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Strenghtening Customs Management of the Southern Border
The specific objectives of this TC focus on: i) objectively evaluate the current situation with regards to legal and illegal traffic of merchandises and products; ii) determine possible solutions deemed adequate for control of custom facilities; and iii) formulate an Actions Plan for each customs' port or crossing which are part of the study.

Project Detail



Project Number


Approval Date

November 26, 2008

Project Status


Project Type

Technical Cooperation





Lending Instrument


Lending Instrument Code




Facility Type


Environmental Classification

Likely to cause minimal or no negative environmental and associated social impacts

Total Cost

USD 350,000.00

Country Counterpart Financing

USD 50,000.00

Original Amount Approved

USD 300,000.00

Financial Information
Operation Number Lending Type Reporting Currency Reporting Date Signed Date Fund Financial Instrument
ATN/OC-11348-ME Sovereign Guaranteed USD - United States Dollar Ordinary Capital Nonreimbursable
Operation Number ATN/OC-11348-ME
  • Lending Type: Sovereign Guaranteed
  • Reporting Currency: USD - United States Dollar
  • Reporting Date:
  • Signed Date:
  • Fund: Ordinary Capital
  • Financial Instrument: Nonreimbursable

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Preparation Phase
Fortalecimiento de la Gestión Aduanera de la Frontera Sur_ [1784648].PDF
Published Dec. 31, 1999
Fortalecimiento de la Gestión Aduanera de la Frontera Sur_ [1777089].PDF
Published Dec. 31, 1999

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Published 2023
From Ports to Innovation Ecosystems: A Critical Transformation
Ports in Latin America still largely follow the typical industrial model, functioning as maritime terminals in the sea-land interface and with a greater focus on managing concessions and their own infrastructure. Some of the more modern ports also act as transportation and distribution centers. Today, for ports to play a truly instrumental role in integration
Published 2023
El impacto de la ventanilla única para el registro formal de empresas en República Dominicana
Las ventanillas únicas para el registro de empresas pueden reducir significativamente los costos y mejorar el acceso a información para los negocios que entran al sector formal. En este documento se analiza el impacto de un programa a nivel nacional que comprende la implementación de una ventanilla única y la reducción de las tarifas de registro. Además de analizar su impacto en el número de empresas que se formalizan, se explora la manera en que este reconfigura el mercado laboral para mujeres y hombres. El estudio se lleva a cabo en República Dominicana, un país caracterizado por la alta informalidad empresarial y laboral, donde en 2013 el gobierno lanzó la ventanilla digital única Formalízate. Para analizar su impacto se aprovechó el despliegue secuencial del programa en diferentes provincias del país. Los resultados muestran que la introducción del programa en una provincia está asociada con la entrada de un mayor número de microempresas al mercado formal. Cabe señalar que estas empresas se concentran en sectores donde la informalidad era alta antes del despliegue de Formalízate, sobre todo en los sectores de comercio y turismo. Además, los resultados muestran que la participación de las mujeres en la fuerza laboral se ve afectada por el programa, mientras que la participación de los hombres no. De hecho, se observa que la presencia de Formalízate aumentó la participación de las mujeres en el mercado laboral como emprendedoras autoempleadas.
Published 2023
Connexa: No. 20: Dezembro, 2023: síntese trimestral de informação e dados sobre integração e comércio
Esta edição do Connexa apresenta um resumo do desempenho do setor externo da América Latina e Caribe (ALC) ao longo de 2023, detalhando o comportamento de variáveis chave para as exportações de bens, como preços dos produtos básicos, demanda global, fretes e taxas de câmbio. Da mesma forma, o comportamento do investimento direto estrangeiro é analisado. No campo dos acordos comerciais, apresenta-se o progresso da região nas negociações intra e extra-regionais.
Published 2023
Comercio para alimentar el mundo, una agenda estratégica para América Latina y el Caribe
América Latina y el Caribe (ALC) tiene una oportunidad única para atender el crecimiento esperado de la demanda agroalimentaria a nivel mundial.  La región representa el 14% de la producción mundial de alimentos y el 45% del comercio agroalimentario internacional neto[1]. Su importancia para sus propias economías es indiscutible: los sistemas agroalimentarios explican entre el
Published 2020
Smart Ports Manual: Strategy and Roadmap
The Smart Port Manual is a tool designed to help port authorities and terminal operators monitor and evaluate the process of transforming ports into smart ports. The manuals content is based on international best practice for implementing smart ports. It describes different smart port initiatives and includes a list of quantitative and qualitative indicators that can be measured to track and score the progress made. This manual gives a comprehensive overview of the technological and legal ecosystem needed in order to create smart ports.
Published 2022
Investment Booms and Institutions: Evidence for the World and the Andean Region
This paper provides evidence of a positive effect of institutions and reforms in initiating investment booms. We constructed an unbalanced panel of 178 countries for the period 19502019 that considered institutions and reforms at different levels and dimensions. We analyzed the effects of these variables on 159 carefully estimated investment boom episodes, controlling for the standard determinants of investment and using a battery of estimation techniques and robustness checks. Overall, marketoriented and democratic institutions favor the advent of investment booms. Structural reforms present mixed effects and in some cases these are nonlinear. While trade and capital account reform have negative effects, domestic finance, product, and labor market reforms have the opposite. Beyond institutions and reforms, we find different effects regarding external, macro, and structural variables.
Published 2020
Windows of Opportunity: Facilitating Trade with Blockchain Technology
The Fourth Industrial Revolution, driven by rapid technological change and digitization, is having a profound impact on global trade. By applying innovative new technologies to trade, “TradeTech” promises to increase efficiency, drive economic development and grow inclusivity. However, challenges and uncertainties remain on the policy governance of TradeTech. Public-private partnerships are needed to maximize the benefits and mitigate the potential downsides of applying new technologies to global trade. Building on global developments and aspirations for TradeTech, the World Economic Forums Centre for the Fourth Industrial Revolution, through its Digital Trade team, collaborated with the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) to launch a new project. This project aims to guide public-sector stakeholders to make informed decisions about using emerging technologies to facilitate trade, drive economic development and improve competitiveness particularly in the case of blockchain deployment in trade single windows. Given its prioritization of emerging technologies and having worked closely with Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) governments, the IDB has valuable experience and knowledge to help co-design and shape the trade agenda. Within trade facilitation, trade single windows serve as the single electronic point for exporters and importers to submit regulatory and commercial documents to respective government ministries and agencies. However, promises of increased efficiency are hindered by pain points and challenges, such as the lack of interoperability among agencies, persistence of outdated processes and limited visibility and traceability of shipped goods. By exploring the application of new technology blockchain in the trade single windows network, this White Paper outlines the current obstacles governments face in implementing and maintaining single windows, and the potential for blockchain to address those issues while understanding the experimental nature of the technology. The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Inter-American Development Bank, its Board of Directors, or the countries they represent.
Published 2020
Trade and Integration Monitor 2020: The COVID-19 Shock: Building Trade Resilience for After the Pandemic
The Trade and Integration Monitor 2020 analyzes how trade has contracted during the COVID-19 pandemic and focuses on the reforms needed to enable the region to take part in the trade and investment flows that will emerge after the crisis. Countries in the region should make decisive moves toward an ambitious agenda of international integration policies if they are to capture new investments and take advantage of nearshoring opportunities. The pandemic has exposed challenges that point clearly to a need to make headway on the institutional strengthening of export promotion and investment attraction agencies, trade facilitation and the modernization of customs, the diversification of the services sector, and trade digitalization.
Published 2024
Gobierno Digital
La revolución digital ya está presente en muchos aspectos de nuestra vida, ¿y en nuestros gobiernos? Para seguir el ritmo de ciudadanos hiperconectados y del comercio que ahora es cada vez más digital, los gobiernos no se pueden quedar atrás. Muchos países tienen un alto nivel de interés: el 75% de gobiernos ya cuentan con una estrategia de gobierno digital. Sin embargo, estos esfuerzos no se han traducido a la práctica ya que en 2017, solo el 7% ciudadanos latinoamericanos hizo un trámite en línea.
Published 2022
Cross-Border Intra-Firm Trade and the Propagation of Idiosyncratic Shocks: A New Dataset
We study how disruptions in international production networks propagate across countries. We use comprehensive data on natural disasters around the globe over the last two decades from the EM-DAT and SHELDUS database to identify exogenous shocks to sourcing foreign inputs. We then trace out the effect of these shocks on activity of multinationals located in the United States. and their network of foreign affiliates using U.S. Bill of Lading microdata and data on domestic and international ownership linkages from Orbis. Our findings indicate that major natural disasters can have an economically significant negative impact even far from the directly affected areas. Furthermore, the strength of the propagation depends on whether the shocks led to disruptions in intra-firm or arms-length trade. This technical note provides detailed information on the construction of the novel dataset used in Alviarez et al. (2021).
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