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Emergency Program: Estado de Chiapas
EN

Project Detail

Country

Mexico

Project Number

TC9809411

Approval Date

October 2, 1998

Project Status

Closed

Project Type

Technical Cooperation

Sector

ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL DISASTERS

Subsector

INTEGRATED DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT

Lending Instrument

-

Lending Instrument Code

-

Modality

-

Facility Type

-

Environmental Classification

-

Total Cost

USD 50,000.00

Country Counterpart Financing

USD 0.00

Original Amount Approved

USD 50,000.00

Financial Information
Operation Number Lending Type Reporting Currency Reporting Date Signed Date Fund Financial Instrument
ATN/SF-6173-ME Sovereign Guaranteed USD - United States Dollar Fund for Special Operations Nonreimbursable
Operation Number ATN/SF-6173-ME
  • Lending Type: Sovereign Guaranteed
  • Reporting Currency: USD - United States Dollar
  • Reporting Date:
  • Signed Date:
  • Fund: Fund for Special Operations
  • Financial Instrument: Nonreimbursable
Publications
Published 2022
Alcohol, Drug Use, and Road Traffic Injuries: A Multi-site Collaborative Study of Emergency Departments in the Dominican Republic and Peru
The objectives of this study are to report demographic and substanceuse characteristics and risk of road traffic injury from alcohol use, cannabis use, and combined use in a sample of emergency department patients from two countries in Latin America and the Caribbean: the Dominican Republic and Peru.
Publications
Published 2024
The Potential for Ride-hailing Integration with Mass Transit Systems: A choice Experiment in Latin America
As transportation alternatives facilitated by TNCs (Transportation Network Companies) have gained popularity around the world, research has increasingly focused on understanding their impacts on urban mobility, with several studies examining whether they are competing with public transit trips, increasing vehicle kilometers, or contributing to congestion. Recent policy discussions have turned to whether these services could also have positive benefits, such as complementing mass transit services as a first- and last-mile solution. Most research to date has focused on industrialized countries, with little work focusing on Global South cities. Seeking to fill significant evidence gaps on the impacts of ride-hailing on travel behavior, this paper builds on a stated preference survey in three large metropolitan areas in Latin America (Bogota, Medellin, and Mexico City) to evaluate the potential of introducing an integrated scheme of ride-hailing and mass transit. The scenario of the integrated scheme places ride-hailing as a filler of the first- and last-mile gap left by mass transit. We use discrete choice models and simulations to assess the potential for modal shifts under different pricing scenarios. Results suggest limited feasibility (or modal shifts) of an integrated system of ride-hailing with mass transit under the scenarios considered. Even with significant discounts on the integrated fare, for two of the three cases, the additional ridership would remain comparatively low. Nevertheless, this opens the door for considering other app-based mobility options operating under a sharing perspective and that can reduce operative costs in an integrated scheme.
Publications
Published 2021
Domestic Violence Reporting during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Evidence from Latin America
This article examines changes in the frequency and characteristics of domestic violence reports after the start of the pandemic and the imposition of mobility restrictions in six Latin American countries. The study uses three types of data sources: calls to domestic violence hotlines (for the City of Buenos Aires in Argentina, Colombia, and Peru); calls to emergency lines (for Ecuador, Lima in Peru, and Costa Rica); and police/legal complaints (for Colombia, Ecuador, and Uruguay). Data through June 2020 shows that the pandemic's impact on domestic violence reports varied significantly across countries, periods, types of violence, and reporting channels. Calls to domestic violence hotlines soared, but calls to emergency lines and police complaints fell (especially in the first weeks of the pandemic). Significantly distinct patterns are observed between reports of psychological and physical violence, and non-cohabitant and cohabitant violence. These patterns are consistent with the pandemic changing the relative incidence of different types of violence and altering the perceived costs of reporting them through alternative channels. Increases in calls to domestic violence hotlines suggest that this channel was best suited to respond to victims' needs during the pandemic. In turn, the drop in legal complaints and calls to comprehensive emergency lines are consistent with an increase in the perceived (relative) cost of using these channels. The findings reveal how the pandemic altered domestic violence victims' demand for institutional help and highlight the relevance of domestic violence hotlines as an accessible and valuable service.
Publications
Published 2021
Inter-American Development Bank Annual Business Review 2020
The 2020 Annual Business Review (ABR) provides an overview of the IDB's performance on sovereign-guaranteed outputs and lending program priorities. The ABR identifies trend deviations from IDB portfolio targets to support Bank managements efforts to identify and implement corrective measures. This edition compiles data for all quarters in 2020.
Publications
Published 2020
Lending Instruments Report
The 2019-2020 Work Program of the Office of Evaluation and Oversight (OVE) included an assessment of the financial instruments of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB). The objective of this assessment was to evaluate the extent to which the IDBs set of financial (and non-financial) instruments has been aligned wit hand effective in responding to the (changing) needs of clients. This first report is a knowledge product focused on sovereign-guaranteed (SG) lending instruments and modalities that takes stock of the findings of previous evaluations carried out by OVE. The purpose of the report is threefold: to provide summary information, based on OVEs past work, mainly for new members of the IDBs Board of Directors; to serve as a technical input for Board and Management discussions; and to identify information and knowledge gaps to inform OVEs upcoming work on financial instruments.
Publications
Published 2024
Lo metropolitano: escala, complejidad y gobernanza
¿Cómo definimos la unidad territorial metropolitana? ¿Cómo establecemos límites territoriales que garantizan la integración de sus sistemas ecológicos y sociales? ¿Cómo gestionamos los flujos migratorios y los condicionantes del cambio climático que ejercen presión sobre las infraestructuras metropolitanas? En los últimos años, la literatura de desarrollo ha revelado conflictos emergentes de las metrópolis de América Latina y el Caribe. Las preguntas parecen ser simples y de naturaleza apremiante, pero las respuestas implican desafíos críticos de conocimiento y coordinación institucional. Por ejemplo, reconocemos que las personas se mueven, interactúan y satisfacen sus necesidades más allá de los límites político-administrativos, pero no existen suficientes arreglos institucionales que consideren conjuntamente los sistemas de movilidad y la distribución de servicios y bienes territoriales. Esta publicación nos invita a revisar nuevamente la forma en que hemos delimitado la Unidad Territorial Metropolitana. Los contenidos se organizan en tres capítulos que avanzan hacia la construcción de una gobernanza sensible a su escala y complejidad dentro de la región. El primero reflexiona sobre la escala, incluyendo perspectivas históricas y técnicas, como la incorporación de tecnologías que actualizan datos geoespaciales de ocupación y cambio de uso de suelo. El segundo profundiza en las dimensiones de complejidad e intersectorialidad, como la economía, la movilidad, la equidad, el cambio climático, la salud, la calidad de vida y los desafíos de la migración. El tercero se nutre del conocimiento acumulado para recorrer aspectos claves de la gobernanza metropolitana y su sostenibilidad fiscal. Por último, la revisión de experiencias internacionales entrega lecciones sobre las distintas formas en que se ha asumido la unidad metropolitana dentro de las infraestructuras institucionales. Es necesario anticipar aspectos claves de la escala y las dimensiones necesarias para construir acuerdos institucionales efectivos. La invitación es a definir antes de formular una gobernanza metropolitana.
Publications
Published 2020
Social Protection and Informality in Latin America during the COVID-19 Pandemic
Latin American governments swiftly implemented income assistance programs to sustain families' livelihoods during COVID-19 stay-at-home orders. This paper analyzes the potential coverage and generosity of these measures and assesses the suitability of current safety nets to deal with unexpected negative income shocks in 10 Latin American countries. The expansion of pre-existing programs (most notably conditional cash transfers and non-contributory pensions) during the COVID-19 crisis was generally insufficient to compensate for the inability to work among the poorest segments of the population. When COVID-19 ad hoc programs are analyzed, the coverage and replacement rates of regular labor income among households in the first quintile of the country's labor income distribution increase substantially. Yet, these programs present substantial coverage challenges among families composed of fundamentally informal workers who are non-poor, but are at a high risk of poverty. These results highlight the limitations of the fragmented nature of social protection systems in the region.
Publications
Published 2020
COVID-19 and Police Agency Operations in Latin America and the Caribbean
This study analyzes how the COVID-19 crisis is generating changes in police work and assesses its potential impact on the effectiveness and legitimacy of police forces in Latin America and the Caribbean. According to a standardized survey administered to 13 police agencies in the region between April 15 and 27, 2020, the majority of agencies have prepared and taken rapid measures to implement security protocols and plans for contingency, as well as provide officers with protective equipment. Agencies have continued to answer calls for service and make arrests, although their usual preventive and community actions have been reduced. The study reveals that, in many cases, there is little information available on the scope and limitations of the powers of the police to enforce the sanitary measures required of citizens in the context of the pandemic. The main conclusion of the study is the need to be alert to changes in the police service and the possible negative consequences of the reduction of proactive and community activities, even more so when there is little clarity about the mechanisms that the police have to implement and carry out compliance with new regulations.
Publications
Published 2024
Incorporating Men into Caregiving Tasks: Dismantling Barriers and Reframing Roles in Latin America and the Caribbean
Deeply entrenched cultural norms in the LAC society tend to dictate that women should bear the primary responsibility for domestic tasks and caregiving. This social perception results in an unequal distribution of chores, not only within households but also in the broader work environment. This policy brief offers a thorough review of robust academic studies on men's involvement in caregiving and examines specific cases where further research is warranted. It particularly focuses on assessing the effectiveness of various public policies that encourage men's engagement in caregiving at home and in their professional lives, emphasizing the pressing need for a critical approach to this issue through rigorous evaluations and detailed research.
Publications
Published 2020
The Challenge of Protecting Informal Households during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Evidence from Latin America
Latin American countries introduced rapid emergency measures to sustain the income of informal workers and their families during shelter-in-place orders to contain COVID-19. The effectiveness of these measures is limited. The coverage and replacement rates of usual labor income are high among the first quintile of the population but fairly low in the second and third quintiles, where a substantial fraction of households are informal and have limited ability to telework. If governments plan to extend lockdown measures or reintroduce them in the future, they might need to consider broader income transfers for the lower-middle class.
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