the Center for Graduate Studies of the latter. He is a member of the external transparency panel of the Inter-American Development Bank. He is also a member of the Board of Trustees of the Charles Kettering Foundation (United States) and Permanent Member of the Assembly of Dejusticia (Colombia). He was Dean of the Law School at University of Palermo, and Executive Director of the Fundación Poder Ciudadano (Argentine Chapter of Transparency International) and of the Asociación por los Derechos Civiles de Argentina, of which he was co-founder. He was a member of the Board of Women's Link Worldwide (Colombia-Spain).
He has been an expert witness before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights in cases on due process, freedom of expression and equality before the law. His publications focus on issues of democracy, constitutionalism, judicial review, civil rights, social rights, freedom of expression, transparency and freedom of information.
Jacqueline Peschard is a Mexican sociologist who specializes in electoral integrity and democracy studies. She is currently a member of External Review Panel of the Access to Information Policy for the Inter-American Development Bank and Independent Member of the Transparency Council of UNAM. She was President Commissioner of the Federal Institute for Access to Public Information from 2009 until 2013. She also served as Counselor to the Instituto Nacional Electoral from 1997 to 2003. In 2010, she was elected president of the Iberoamerican Network of Data Protection (RIPD), which is a forum for promoting the universal right to data protection across Latin America. She currently teaches at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México in Mexico City.
The External Review Panel is an independent body governed by a set of documents, such as its Terms of Reference highlighted here.
The Access to Information External Review Panel is composed of three members, who are nominated by the President of the Bank and approved by the Board of Executive Directors. Panel members are appointed by the Board of Executive Directors for a three-year renewable term, to a maximum of six years.