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Liquidity Fund for Microenterprise Recovery
The project, consisting of an Emergency Liquidity Facility (ELF) and a Technical Support Facility (TSF), is part of the MIF strategy of promoting sustainable development of microfinance in LAC through specialized intermediaries that have the capacity to serve entrepreneurs who own micro and small enterprises in an efficient way and with vast outreach.

Project Detail

Country

Regional

Project Number

RG-Q0033

Approval Date

December 10, 2003

Project Status

Closed

Project Type

Equity

Sector

-

Subsector

-

Lending Instrument

Instrumento del Fondo Multilateral de Inversiones

Lending Instrument Code

MIF

Modality

-

Facility Type

-

Environmental Classification

-

Total Cost

USD 600,000.00

Country Counterpart Financing

USD 0.00

Original Amount Approved

USD 600,000.00

Financial Information
Operation Number Lending Type Reporting Currency Reporting Date Signed Date Fund Financial Instrument
EQU/MS-8547-RG Non-Sovereign Guaranteed USD - United States Dollar MIF-Small Enterprise Investment Fund Equity Financing
Operation Number EQU/MS-8547-RG
  • Lending Type: Non-Sovereign Guaranteed
  • Reporting Currency: USD - United States Dollar
  • Reporting Date:
  • Signed Date:
  • Fund: MIF-Small Enterprise Investment Fund
  • Financial Instrument: Equity Financing
Publications
Published 2021
Welfare Effects of Capital Controls
This paper studies the effect of capital controls on misallocation and welfare in an economy with financial constraints. We build a general equilibrium model with heterogeneous firms, financial constraints and international trade and calibrate it to the Chilean economy. Since high-productivity and exporting firms need to borrow more to reach their optimal scale, capital controls that tax international borrowing hit them harder. As a result, misallocation increases relatively more for this group of firms, and for young firms that are still trying to reach their optimal scale. In terms of welfare, the model predicts a sizable aggregate loss of 2.39 percent when capital controls are introduced, with welfare decreasing twice as much for high-productivity firms. We empirically corroborate the main insights in terms of misallocation obtained from the model using Chilean manufacturing firm data from 1990 to 2007.
Publications
Published 2021
Domestic Violence Reporting during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Evidence from Latin America
This article examines changes in the frequency and characteristics of domestic violence reports after the start of the pandemic and the imposition of mobility restrictions in six Latin American countries. The study uses three types of data sources: calls to domestic violence hotlines (for the City of Buenos Aires in Argentina, Colombia, and Peru); calls to emergency lines (for Ecuador, Lima in Peru, and Costa Rica); and police/legal complaints (for Colombia, Ecuador, and Uruguay). Data through June 2020 shows that the pandemic's impact on domestic violence reports varied significantly across countries, periods, types of violence, and reporting channels. Calls to domestic violence hotlines soared, but calls to emergency lines and police complaints fell (especially in the first weeks of the pandemic). Significantly distinct patterns are observed between reports of psychological and physical violence, and non-cohabitant and cohabitant violence. These patterns are consistent with the pandemic changing the relative incidence of different types of violence and altering the perceived costs of reporting them through alternative channels. Increases in calls to domestic violence hotlines suggest that this channel was best suited to respond to victims' needs during the pandemic. In turn, the drop in legal complaints and calls to comprehensive emergency lines are consistent with an increase in the perceived (relative) cost of using these channels. The findings reveal how the pandemic altered domestic violence victims' demand for institutional help and highlight the relevance of domestic violence hotlines as an accessible and valuable service.
Blogs
Published 2022
Can online platforms encourage women-owned firms in international trade? In the case of ConnectAmericas, yes
Can online platforms expand female-owned firms’ trade opportunities? Based on research using data from a business site in Latin America and the Caribbean, the answer is yes. This finding is important for the promotion of gender equality, one of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and for the policymakers, practitioners, and researchers who are increasingly
Blogs
Published 2022
Avoiding Economic Long-COVID: Policies to Support Firms and Workers in Latin America and the Caribbean
During the peak of the COVID-19 crisis, governments in Latin America and the Caribbean aided firms and households with support packages coordinated with central bank monetary policy. For many, liquidity injections and flexible financial sector supervision helped ease the pain. While many small firms closed their doors during the crisis, surprisingly few larger firms
Publications
Published 2022
Alcohol, Drug Use, and Road Traffic Injuries: A Multi-site Collaborative Study of Emergency Departments in the Dominican Republic and Peru
The objectives of this study are to report demographic and substanceuse characteristics and risk of road traffic injury from alcohol use, cannabis use, and combined use in a sample of emergency department patients from two countries in Latin America and the Caribbean: the Dominican Republic and Peru.
Blogs
Published 2023
Easing the Credit Crunch on Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises
Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) comprise the overwhelming majority of formal businesses and create around half of formal employment for the average country in Latin America and the Caribbean, with that percentage rising to 80% in some cases. Yet, despite their immense importance to the economy of the region, these firms consistently struggle to get
Blogs
Published 2023
Cómo aliviar la crisis de crédito para las pequeñas y medianas empresas
Las pequeñas y medianas empresas (pymes) constituyen la inmensa mayoría de las empresas formales, y contribuyen con cerca del 50% del empleo formal en el país promedio en América Latina y el Caribe, e incluso con cerca del 80% en algunos casos. Sin embargo, a pesar de su enorme importancia para la economía de la
Publications
Published 2023
Digitalización de las micro y pequeñas empresas y reducción de la desigualdad regional en México
A partir de tabulados de los Censos Económicos de 2014 y 2019 de México, este trabajo analiza la desigualdad entre unidades económicas en el acceso a las TIC y su relación con características de las empresas relacionadas al mercado laboral. En primer lugar, el estudio encuentra una fuerte correlación positiva entre la adopción de TIC y el tamaño de las unidades económicas; más aún, si bien las diferencias sectoriales en adopción de TIC son pequeñas entre las empresas medianas y grandes, éstas son mucho más marcadas entre las unidades económicas de hasta diez empleados. En cuanto a la dimensión regional, existe una elevada desigualdad entre entidades federativas en la adopción de TIC que se relaciona con la mayor y creciente densidad de empresas medianas y grandes en los estados del norte, y de micro y pequeñas empresas (MyPE) en los estados del sur-sureste. Por último, y contrario a la evidencia para países desarrollados, tanto entre los sectores económicos como entre las entidades federativas los datos muestran una correlación positiva del acceso de empresas a las TIC con la productividad laboral, calidad del empleo, salarios y participación del trabajo en el valor agregado. Desde el punto de vista de la política pública, los resultados sugieren que reducir la brecha digital entre las empresas mexicanas con foco en las MyPE, no sólo tendría impactos positivos en productividad sino también en la reducción de las desigualdades en el mercado laboral.
Courses
Published 2024
Padrão de Desempenho Ambiental e Social 7- Povos Indígenas
O curso Padrão 7 de Desempenho Ambiental e Social: Povos Indígenas (ESPS 7) é uma oportunidade para conhecer o novo Padrão 7 de desempenho sobre povos indígenas. Por meio de leituras, material audiovisual e testes, você compreenderá a importância de garantir que os projetos do BID respeitem os direitos humanos, a dignidade, as aspirações e a cultura dos povos indígenas; a evitar, minimizar ou compensar impactos adversos neste contexto; e a promover oportunidades de desenvolvimento sustentável condizentes com a cultura destes povos.
Publications
Published 2024
Sector de servicios una oportunidad para la diversificación productiva
La región andina se enfrenta no solo al desafío imperante de la descarbonización global, sino también a la problemática de la baja productividad en las micro y pequeñas empresas, lo cual impacta de manera significativa en la economía. Esta realidad subraya la necesidad urgente de superar las barreras de calidad para integrarse en cadenas de valores modernas. En este contexto, el sector de servicios, como principal empleador en la región, se revela como una pieza clave en la reconfiguración económica. La diversificación económica y el aumento de la productividad agregada se presentan como imperativos ineludibles. Las oportunidades para incrementar las exportaciones de servicios basados en conocimiento adquieren mayor relevancia, consolidando a la región andina como un actor significativo en el mercado internacional. En este proceso, el sector turístico emerge como un componente esencial para el desarrollo sostenible, aprovechando la rica biodiversidad y la geografía única de la región. Este potencial no solo promete un aumento en la atracción de visitantes, sino también una fuente vital de ingresos. A su vez, el auge de los servicios basados en plataformas digitales presenta nuevas oportunidades, aunque el desafío del aseguramiento social plantea una cuestión crucial en la transición hacia una economía más digitalizada y conectada. En resumen, la descarbonización global y la baja productividad en las micro y pequeñas empresas se perfilan como desafíos centrales para la economía de la región andina. Superar estas barreras se torna esencial para la consecución de un desarrollo económico sostenible y resistente, donde el sector de servicios desempeña un papel fundamental en la transformación y modernización de la región.
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