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Mexico's Cooperation, Human Resourses
EN

Project Detail

Country

Brazil

Project Number

TC8603236

Approval Date

February 13, 1986

Project Status

Closed

Project Type

Technical Cooperation

Sector

SOCIAL INVESTMENT

Subsector

SOCIAL INVESTMENT

Lending Instrument

-

Lending Instrument Code

-

Modality

-

Facility Type

-

Environmental Classification

-

Total Cost

USD 6,700.00

Country Counterpart Financing

USD 0.00

Original Amount Approved

USD 6,700.00

Financial Information
Operation Number Lending Type Reporting Currency Reporting Date Signed Date Fund Financial Instrument
ATN/SF-2559-BR(43) Sovereign Guaranteed USD - United States Dollar Fund for Special Operations Nonreimbursable
Operation Number ATN/SF-2559-BR(43)
  • Lending Type: Sovereign Guaranteed
  • Reporting Currency: USD - United States Dollar
  • Reporting Date:
  • Signed Date:
  • Fund: Fund for Special Operations
  • Financial Instrument: Nonreimbursable
Publications
Published 2023
Connexa: No. 20: Diciembre, 2023: síntesis trimestral de información y datos sobre integración y comercio
En esta edición de Connexa se presenta un resumen del desempeño del sector externo de América Latina y el Caribe (ALC) a lo largo de 2023, detallando el comportamiento de variables clave para las exportaciones de bienes como los precios de los productos básicos, la demanda global, los fletes y los tipos de cambio. Asimismo, se analiza el comportamiento de la inversión extranjera directa. En el ámbito de los acuerdos comerciales, se presentan los avances de la región en las negociaciones tanto intra como extrarregionales.
Publications
Published 2024
Lo metropolitano: escala, complejidad y gobernanza
¿Cómo definimos la unidad territorial metropolitana? ¿Cómo establecemos límites territoriales que garantizan la integración de sus sistemas ecológicos y sociales? ¿Cómo gestionamos los flujos migratorios y los condicionantes del cambio climático que ejercen presión sobre las infraestructuras metropolitanas? En los últimos años, la literatura de desarrollo ha revelado conflictos emergentes de las metrópolis de América Latina y el Caribe. Las preguntas parecen ser simples y de naturaleza apremiante, pero las respuestas implican desafíos críticos de conocimiento y coordinación institucional. Por ejemplo, reconocemos que las personas se mueven, interactúan y satisfacen sus necesidades más allá de los límites político-administrativos, pero no existen suficientes arreglos institucionales que consideren conjuntamente los sistemas de movilidad y la distribución de servicios y bienes territoriales. Esta publicación nos invita a revisar nuevamente la forma en que hemos delimitado la Unidad Territorial Metropolitana. Los contenidos se organizan en tres capítulos que avanzan hacia la construcción de una gobernanza sensible a su escala y complejidad dentro de la región. El primero reflexiona sobre la escala, incluyendo perspectivas históricas y técnicas, como la incorporación de tecnologías que actualizan datos geoespaciales de ocupación y cambio de uso de suelo. El segundo profundiza en las dimensiones de complejidad e intersectorialidad, como la economía, la movilidad, la equidad, el cambio climático, la salud, la calidad de vida y los desafíos de la migración. El tercero se nutre del conocimiento acumulado para recorrer aspectos claves de la gobernanza metropolitana y su sostenibilidad fiscal. Por último, la revisión de experiencias internacionales entrega lecciones sobre las distintas formas en que se ha asumido la unidad metropolitana dentro de las infraestructuras institucionales. Es necesario anticipar aspectos claves de la escala y las dimensiones necesarias para construir acuerdos institucionales efectivos. La invitación es a definir antes de formular una gobernanza metropolitana.
Blogs
Published 2023
The Multiplier Effect of the Screen Industries in Latin America – Argentina, Brazil, Colombia and Mexico
Latin America has extensive and incomparable competitive advantages. Within just a few kilometres, you can find mountains with snow-capped peaks, deserts, rainforests, beaches, volcanoes and ancient cities, as well as countless stories that reflect our region’s cultural diversity. By telling the stories and history of Latin America through content, the screen industries, which includes TV
Blogs
Published 2023
Los jóvenes, los agentes del cambio que necesitamos  
Hace poco escuché a un docente latinoamericano que hizo una pregunta con algo de humor: – “¿los estudiantes nacen con un interés natural por la historia de los fenicios?” La respuesta que dio -y yo resumo- es esta: – “no, a ese interés hay que generarlo, porque sin interés no hay esfuerzo ni aprendizaje”. Diría
Publications
Published 2021
The State as a Reliable Payer: Structuring of Guarantees and Other Payment Instruments to Attract High-Quality Investments in Latin America and the Caribbean
The Discussion Papers PPP Americas 2021 are a series of documents written to prepare for PPP Americas tenth edition. The event is the most important forum on Public-Private Partnerships (PPP) of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), organized every two years by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB). Driven by PPP Americas 2021, we gathered eight thematic groups were, with specialists, professionals, consultants, and scholars engaged directly in the preparation, identification, structuration, and management of PPP infrastructure projects in countries of the region. IDB specialists coordinated the groups to review the main hot topics on PPP projects for social and economic infrastructure, aiming to exchange experiences, debate successful cases and lessons learned. The present Discussion Paper, “The State as a Reliable Payer,” collects the main conclusions and recommendations discussed by the group and intends to consolidate a knowledge exchange environment in infrastructure and PPP inside the region, offering best practices on structuring guarantees and other payment instruments to attract high-quality investments in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Publications
Published 2019
Stylized Urban Transportation Facts in Latin America and the Caribbean
The urban population in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) has increased significantly over the last decades. Currently, almost 80 percent of the LAC population lives in cities, that is, more than 525 million people, and this trend is projected to continue. More people mean more cars. Motorization rates in the region keep rising while the share of public transportation is decreasing. Financial sustainability of the urban public transport sector in LAC is at stake. Most service providers do not cover their own operational costs and the productivity of public transportation has stagnated (or even decreased) over time. This represents a challenging scenario for improving transport services in the region, especially from a quality dimension. People in LAC travel shorter distances but their commute time is longer than in developed countries. Surveys show that users in the region are dissatisfied with public transport quality, not only with commute times but also in terms of comfort and cleanliness and the fares they pay. Women are particularly affected, as they rely more heavily on public transport than men. Moreover, the effects on CO2 emissions are notable, compromising environmental sustainability. Electromobility is still far from being a reality in the region. The stylized facts presented below describe a challenging scenario for urban transportation in LAC. This includes up-to-date information on the current challenges, risks, and tradeoffs the region faces if current mobility patterns remain unchanged.
Publications
Published 2021
Estadísticas tributarias de América Latina y el Caribe 2021
Este informe compila estadísticas comparables de ingresos fiscales durante el período 1990-2019 para 27 economías de América Latina y el Caribe. Basado en la base de datos de Estadísticas de Ingresos de la OCDE, aplica la metodología de la OCDE a países de América Latina y el Caribe para permitir la comparación de los niveles impositivos y las estructuras impositivas de manera consistente, tanto entre las economías de la región como con otras economías. Esta publicación es realizada conjuntamente por el Centro de Política y Administración Tributaria de la OCDE, el Centro de Desarrollo de la OCDE, el Centro Interamericano de Administraciones Tributarias, la Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL) y el Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo. La edición 2021 se produce con el apoyo del Fondo regional de desarrollo de la UE para el desarrollo en transición para América Latina y el Caribe, que resulta del trabajo conjunto liderado por la Unión Europea, la OCDE y su Centro de Desarrollo y la CEPAL.
Publications
Published 2021
Tecnolatinas 2021: The LAC Startup Ecosystem Comes of Age
A startup revolution is unfolding in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). Latin entrepreneurs are demonstrating world-class vision, business skills, and grit. They are transforming our lives for the better, generating jobs at scale, and delivering massive value for their shareholders. There are 1,005 technology companies born in the region that raised over $1 million. These companies are collectively worth $221 billion, raised $28 billion, include 28 companies worth more than $1 billion, and have over 245,000 employees. Accelerated growth has been witnessed throughout the broader ecosystem. Its value multiplied by 32 times in the last decade, going from an estimated $7 billion in 2010 to $221 billion in 2020. Most of the growth took place in the past four years. Tecnolatinas have shown they can grow and prosper even in difficult contexts: while their value grew from $7 billion to $221 billion in the last decade, the leading 40 publicly-listed traditional companies from across the region saw their market capitalization fall by $489 billion. The revolution is accelerating: the time to achieve a $1 billion valuation has been steadily decreasing with the help of digital technologies and solutions, such as mobile and cloud computing, and more mature ecosystems. While it took decades for pioneers such as Totvs to achieve that value, the latest unicorns (such as C6, Loft, Ualá) achieved that status less than three years after they were founded. Geographic strategies vary across LAC: while Brazilian startups focus on their local market, startups from the rest of the region are forced to internationalize in order to scale. In Brazil, 83% of the Tecnolatinas have local strategies and represent 74% of the ecosystem value. Outside Brazil, 49% of the Tecnolatinas have local footprints, but they only represent 5% of the ecosystem value, with the other 95% of value coming from the 51% of companies with regional or global strategies. The need for internationalization partly explains the asymmetry between Brazil and the rest of LAC and represents a challenge for entrepreneurs and local policymakers that calls for regional collaboration. Fintech and E-commerce represent 72% of the ecosystem value and are the leading sectors across the region in terms of value. But startup activity is spreading across sectors and we identified 16 sectors with companies worth more than $500 million. The Tecnolatinas ecosystem is poised for continued growth and can play a critical role in building a future of abundance, inclusion, and regeneration in LAC. A valuation of over $2 trillion and more than $30 billion of annual venture capital investments by 2030 would be consistent with international benchmarks and with LACs current trajectory. We highlight eight levers to achieve this potential: igniting unactivated countries, activating Deep Tech, activating medium-sized metropolitan areas, facilitating internationalization, strengthening corporate VC, scaling immature digital sectors, increasing focus on inclusion and regeneration, and increasing female representation. The study is divided into four chapters. The first chapter provides an ecosystem overview. It shows that the LAC startup revolution is exploding and has reached a scale and relevance that turns it into a powerful engine of transformation and a force to be reckoned with; the second chapter analyzes the geographic strategies of the Tecnolatinas; the third chapter presents the sectors that dominate ecosystem activity; and the fourth chapter explores future growth potential and new frontiers for the development of the ecosystem.
Blogs
Published 2023
Como enfrentar o desafio de reduzir as desigualdades educacionais no Brasil
Estabelecer processos adequados para a matrícula e alocação de estudantes. Apoiar famílias nos processos de tomada de decisão sobre a educação dos filhos. Desenvolver habilidades socioemocionais. Formar docentes para lidar com vieses e expectativas. Esses são apenas alguns caminhos que as secretarias de educação podem trilhar para tornar a educação mais inclusiva no Brasil. A
Blogs
Published 2024
Conexiones inteligentes para la transición energética en América Latina y el Caribe
Durante las últimas dos décadas se ha presentado un crecimiento significativo de las energías renovables en nuestra región. Esta revolución fue liderada inicialmente por Brasil, Chile y México, que en su momento se beneficiaron de economías de escala cuando el costo de la electricidad de estas fuentes disminuyo, algo que se replicó posteriormente en otros
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