RESEARCH DEPARTMENT
Research Department - homepage banner_v04_ENG_1.png

The IDB has researchers in many departments producing working papers on economic and social topics. Many of these documents constitute background research for the IDB’s flagship publication "Development in the Americas" prepared by the Research Department. In addition, the IDB finances and mentors studies conducted by other institutions in order to build knowledge and research capacity. All IDB working papers are peer reviewed and meet high editorial standards.

 

2022 LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN MACROECONOMIC REPORT: From Recovery to Renaissance - Turning Crisis into Opportunity

2022 Macro Report

Coordinated by Eduardo Cavallo, Arturo Galindo, Victoria Nuguer and Andrew Powell

  • Economic growth in Latin America and the Caribbean was stronger than expected in 2021 but waned at the start of 2022. The surge in commodity prices due to the war between Russia and Ukraine will provide a boost to exporters, while imposing significant costs on commodity importers and pushing up inflation across countries.

  • The ongoing conflict, together with policy normalization in advanced economies, carries significant risks for the region. Volatility in financial markets could depress investment and bring down growth further. Policymakers need to take urgent measures to mitigate risk and boost inclusive growth. As minor fixes are unlikely to result in notable benefits, governments should consider more ambitious resets of policy frameworks.

  • This report analyzes growth prospects, fiscal and monetary policy, and the outlook for the external sector. The recommendations stress the need for a new fiscal and labor market architecture. Policymakers should seize the window of opportunity provided by the crisis to improve the outlook for the region.

Download

DIA 2021: TRUST - The Key to Social Cohesion and Growth in Latin America and the Caribbean

TRUST The Key to Social Cohesion and Growth in Latin America and the Caribbean

Edited by Philip Keefer and Carlos Scartascini

  • Trust is a tremendous opportunity for countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. By making trust a goal of public policy, and not simply its byproduct, countries can accelerate growth and employment. Decisions to invest, employ, produce, buy, or sell all depend on trust. The most productive, skilled, and innovative individuals have greater economic opportunities in high-trust societies. Greater trust will unleash growth.
  • Mistrust in the private sector is an obstacle to inclusive growth. It is well known that the business sector tends to distrust governments, and this hurts investment and productivity. A survey of thousands of export-oriented firms in the region reveals that distrust within firms is also an obstacle to investment and innovation.
  • Mistrust in the public sector is an obstacle to inclusive growth. Trust in governments is low in the region. Our study finds that the lack of trust makes it difficult for citizens to demand better public policies and services. A survey of thousands of public officials revealed that mistrust within public agencies, and their mistrust of citizens, reduces public sector capacity to serve citizen needs.
  • Restoring trust depends on information and empowerment. Citizens do not trust government when they are uninformed about what government is doing for them, and when they have little capacity to act together to hold government accountable. Firms do not trust each other when they can do little about opportunistic behavior. Governments should inform and empower to restore trust.

Download

LATEST BLOG POSTS

Tackling Informality for Fiscal Health in the Post-Pandemic Period
Tackling Informality for Fiscal Health in the Post-Pandemic Period

After significant efforts by Latin American and Caribbean governments to shore up businesses and households during the COVID-19 pandemic, the region in 2021 had a very high average fiscal deficit of 5% of GDP, more than two percentage points higher than before the pandemic. It also had a soaring average debt ratio of 70% of […]

The post Tackling Informality for Fiscal Health in the Post-Pandemic Period appeared first on Ideas Matter.

Closing Gender Gaps in the Southern Cone: The Path for Growth
Closing Gender Gaps in the Southern Cone: The Path for Growth

As the COVID-19 pandemic struck the Southern Cone countries of Latin America, gender equality gaps, already far too wide, suffered real setbacks, reflecting the fragility of the gains made in recent years. Women took on most of the additional workload at home due to the closure of schools and care facilities, and their participation in […]

The post Closing Gender Gaps in the Southern Cone: The Path for Growth appeared first on Ideas Matter.

Face-Ageing Technology to Boost Fitness, Savings, and Other Positive Behaviors
Face-Ageing Technology to Boost Fitness, Savings, and Other Positive Behaviors

No matter how old we are, it is hard to imagine getting older. We are biased towards our present self and disconnected from our future one, stinting on our pension contributions, underinvesting in our education, and eating and exercising poorly with the mistaken feeling that the future will never catch up with us.  This present […]

The post Face-Ageing Technology to Boost Fitness, Savings, and Other Positive Behaviors appeared first on Ideas Matter.

Latest Publications

Latest Events