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Consolidate MERCOSUR's Presidency of the Comitte of Permanent Representatives

Project Detail



Project Number


Approval Date

July 1, 2004

Project Status


Project Type

Technical Cooperation





Lending Instrument


Lending Instrument Code




Facility Type


Environmental Classification


Total Cost

USD 90,000.00

Country Counterpart Financing

USD 15,000.00

Original Amount Approved

USD 75,000.00

Financial Information
Operation Number Lending Type Reporting Currency Reporting Date Signed Date Fund Financial Instrument
ATN/SF-8758-RG Sovereign Guaranteed USD - United States Dollar Fund for Special Operations Nonreimbursable
Operation Number ATN/SF-8758-RG
  • Lending Type: Sovereign Guaranteed
  • Reporting Currency: USD - United States Dollar
  • Reporting Date:
  • Signed Date:
  • Fund: Fund for Special Operations
  • Financial Instrument: Nonreimbursable
Published 2023
El impacto de la ventanilla única para el registro formal de empresas en República Dominicana
Las ventanillas únicas para el registro de empresas pueden reducir significativamente los costos y mejorar el acceso a información para los negocios que entran al sector formal. En este documento se analiza el impacto de un programa a nivel nacional que comprende la implementación de una ventanilla única y la reducción de las tarifas de registro. Además de analizar su impacto en el número de empresas que se formalizan, se explora la manera en que este reconfigura el mercado laboral para mujeres y hombres. El estudio se lleva a cabo en República Dominicana, un país caracterizado por la alta informalidad empresarial y laboral, donde en 2013 el gobierno lanzó la ventanilla digital única Formalízate. Para analizar su impacto se aprovechó el despliegue secuencial del programa en diferentes provincias del país. Los resultados muestran que la introducción del programa en una provincia está asociada con la entrada de un mayor número de microempresas al mercado formal. Cabe señalar que estas empresas se concentran en sectores donde la informalidad era alta antes del despliegue de Formalízate, sobre todo en los sectores de comercio y turismo. Además, los resultados muestran que la participación de las mujeres en la fuerza laboral se ve afectada por el programa, mientras que la participación de los hombres no. De hecho, se observa que la presencia de Formalízate aumentó la participación de las mujeres en el mercado laboral como emprendedoras autoempleadas.
Published 2023
Connexa: No. 20: Dezembro, 2023: síntese trimestral de informação e dados sobre integração e comércio
Esta edição do Connexa apresenta um resumo do desempenho do setor externo da América Latina e Caribe (ALC) ao longo de 2023, detalhando o comportamento de variáveis chave para as exportações de bens, como preços dos produtos básicos, demanda global, fretes e taxas de câmbio. Da mesma forma, o comportamento do investimento direto estrangeiro é analisado. No campo dos acordos comerciais, apresenta-se o progresso da região nas negociações intra e extra-regionais.
Published 2023
Comercio para alimentar el mundo, una agenda estratégica para América Latina y el Caribe
América Latina y el Caribe (ALC) tiene una oportunidad única para atender el crecimiento esperado de la demanda agroalimentaria a nivel mundial.  La región representa el 14% de la producción mundial de alimentos y el 45% del comercio agroalimentario internacional neto[1]. Su importancia para sus propias economías es indiscutible: los sistemas agroalimentarios explican entre el
Published 2022
Investment Booms and Institutions: Evidence for the World and the Andean Region
This paper provides evidence of a positive effect of institutions and reforms in initiating investment booms. We constructed an unbalanced panel of 178 countries for the period 19502019 that considered institutions and reforms at different levels and dimensions. We analyzed the effects of these variables on 159 carefully estimated investment boom episodes, controlling for the standard determinants of investment and using a battery of estimation techniques and robustness checks. Overall, marketoriented and democratic institutions favor the advent of investment booms. Structural reforms present mixed effects and in some cases these are nonlinear. While trade and capital account reform have negative effects, domestic finance, product, and labor market reforms have the opposite. Beyond institutions and reforms, we find different effects regarding external, macro, and structural variables.
Published 2020
Trade and Integration Monitor 2020: The COVID-19 Shock: Building Trade Resilience for After the Pandemic
The Trade and Integration Monitor 2020 analyzes how trade has contracted during the COVID-19 pandemic and focuses on the reforms needed to enable the region to take part in the trade and investment flows that will emerge after the crisis. Countries in the region should make decisive moves toward an ambitious agenda of international integration policies if they are to capture new investments and take advantage of nearshoring opportunities. The pandemic has exposed challenges that point clearly to a need to make headway on the institutional strengthening of export promotion and investment attraction agencies, trade facilitation and the modernization of customs, the diversification of the services sector, and trade digitalization.
Published 2024
Gobierno Digital
La revolución digital ya está presente en muchos aspectos de nuestra vida, ¿y en nuestros gobiernos? Para seguir el ritmo de ciudadanos hiperconectados y del comercio que ahora es cada vez más digital, los gobiernos no se pueden quedar atrás. Muchos países tienen un alto nivel de interés: el 75% de gobiernos ya cuentan con una estrategia de gobierno digital. Sin embargo, estos esfuerzos no se han traducido a la práctica ya que en 2017, solo el 7% ciudadanos latinoamericanos hizo un trámite en línea.
Published 2022
Cross-Border Intra-Firm Trade and the Propagation of Idiosyncratic Shocks: A New Dataset
We study how disruptions in international production networks propagate across countries. We use comprehensive data on natural disasters around the globe over the last two decades from the EM-DAT and SHELDUS database to identify exogenous shocks to sourcing foreign inputs. We then trace out the effect of these shocks on activity of multinationals located in the United States. and their network of foreign affiliates using U.S. Bill of Lading microdata and data on domestic and international ownership linkages from Orbis. Our findings indicate that major natural disasters can have an economically significant negative impact even far from the directly affected areas. Furthermore, the strength of the propagation depends on whether the shocks led to disruptions in intra-firm or arms-length trade. This technical note provides detailed information on the construction of the novel dataset used in Alviarez et al. (2021).
Published 2023
Trade to feed the world: A strategic agenda for Latin America and the Caribbean
Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) has a unique opportunity to meet the expected growth in global demand for agrifood products. The region accounts for 14% of global food production and 45% of net international trade in agrifood products.[1] The importance of these products to LAC’s economies is undeniable: agrifood systems account for between 9%
Published 2022
¿Cómo mejorar la gestión del comercio callejero en nuestras ciudades?
comercio callejero, comercio informal, comercio popular
Published 2022
Digital Technologies and Globalization: A Survey of Research and Policy Applications
In recent years, the world has witnessed the rise of multiple specific digital technologies, including online trade platforms, robotics, artificial intelligence (AI), 3D printing, cloud computing, blockchain, and financial technology (fintech). These digital technologies are fundamentally transforming the ways that firms and individuals — as both workers and consumers — communicate, search, trade, and invest. They are also substantially changing how governments design and implement trade and investment policies and programs and, in so doing, how they interact with firms, individuals, and each other. This paper reviews the growing empirical literature on the trade, investment, and broader development effects of the adoption of specific digital technologies. It also describes the policy applications of these technologies and discusses the incipient empirical literature on the impacts thereof. Based on this review, it identifies several open questions and avenues of future research that may be useful for deepening our understanding of digital technologies and their policy implications.
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