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University Development Program

Project Detail



Project Number


Approval Date

December 28, 1973

Project Status


Project Type

Technical Cooperation





Lending Instrument


Lending Instrument Code




Facility Type


Environmental Classification


Total Cost

USD 80,000.00

Country Counterpart Financing

USD 30,500.00

Original Amount Approved

USD 49,500.00

Financial Information
Operation Number Lending Type Reporting Currency Reporting Date Signed Date Fund Financial Instrument
ATC/SF-1269-PE Sovereign Guaranteed USD - United States Dollar Fund for Special Operations Contingency Recuperation Grant
Operation Number ATC/SF-1269-PE
  • Lending Type: Sovereign Guaranteed
  • Reporting Currency: USD - United States Dollar
  • Reporting Date:
  • Signed Date:
  • Fund: Fund for Special Operations
  • Financial Instrument: Contingency Recuperation Grant

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Implementation Phase
Informe Final del Consejo Nacional de la Universidad Peruana.pdf
Published Aug. 03, 2021
Plan de Operaciones - Desarrollo Universitario - Consejo Nacional de la Universidad Peruana.pdf
Published Aug. 02, 2021

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Published 2021
Research Insights: Can Good Peers Hurt?: The Effect of Top Students on Girls' Educational Outcomes
Exposure to good peers of either sex during middle school reduces the probability that top-performing girls are placed in one of their preferred high schools. High-achieving boys have a detrimental effect on the selectiveness of the schools in which top female students are placed. These placement effects are driven by both lower admission scores and weakened preferences for selective and academic schools. Exposure to high-achieving girls improves the admission exam scores of poor-performing girls. This protective effect on scores translates into an average increase in the selectivity of the high schools in which low-performing girls are placed.
Published 2021
The Local Human Capital Costs of Oil Exploitation
This paper explores the impacts of oil exploitation on human capital accumulation at the local level in Colombia, a resource-rich developing country. We provide evidence based on detailed spatial and temporal data on oil exploitation and education, using the number of wells drilled as an intensity treatment at the school level. To find causal estimates we rely on an instrumental variable approach that exploits the exogeneity of international oil prices and a proxy of oil endowments at the local level. Our results indicate that oil has a negative impact on human capital since it reduces enrollment in higher education. Furthermore, it generates a delay in the decision to enroll in higher education and leads students to prefer technical areas of study and programs in social science, business, and law. However, we do not find any effects on quality or tertiary education completion. Our results are robust to a number of relevant specification changes and we stress the role of local markets and spillovers as the main transmission channel. In particular, we find that higher oil production causes an increase in formal wages but that there is no premium to tertiary education enrollment.
Published 2021
Educación superior y COVID-19 en América Latina y el Caribe: financiamiento para los estudiantes
La irrupción del COVID 19 ha impactado la educación superior en América Latina. La crisis económica desatada por la pandemia tiene el potencial de afectar la matrícula universitaria en la región. De no contar con herramientas complementarias de subsidio y financiamiento, muchos estudiantes no podrán acceder o desertarán de la educación superior. Esta nota técnica recoge y analiza las medidas que los principales actores del financiamiento de la educación superior -Gobiernos, Instituciones de Crédito Educativo (ICE) e Instituciones de Educación Superior (IES)- tomaron para apoyar a los estudiantes durante el 2020, y explora diferentes alternativas y políticas para ayudar a los países a re-imaginar los sistemas de financiamiento. Para esto, se realizó una encuesta regional a Gobiernos, ICE e IES en 11 países de la región: Argentina, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras, México, Perú, República Dominicana y Uruguay. En la región fueron desplegadas diversas estrategias financieras y no financieras de ayuda a los estudiantes. Sin embargo, condiciones estructurales de los sistemas de educación superior, como altas tasas de matrícula privada con amplias restricciones de los gobiernos para el apoyo directo a las universidades privadas, y alta dependencia de las universidades públicas a las transferencias de los gobiernos y al pago de matrículas en las privadas en un contexto económico desfavorable, limitan las acciones e imponen riesgos a la sostenibilidad de muchas iniciativas y estrategias emprendidas. Son necesarios en la región más y mejores instrumentos de financiamiento para la educación superior, que incentiven la matricula, sean financieramente sostenibles y propendan por aumentar la calidad de los programas.
Published 2021
The Impacts of Remote Learning in Secondary Education: Evidence from Brazil during the Pandemic
The goal of this paper is to document the pedagogic impacts of the remote learning strategy used by an state department of education in Brazil during the pandemic. We found that dropout risk increased by 365% under remote learning. While risk increased with local disease activity, most of it can be attributed directly to the absence of in-person classes: we estimate that dropout risk increased by no less than 247% across the State, even at the low end of the distribution of per capita Covid-19 cases. Average standardized test scores decreased by 0.32 standard deviation, as if students had only learned 27.5% of the in-person equivalent under remote learning. Learning losses did not systematically increase with local disease activity, attesting that they are in fact the outcome of remote learning, rather than a consequence of other health or economic impacts of Covid-19. Authorizing schools to partially reopen for in-person classes increased high-school students test scores by 20% relative to the control group.
Published 2021
Curbing Grand Corruption in the Contracting Out of Public Services: Lessons from a Pilot Study of the School Meals Program in Colombia
Do targeted transparency interventions reduce corrupt behavior when corrupt actors are few and politically influential; their behavior imposes small costs on numerous individuals; and corrupt behavior is difficult to observe? Results from a study of informal audits and text messages to parents, meant to curb corruption in the School Meals Program of Colombia, suggests that they can. Theory is pessimistic that transparency interventions can change the behavior of actors who exert significant influence over supervisory authorities. Moreover, inherent methodological obstacles impede the identification of treatment effects. Results substantiate the presence of these obstacles, especially considerable spillovers from treated to control groups. Despite spillovers, we find that parental and operator behavior are significantly different between treatment and control groups. Additional evidence explains why operator behavior changed: out of concern that systematic evidence of corrupt behavior would trigger enforcement actions by high-level enforcement agencies outside of the political jurisdictions where they are most influential.
Published 2021
Good Peers Have Asymmetric Gendered Effects on Female Educational Outcomes: Experimental Evidence from Mexico
This study examines the gendered effects of early and sustained exposure to high-performing peers on female educational trajectories. Exploiting random allocation to classrooms within middle schools, we measure the effect of male and female high performers on girls' high school placement outcomes. We disentangle two channels through which peers of either sex can play a role: academic performance and school preferences. We also focus on the effects of peers along the distribution of baseline academic performance. Exposure to good peers of either sex reduces the degree to which high-achieving girls seek placement in more-selective schools. High-achieving boys have particularly strong, negative effects on high-performing girls' admission scores and preferences for more-selective schools. By contrast, high-achieving girls improve low-performing girls' placement outcomes, but exclusively through a positive effect on exam scores.
Published 2021
Research Insights: How Much Has Human Mobility Been Reduced by Social Distancing Policies in Latin America and the Caribbean?
The lockdowns implemented in Latin America and the Caribbean in March 2020 reduced the share of people who travel more than 1 km (about 0.6 miles) per day by 10 percentage points during the 15 days following its implementation. The effects of the lockdowns declined over time: the effect amounted to 12 percentage points during the first week and to 9 percentage points during the second week of the implementation of the lockdowns. In contrast, school closures reduced mobility by only 5 percentage points, and no effects were found for bar and restaurant closures or the cancellation of public events. The results suggest that lockdowns are a tool that can produce reductions in mobility quickly. This is important given the expectation that reduced mobility slows the spread of COVID-19.
Published 2022
Digitalizar los servicios públicos: oportunidades para América Latina y el Caribe
La pandemia de la COVID-19 ha acelerado la transformación digital y ha puesto a nuestro alcance la posibilidad de mejorar drásticamente los servicios públicos para millones de personas en América Latina y el Caribe. ¿Cómo pueden los gobiernos aprovechar la tecnología digital para aumentar la eficiencia del Estado e impulsar el desarrollo inclusivo? Este informe revisa la evidencia sobre las opciones de políticas disponibles en educación, salud, trámites públicos y gestión fiscal, ofreciendo análisis de costo-beneficio que permitirán a los gobiernos establecer prioridades en sus esfuerzos de digitalización. Los responsables políticos tienen en sus manos una oportunidad única para desplegar herramientas digitales con el potencial de transformar los servicios públicos en la región. Las lecciones de este informe pueden servir de guía en este viaje.
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