Skip to main content

New Technologies to Improve Equity and Efficiency in Teacher Assignment in Peru

Having an effective teacher can dramatically improve students' educational and long-term outcomes (Araujo et al., 2016; Chetty et al., 2014; Hanushek and Rivkin, 2012). Recent experimental evidence in Ecuador shows that the impact of effective teachers is significantly larger for disadvantaged students (e.g. Cerrando Brechas, 2018). However, teacher allocation in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) is unequal. Empirical evidence shows that high-performing teachers tend to be assigned to more advantaged students (Bertoni et al., 2020).

In several LAC countries, the assignment of teachers to schools is also inefficient and not transparent. Teacher assignment systems often do not provide teachers with enough information on the available vacancies to allow them to make informed decisions. Teachers are more likely to be dissatisfied with their assigned school if they do not have enough information about their options, which can impact their effectiveness in the classroom (Jackson, 2012). Moreover, lack of information about vacancies also creates imbalances in supply and demand for teaching staff. For example, in Peru, more than one quarter of vacancies remain unfilled after the teacher selection process. Most of these vacancies are in disadvantaged schools.

To address these issues and improve equity, transparency, and efficiency in teacher allocation, some school systems around the world have adopted on-line centralized allocation systems (Elacqua et al., 2016). These centralized systems provide a unique opportunity to use new technologies such as Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) to improve the allocation process and its outcomes (Agrawal et al., 2018). Moreover, AI can be paired with behavioral insights to improve the outcomes of the allocation systems. Recent experimental evidence in Peru and Ecuador also suggests that behavioral strategies can be effective at attracting teachers to hard-to-staff and vulnerable schools (Ajzenman et al., 2020).

The general objective of this project is to strengthen the centralized teacher allocation system in Peru. This TC will finance: (i) assessments and improvements in the mechanisms for teacher assignment, (ii) improvements in the front-end technology used to assign teachers including a) further exploration of behavioral strategies to motivate teachers to work in more disadvantaged schools, b) introduction of changes in the teacher assignment platform to enhance user experience to increase transparency and efficiency in teacher assignment, and c) introduction of new technologies, such as artificial intelligence and machine learning, to improve equity and efficiency in the allocation process and increase teacher satisfaction with their final allocation.

Project Detail



Project Number


Approval Date

September 1, 2021

Project Status


Project Type

Technical Cooperation





Lending Instrument


Lending Instrument Code




Facility Type


Environmental Classification

Likely to cause minimal or no negative environmental and associated social impacts

Total Cost

USD 556,000.00

Country Counterpart Financing

USD 56,000.00

Original Amount Approved

USD 500,000.00

Financial Information
Operation Number Lending Type Reporting Currency Reporting Date Signed Date Fund Financial Instrument
ATN/JF-18796-PE Sovereign Guaranteed USD - United States Dollar Japan Special Fund Nonreimbursable
Operation Number ATN/JF-18796-PE
  • Lending Type: Sovereign Guaranteed
  • Reporting Currency: USD - United States Dollar
  • Reporting Date:
  • Signed Date:
  • Fund: Japan Special Fund
  • Financial Instrument: Nonreimbursable

Can’t find a document? Request information

Implementation Phase
TC Document
Procurement Plan_55483.pdf
Dec. 01, 2022
TC Document
TC Document - Disclosure_80938.pdf
Dec. 01, 2022
TC Document
Results Matrix_36216.pdf
Dec. 01, 2022
TC Document
Terms of Reference_6153.pdf
Dec. 01, 2022
TC Document
Request from the Client_82311.pdf
Dec. 01, 2022

Have an Environmental or Social issue related to IDB projects? File a Complaint

Jump back to top