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Violence and Crime Prevention
EN

Project Detail

Country

Costa Rica

Project Number

TC9808025

Approval Date

February 22, 1999

Project Status

Closed

Project Type

Technical Cooperation

Sector

SOCIAL INVESTMENT

Subsector

SOCIAL INVESTMENT

Lending Instrument

-

Lending Instrument Code

-

Modality

-

Facility Type

-

Environmental Classification

-

Total Cost

USD 66,000.00

Country Counterpart Financing

USD 12,000.00

Original Amount Approved

USD 54,000.00

Financial Information
Operation Number Lending Type Reporting Currency Reporting Date Signed Date Fund Financial Instrument
ATN/SG-6395-CR Sovereign Guaranteed USD - United States Dollar Swedish Fund Gov, State Rfrm and Civ Soc Nonreimbursable
Operation Number ATN/SG-6395-CR
  • Lending Type: Sovereign Guaranteed
  • Reporting Currency: USD - United States Dollar
  • Reporting Date:
  • Signed Date:
  • Fund: Swedish Fund Gov, State Rfrm and Civ Soc
  • Financial Instrument: Nonreimbursable
Publications
Published 2021
Approach Paper: Evaluation of IDB Support in the Area of Citizen Security and Justice in the Region
The 2021 work program of the Office of Evaluation and Oversight (OVE) of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) included an evaluation of IDB support in the area of citizen security and justice (CSJ) in the region. Recognizing the renewed effort being made by the IDB to support government policies and programs in the sector, and in view of the fact that fear for personal safety remains an urgent problem for development and a priority for the Bank's member countries, the work program (document RE-551-1) proposed an evaluation to update OVE's prior work on this issue. This evaluation seeks to build on and add value to the previous evaluations. Accordingly, since the 2014 evaluation acknowledged the adequacy and relevance of the IDB's strategic approach in the CSJ area, and this approach has not changed substantially in recent years, nor have the major CSJ needs of the countries changed, this evaluation will focus on the alignment of the operations program with the areas of intervention identified in the IDB Group strategic documents on CSJ, the outcomes of the operations in each area of intervention, and the sustainability of the outcomes achieved thus far.
Publications
Published 2021
Combating Crime in Latin America and the Caribbean: What Public Policies Do Citizens Want?
Crime is a major problem in Latin America and the Caribbean. With 9 percent of the world's population, the region accounts for 33 percent of global homicides. Using new, extensive survey data, we endeavor to identify what anti-crime policies citizens in the region demand from their governments. We also analyze who is demanding what and why. We find that harsher penalties appear to be the preferred weapon in the anti-crime arsenal but people are willing to spend public moneys not only for punishment, but also for anti-poverty and detection policies. Citizens recognize that allocating resources to the police is better than subsidizing private security for citizens. Nevertheless, most oppose raising taxes to fund the police, a reluctance that might stem from mistrust in governments' ability to manage these resources. Mistrust, misinformation, and impatience combine to create flawed anti-crime policy. Educating citizens both about crime and about the fiscal consequences of their policy preferences may help move the region's public opinion toward a better policy equilibrium. Governments should also invest in their capability to design and deliver evidence-based solutions for fighting crime, and work to increase trust levels among citizens.
Blogs
Published 2023
How Bank Robberies Stoke Financial Digitalization in Brazil
The bank robberies sweeping the small towns of Brazil are swift and destructive. Teams of ten people or more from sophisticated crime syndicates hit a bank in the middle of the night, blowing open its vaults, seizing its cash, and destroying the rest of its physical infrastructure with explosives. By the time local inhabitants have
Publications
Published 2021
Research Insights: Does the Framing of Information on Crime Rates Affect Citizens' Preferences for Anti-Crime Policies?
Anti-crime policy preferences can be swayed by the framing of crime rate information. Both framing information as an upward trend in crime or a downward trend in crime increased demands for punitive policies as opposed to social policies, when compared to a control group that received no information. Individuals with no previous information about crime rates were more affected by the treatments than those who were familiar with crime rates in the country.
Publications
Published 2020
The Evolution of Citizen Security in Colombia in Times of COVID-19
This technical note examines the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on crime and law enforcement dynamics in Colombia. The analysis uses administrative data on police reports and arrests for different types of offenses. It applies a “difference-in-differences” model, comparing the number of reports and arrests during the quarantine against their pre-quarantine trend. The results show a marked decline in homicides, motor vehicle theft, and other theft types in the initial weeks of the quarantine. The strong initial declines attenuated over time. The results reveal differences in crime dynamics between different regions of the country. The analysis also shows how COVID-19 modified police activity: arrests for offenses such as homicide and robbery decreased, and arrests due to threats to public health increased. This article contributes to a growing number of studies on the pandemics social impact and provides data and tools to inform citizen security and criminal justice policies.
Courses
Published 2023
Líderes para la gestión en seguridad ciudadana y justicia
Las altas tasas de crimen y violencia son dos de los principales problemas que afectan a los ciudadanos de América Latina y el Caribe, por lo cual las políticas públicas de seguridad ciudadana y justicia se encuentran priorizados en las agendas de los gobiernos de la región. Para mejorar la efectividad de estas políticas es imprescindible contar con una sociedad civil informada que vele porque los derechos sociales se respeten y el estado de derecho se cumpla bajo un régimen de gobernanza democrática. De ahí la importancia de poner a disposición del público en general este material que permite conocer tanto los conceptos teóricos como lo que actualmente se está haciendo en la práctica en cuanto a la implementación de políticas de seguridad ciudadana y justicia en la región.
Publications
Published 2020
Tempering the Taste for Vengeance: Information about Prisoners and Policy Choices in Chile
Punitive anti-crime policies in the Americas have contributed to steadily increasing rates of incarceration. This creates prison overcrowding and can lead to recidivism. Harsh penalties are often demanded by citizens, making them politically attractive for politicians. Yet the contextual determinants of participation in crime are rarely understood by the public. In this paper, we employ a survey experiment conducted in Chile in order to examine how the provision of information about the prison population shapes tastes for punitive anti-crime policies. Respondents in the treatment group received information about the low educational attainment of prisoners. This information led to substantial changes in policy preferences. Tasked with allocating resources to anti-crime policies using a fixed budget, treated respondents assigned between 20% to 50% more to socially oriented anti-crime policies (relative to punitive policies) than respondents in the control group, and they reduced their support for “iron fist” policing. This indicates that providing information to citizens might change the policy equilibrium in the Americas.
Blogs
Published 2022
Policiamento em Pontos Quentes: participe da iniciativa que vai testar o modelo no Brasil
Entre as novas abordagens que vêm surgindo em diversas partes no mundo para contribuir para o aperfeiçoamento da segurança pública, destaca-se o Policiamento em Pontos Quentes (PPQ). Trata-se de um modelo em expansão em diversas partes do mundo, e com muito potencial para o Brasil. Para testá-lo na prática, a equipe de Segurança Cidadã do
Blogs
Published 2022
Tráfico de pessoas na América Latina e no Caribe: respostas multissetoriais para um crime complexo
O tráfico de pessoas é um crime complexo, de difícil detecção, que atinge quase 50 milhões de pessoas, segundo estimativas globais de escravidão moderna para o ano de 2021, o que representa um aumento de 10 milhões de pessoas nos últimos cinco anos. Dessas 50 milhões de pessoas, 27,6 milhões são forçadas a trabalhar contra
Blogs
Published 2023
Como promover o uso de evidências científicas para reduzir a criminalidade e a violência?
O mundo está cheio de políticas públicas baseadas em boas intenções, mas que nem sempre geram resultados positivos, que desperdiçam recursos públicos valiosos e que, por vezes, podem até piorar a situação que estavam tentando resolver. É por isso que o trabalho profissional não pode se basear apenas em boas intenções. Um médico, por exemplo,
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