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Financial Integration Latin America: Realities, challenges, strategic proposals
The project's objective is to generate a strategy to promote and facilitate the development of a more efficient regional financial market tending towards harmonization of regulations and facilitating financial integration possible, initially in the three countries involved in the project.

Project Detail



Project Number


Approval Date

April 16, 2013

Project Status


Project Type

Technical Cooperation





Lending Instrument


Lending Instrument Code




Facility Type


Environmental Classification

Likely to cause minimal or no negative environmental and associated social impacts

Total Cost

USD 2,000,000.00

Country Counterpart Financing

USD 1,150,000.00

Original Amount Approved

USD 850,000.00

Financial Information
Operation Number Lending Type Reporting Currency Reporting Date Signed Date Fund Financial Instrument
ATN/OC-13779-RG Sovereign Guaranteed USD - United States Dollar Ordinary Capital Nonreimbursable
Operation Number ATN/OC-13779-RG
  • Lending Type: Sovereign Guaranteed
  • Reporting Currency: USD - United States Dollar
  • Reporting Date:
  • Signed Date:
  • Fund: Ordinary Capital
  • Financial Instrument: Nonreimbursable

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Implementation Phase
Plano de Aquisições - ATN_OC-13779-RG [40238481].XLSX
Published Apr. 12, 2016
Plano de Aquisições [38612439].XLSX
Published Feb. 20, 2014
Convenio - Integração Financeira na América Latina realidades, desafios e propostas estratégicas [37936195].PDF
Published Jul. 30, 2013
Documento de CT - RG-T2211 [40242120].PDF
Published Apr. 14, 2016

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Published 2023
¿Por qué necesitamos mejores regulaciones para lograr mejores resultados de política pública?
¿Has percibido cómo las regulaciones inciden sobre casi todos los aspectos del funcionamiento de las sociedades modernas? Diariamente, vemos discusiones sobre regulaciones de las redes sociales, del sistema financiero, del uso de la inteligencia artificial y otros temas que afectan directamente nuestras vidas. Son las regulaciones las que establecen las reglas del juego para la
Published 2022
Breve 24. The pharmaceutical price regulation in El Salvador
His policy brief is based on a webinar presented by Luis Alejandro Rivera, Chief of the Pricing Unit at the Dirección Nacional de Medicamentos (National Directorate of Medicines DNM) in El Salvador. The presentation was given on July 2019. Rising prices of medications are a global concern as healthcare expenditures soar and more patients are unable to access the medicines they need. El Salvador has managed to control and lower the price of prescription medicines for both innovator and generic medicines, while maintaining a well-functioning and cost-saving pharmaceutical market. This publication presents takeaways, such as price setting methods, the identification of appropriate market segments, and the introduction of online monitoring platforms, so that other policymakers may use them when introducing price regulation in their own pharmaceutical markets.
Published 2023
¿Cuál es el estado de la calidad regulatoria en América Latina y el Caribe?
Imaginemos un día de nuestra vida cotidiana. Nos despertamos temprano para alistarnos y teletrabajar, para ello necesitamos de una conexión de internet accesible y fiable. Detrás de ese servicio existe un marco regulatorio que establece las reglas para ofrecer servicios de internet, que delimita la forma en que se interconectan las empresas de telecomunicaciones, y
Published 2021
Rethinking the Global Microscope for Financial Inclusion: 2021 Key Findings Report
The Global Microscope is a benchmarking index that has assessed the enabling environment for financial inclusion across 55 countries since 2007. This year, the Economist Impact team conducted an assessment of the index's existing data (2007-20) to understand the relationship between key financial inclusion enablers (i.e. policies, regulation and infrastructure) and financial inclusion outcomes. This report discusses the policies that have driven change, the priorities to keep in mind for the future, the tools that will help achieve these goals and the unique ways these priorities and tools apply across different parts of the financial system. Below we summarize our key findings: - A higher overall Global Microscope score showed a positive relationship with the number of accounts with formal financial institutions and mobile money providers among the population. - The Infrastructure domain had the strongest relation to account ownership, documenting the positive effects on inclusion from policies facilitating the expansion of payment systems, strong digital identification regimes, widespread connectivity, and robust credit information systems. The other four domains are Government and Policy Support, Stability and Integrity, Products and Outlets, and Consumer Protection. - Consumer Protection was also positively linked to the prevalence of bank accounts, underscoring the importance of measures to ensure that financial consumers are treated fairly across the range of distribution channels and products. - The magnitude and quality of regulatory implementation significantly impacts financial inclusion. Larger regulatory improvements were associated with increasingly larger gains in account ownership. * The opinions expressed in this work are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the IDB, its Board of Directors or the countries they represent, nor of the MIF Donors Committee or the countries it represents.
Published 2021
Gestión sostenible de plásticos: análisis regulatorio y técnico en el marco de la iniciativa de economía circular en la Alianza del Pacífico y Ecuador
En la Declaración sobre Gestión Sostenible del Plástico (2019), los países miembros de la Alianza del Pacífico (AP), Colombia, Chile, México, y Perú, junto a Ecuador, tomaron la decisión de enfrentar la gestión de plásticos de manera sostenible, con un enfoque de economía circular. Insertado en este contexto, el presente estudio analiza y compara el escenario regulatorio y los incentivos fiscales y financieros implementados en la AP y Ecuador, en relación con la gestión del plástico. Asimismo, este estudio identifica las mejores prácticas y las brechas existentes en esta materia, establece un índice que permite comparar el carácter sostenible de la gestión de los plásticos en esos países, y entrega recomendaciones para que los incumbentes tomen informadas decisiones de políticas públicas para el uso y gestión sostenible de los plásticos.
Published 2021
Skills for Life: Stress and Brain Development in Early Childhood
Learning to cope with disappointments and overcoming obstacles is part of growing up. By conquering some challenges, children develop resilience. Such normal stressors may include initiating a new activity or separation from parents during preschool hours. However, when the challenges in early childhood are intensified by important stressors happening outside their own lives, they may start to worry about the safety of themselves and their families. This may cause chronic stress, which interferes with their emotional, cognitive, and social development. In developing country contexts, it is especially hard to capture promptly the effects of stressors related to the COVID-19 pandemic on childrens cognitive and socioemotional development. In this note, we draw on the literature on the effect of stress on brain development and examine data from a recent survey of households with young children carried out in four Latin American countries to offer suggestions for policy responses. We suggest that early childhood and education systems play a decisive role in assessing and addressing childrens mental health needs. In the absence of forceful policy responses on multiple fronts, the mental health outcomes may become lasting.
Published 2022
Implications of a New Global Financial Landscape for the Southern Cone
Global financial markets are at a crossroads, subject to increased short-term uncertainty as well as structural shifts, both of which pose risks to the macroeconomic and development outlook of emerging economies. To start with, central banks around the world are aggressively tightening monetary policy to fight inflation. This has complex ramifications for exchange rate markets,
Published 2020
Indicadores de gobernanza ambiental para América Latina y el Caribe
Un medio ambiente sano es crítico para la salud pública, la vitalidad de los ecosistemas y la sostenibilidad de las sociedades. La mayoría de los países apoyan esta visión y han adoptado un marco legislativo en materia ambiental o incorporado en sus constituciones el derecho a un medio ambiente sano. Sin embargo, a menudo la práctica queda rezagada con respecto a las leyes ambientales y hasta la fecha existen muy pocos datos para ayudar a comprender y abordar esta brecha. Los Indicadores de Gobernanza Ambiental para América Latina y el Caribe (IGA) representan el primer esfuerzo realizado para abordar este desafío mediante la medición del funcionamiento de la gobernanza ambiental en la práctica en diez países de la región: Argentina, Bolivia, Brasil, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Jamaica, Perú, República Dominicana y Uruguay. Los IGA proporcionan datos nuevos organizados en torno a 11 indicadores primarios de gobernanza ambiental para cada país: 1) Regulación y cumplimiento; 2) Participación ciudadana; 3) Derechos fundamentales ambientales y sociales; 4) Acceso y calidad de la justicia; 5) Calidad del aire y clima; 6) Recursos y calidad del agua; 7) Biodiversidad; 8) Bosques; 9) Océanos, mares y recursos marinos; 10) Gestión de residuos; y 11) Extracción y minería. Además, este informe presenta datos clave procedentes de terceros sobre el contexto de gobernanza, capacidad institucional, leyes y reglamentos, y desempeño ambiental de cada país, con el fin de ofrecer un panorama más completo de las cuestiones de contexto que inciden en el estado de la gobernanza ambiental o que son el resultado de ésta.
Published 2023
Como assegurar os recursos necessários para uma transição verde justa e inclusiva
Garantir que os recursos necessários para ações de mitigação e adaptação estejam disponíveis e sejam direcionados para soluções efetivas que consideram o meio ambiente E as pessoas é crucial para uma transição verde justa e inclusiva. No Banco Interamericano de Desenvolvimento (BID), temos orgulho de ter consolidado parcerias estratégicas com o fundo Global Environment Facility
Published 2021
Títulos verdes e sustentáveis não são modismo, são oportunidades que o Brasil deve aproveitar
Na contramão (ou talvez como efeito) do momento desafiador que caracteriza as economias globais, crescem o interesse e o espaço para um filão particular no mercado financeiro mundial: os títulos de dívida temáticos, sobretudo os sustentáveis – ou sustainaible bonds. Segundo cálculos da consultoria BloombergNEF, o volume de emissões de títulos de dívida ligados a princípios sustentáveis cresceu 29% em 2020, pleno ano de pandemia, somando US$ 732 bilhões. Por aqui, embora o mercado brasileiro ainda seja uma pequena
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