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Promoting Trade Liberalization in Agricultural Products
EN

Project Detail

Country

Regional

Project Number

TC0208027

Approval Date

September 13, 2002

Project Status

Closed

Project Type

Technical Cooperation

Sector

-

Subsector

-

Lending Instrument

-

Lending Instrument Code

-

Modality

-

Facility Type

-

Environmental Classification

-

Total Cost

USD 176,000.00

Country Counterpart Financing

USD 50,000.00

Original Amount Approved

USD 126,000.00

Financial Information
Operation Number Lending Type Reporting Currency Reporting Date Signed Date Fund Financial Instrument
ATN/SF-8014-RG Sovereign Guaranteed USD - United States Dollar Fund for Special Operations Nonreimbursable
Operation Number ATN/SF-8014-RG
  • Lending Type: Sovereign Guaranteed
  • Reporting Currency: USD - United States Dollar
  • Reporting Date:
  • Signed Date:
  • Fund: Fund for Special Operations
  • Financial Instrument: Nonreimbursable
Publications
Published 2020
Revisiting the Effect of the Great Liberalization on the Growth of Latin America and the Caribbean, 1980-2010
As Latin America and the Caribbeans “Great Liberalization” reaches its 30th anniversary, we revisit the trade and growth debate by updating and expanding Estevadeordal and Taylors 2013 paper. To better understand the regions heterogeneity of policies and outcomes, we extend this analysis to include a larger sample of countries, a new and more disaggregated bilateral product-level tariff dataset; a longer timespan; and a country-sector analysis. The results indicate that liberalization is likely to have made a significant contribution to the acceleration in growth observed in the postliberalization periodan extra 0.6 to 0.7 percentage points on annual per-capita growth-driven by lower tariffs on capital and intermediate goods (as suggested by Solows growth model) and by the manufacturing sector.
Publications
Published 2021
The Effect of Extension Services and Credit on Agricultural Production in Bolivia, Peru, and Colombia
In this paper we estimate the average treatment effect from access to extension services and credit on agricultural production in selected Andean countries (Bolivia, Peru, and Colombia). More specifically, we want to identify the effect of accessibility, here represented as travel time to the nearest area with 1,500 or more inhabitants per square kilometer or at least 50,000 inhabitants, on the likelihood of accessing extension and credit. To estimate the treatment effect and identify the effect of accessibility on these variables, we use data from the Colombian and Bolivian Agricultural Censuses of 2013 and 2014, respectively; a national agricultural survey from 2017 for Peru; and geographic information on travel time. We find that the average treatment effect for extension is higher compared to that of credit for farms in Bolivia and Peru, and lower for Colombia. The average treatment effects of extension and credit for Peruvian farms are $2,387.45 and $3,583.42 respectively. The average treatment effect for extension and credit are $941.92 and $668.69, respectively, while in Colombia are $1,365.98 and $1,192.51, respectively. We also find that accessibility and the likelihood of accessing these services are nonlinearly related. Results indicate that higher likelihood is associated with lower travel time, especially in the analysis of credit.
Blogs
Published 2019
La psicología del apoyo al comercio
¿El libre comercio beneficia a América Latina y el Caribe? La mayoría de los economistas creen que sí. El libre comercio permite a los países especializarse en lo que mejor saben hacer, desarrollando ventajas competitivas y propiciando una mayor oferta para el consumidor y precios más bajos. La mayoría de los ciudadanos parecen estar de
Blogs
Published 2019
The Psychology of Support for Trade
Is free trade beneficial to Latin America and the Caribbean? Most economists believe it is. Free trade allows countries to specialize in what they do best, developing competitive advantages and leading to greater consumer choice and lower prices. Most citizens seem to agree. An IDB-commissioned poll, included in the cross-regional Latinobarómetro survey, finds popular support
Blogs
Published 2023
¿Cómo pueden las habilidades 4.0 potenciar el empleo joven rural?
En la provincia de San Juan, Argentina, Fabricio ha culminado la formación virtual sobre introducción a las nuevas tecnologías para la producción de alimentos en el campus del Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Es su último año de clases, pronto recibirá su título de Técnico en Producción Agropecuaria y, después de casi siete años
Blogs
Published 2022
Examinando el impacto productivo y ambiental de políticas agrícolas con teledetección: Un piloto en Argentina
En América Latina y el Caribe (ALC), el uso ineficiente y no sostenible de insumos agrícolas sigue contribuyendo a la sobreexplotación y contaminación de los recursos naturales de la región, amenazando la biodiversidad y poniendo en riesgo la sostenibilidad de la producción agropecuaria. La región enfrenta presiones vinculadas al cambio de uso del suelo y
Publications
Published 2019
MERCOSUR-European Free Trade Association Agreement
After two years and ten rounds of discussions, MERCOSUR and the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), a trade bloc formed by Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland, concluded in substance the negotiations on a Free Trade Agreement. This deal complements a trade pact MERCOSUR recently signed with the European Union (EU), enhancing preferential relations with the European continent and promoting strategic integration between the two regions.
Publications
Published 2021
Promover prácticas agrícolas sostenibles: De los incentivos a la adopción y los resultados
Las prácticas agrícolas sostenibles permiten un uso más eficiente de los recursos naturales, mitigan el impacto de la agricultura en el medio ambiente y fortalecen la capacidad de adaptación al cambio climático y la variabilidad climática. Debido a que estas prácticas generalmente requieren un esfuerzo sustancial o la asignación de recursos por parte de los agricultores, se necesitan incentivos para apoyar la adopción por parte de los agricultores. A pesar del creciente interés, ha habido poca evaluación sistemática de los incentivos-adopción-cadena de resultados, es decir, qué incentivos promueven mejor la adopción y cuáles conducen a los resultados de sostenibilidad deseados. Este informe presenta los resultados de una revisión de la literatura que examinó (1) la adopción de prácticas agrícolas bajo tres tipos de incentivos, de mercado y no de mercado, regulatorias y las transferecias condicionadas, y (2) el impacto en la productividad, la rentabilidad y la sostenibilidad ambiental. Con base en esta revisión, ofrece un conjunto de siete principios probados a seguir en el diseño e implementación de incentivos para la agricultura sostenible.
Publications
Published 2019
Innovation in the Global Economy: Opening-Up Latin American Innovation Systems
Using different country-level datasets, this paper studies the relationship between innovation and economic integration in the global economy. The macroeconomic evidence exploits the fact that different countries liberalized international trade at different moments to look at the evolution of innovation. The evidence indicates that trade reforms have not been relevant to increase country-level innovation outcomes. We found that these results are robust to controlling for other determinants of innovation results. On the other hand, our findings also suggest that integration in the global economy has strong potential for technology transfer but that some explicit complementary innovation policies are needed. We close this paper with some innovation policy recommendations that can be implemented in order to improve the impacts of trade liberalization on LAC innovation systems.
Blogs
Published 2019
Ensuring that the Gains from Trade are Inclusive and Sustainable
Thirty years ago, as part of their development strategy, and after many years of protectionism, the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean embarked on a process of ambitious trade liberalization. This was only one of many different reforms made in the framework of the Washington consensus. But it was without question the most important
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