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Emergency & Economic Recovery Program II
EN

Project Detail

Country

Haiti

Project Number

HA0050

Approval Date

November 29, 1995

Project Status

Closed

Project Type

Grant Financing Product

Sector

SOCIAL INVESTMENT

Subsector

SOCIAL INVESTMENT

Lending Instrument

Préstamo de Inversión

Lending Instrument Code

INV

Modality

ESP (Specific Investment Operation)

Facility Type

-

Environmental Classification

-

Total Cost

USD 52,500,000.00

Country Counterpart Financing

USD 2,500,000.00

Original Amount Approved

USD 50,000,000.00

Financial Information
Operation Number Lending Type Reporting Currency Reporting Date Signed Date Fund Financial Instrument
962/SF-HA Sovereign Guaranteed USD - United States Dollar Fund for Special Operations Concessional Financing
Operation Number 962/SF-HA
  • Lending Type: Sovereign Guaranteed
  • Reporting Currency: USD - United States Dollar
  • Reporting Date:
  • Signed Date:
  • Fund: Fund for Special Operations
  • Financial Instrument: Concessional Financing

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Closed Phase
https://www.iadb.org/document.cfm?id=EZSHARE-1079845749-1368
Programa de Emergencia y Recuperacion Economica [1942827].DOC
Published Apr. 08, 2009
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Implementation Phase
https://www.iadb.org/document.cfm?id=EZSHARE-1484690064-9146
Emergency Economic Recovery Program - Second Phase [454860].PDF
Published Dec. 31, 1999
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https://www.iadb.org/document.cfm?id=EZSHARE-1484690064-9147
Programa de recuperación económica de emergencia - Segunda etapa [454861].PDF
Published Dec. 31, 1999
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Blogs
Published 2020
Cinco lecciones aprendidas en tiempos de emergencia para ayudar a enfrentar la crisis actual
Bajo la coyuntura actual, el Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo y muchas otras organizaciones han creado estrategias para lograr responder a la actual crisis de salud que se ha extendido a través de todo el mundo. Aunque las acciones de respuesta deben ser inmediatas, es importante detenerse y examinar los aprendizajes que se han documentado en
Publications
Published 2020
Lending Instruments Report
The 2019-2020 Work Program of the Office of Evaluation and Oversight (OVE) included an assessment of the financial instruments of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB). The objective of this assessment was to evaluate the extent to which the IDBs set of financial (and non-financial) instruments has been aligned wit hand effective in responding to the (changing) needs of clients. This first report is a knowledge product focused on sovereign-guaranteed (SG) lending instruments and modalities that takes stock of the findings of previous evaluations carried out by OVE. The purpose of the report is threefold: to provide summary information, based on OVEs past work, mainly for new members of the IDBs Board of Directors; to serve as a technical input for Board and Management discussions; and to identify information and knowledge gaps to inform OVEs upcoming work on financial instruments.
Publications
Published 2020
COVID-19 and Police Agency Operations in Latin America and the Caribbean
This study analyzes how the COVID-19 crisis is generating changes in police work and assesses its potential impact on the effectiveness and legitimacy of police forces in Latin America and the Caribbean. According to a standardized survey administered to 13 police agencies in the region between April 15 and 27, 2020, the majority of agencies have prepared and taken rapid measures to implement security protocols and plans for contingency, as well as provide officers with protective equipment. Agencies have continued to answer calls for service and make arrests, although their usual preventive and community actions have been reduced. The study reveals that, in many cases, there is little information available on the scope and limitations of the powers of the police to enforce the sanitary measures required of citizens in the context of the pandemic. The main conclusion of the study is the need to be alert to changes in the police service and the possible negative consequences of the reduction of proactive and community activities, even more so when there is little clarity about the mechanisms that the police have to implement and carry out compliance with new regulations.
Publications
Published 2020
Condiciones iniciales para la recuperación económica después del COVID-19: Un marco lógico y cuantitativo para los países de América Latina y el Caribe
La pandemia del COVID-19 ha desencadenado la mayor contracción económica mundial desde la Gran Depresión. Los gobiernos se enfrentan a la abrumadora tarea de diseñar políticas públicas en un entorno de gran incertidumbre. En esta nota técnica se propone un marco lógico y cuantitativo basado en principios ampliamente aceptados e información existente que puede proporcionar un punto de referencia adicional para el análisis de políticas. La premisa del marco que se presenta aquí es simple: identicar los canales clave que median los efectos del COVID-19 en la actividad económica y utilizar datos existentes y armonizados para entregar medidas cuantitativas con una justicación económica clara, los cuales son evaluados con base en variables clave (como crecimiento, desempleo y elasticidades empleo-crecimiento). Algunos resultados clave encontrados dentro de este marco son: (i) las condiciones iniciales para la recuperación en América Latina y el Caribe están por detrás de las del resto del mundo, y (ii) los principales contribuyentes al relativamente bajo potencial de recuperación son los factores nancieros y de oferta. La principal consecuencia en lo que reere a polítcas es que no existe una solución que se ajuste a todos los casos. Las intervenciones de política deben diseñarse en la medida de lo posible prestando atención a los factores especícos que limitan el potencial de recuperación.
Publications
Published 2020
Social Protection and Informality in Latin America during the COVID-19 Pandemic
Latin American governments swiftly implemented income assistance programs to sustain families' livelihoods during COVID-19 stay-at-home orders. This paper analyzes the potential coverage and generosity of these measures and assesses the suitability of current safety nets to deal with unexpected negative income shocks in 10 Latin American countries. The expansion of pre-existing programs (most notably conditional cash transfers and non-contributory pensions) during the COVID-19 crisis was generally insufficient to compensate for the inability to work among the poorest segments of the population. When COVID-19 ad hoc programs are analyzed, the coverage and replacement rates of regular labor income among households in the first quintile of the country's labor income distribution increase substantially. Yet, these programs present substantial coverage challenges among families composed of fundamentally informal workers who are non-poor, but are at a high risk of poverty. These results highlight the limitations of the fragmented nature of social protection systems in the region.
Publications
Published 2021
Inter-American Development Bank Annual Business Review 2020
The 2020 Annual Business Review (ABR) provides an overview of the IDB's performance on sovereign-guaranteed outputs and lending program priorities. The ABR identifies trend deviations from IDB portfolio targets to support Bank managements efforts to identify and implement corrective measures. This edition compiles data for all quarters in 2020.
Publications
Published 2021
Potencial de recuperación pospandemia: crédito bancario por sectores productivos en América Latina y el Caribe
El crédito productivo puede jugar un papel relevante en las condiciones de recuperación tras la crisis provocada por la pandemia. Entender cómo se ha comportado el crédito en la región y los factores que influyen en su comportamiento por sectores es esencial para orientar a los formuladores de políticas sobre las capacidades de recuperación de los sectores y las alternativas de focalización de los esfuerzos y apoyos a sectores específicos. Esta nota técnica desarrolla un marco analítico enfocado en la recuperación del crédito bancario a nivel de sectores, formulando un índice específico de recuperación potencial, que puede utilizarse para mejorar el diseño de las políticas públicas de apoyo a la recuperación del crédito por sectores productivos. El presente estudio confirma que existen mejores condiciones de recuperación para aquellas industrias con mayor acceso al crédito previo (medido por su apalancamiento), menor participación en la cartera comercial de la banca antes de la pandemia y mejor desempeño productivo durante la pandemia. Estas condiciones de recuperación se fundamentan en características respaldadas por la evidencia empírica de aquellos factores relevantes que afectan al crédito bancario. Los dos sectores con mayor potencial de recuperación del crédito bancario en la región, sobre la base de las limitantes prepandemia y de la posición durante la pandemia, son el sector de agricultura, silvicultura y pesca seguido por el sector de actividades inmobiliarias; por su parte, los sectores con menor potencial de recuperación autónoma del crédito son el comercio y las industrias manufactureras. Se sugieren alternativas en cuanto al diseño de las políticas de focalización y apoyo para los sectores específicos en un contexto de escasez de información, restricciones fiscales y limitación de los recursos presupuestarios.
Publications
Published 2021
Domestic Violence Reporting during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Evidence from Latin America
This article examines changes in the frequency and characteristics of domestic violence reports after the start of the pandemic and the imposition of mobility restrictions in six Latin American countries. The study uses three types of data sources: calls to domestic violence hotlines (for the City of Buenos Aires in Argentina, Colombia, and Peru); calls to emergency lines (for Ecuador, Lima in Peru, and Costa Rica); and police/legal complaints (for Colombia, Ecuador, and Uruguay). Data through June 2020 shows that the pandemic's impact on domestic violence reports varied significantly across countries, periods, types of violence, and reporting channels. Calls to domestic violence hotlines soared, but calls to emergency lines and police complaints fell (especially in the first weeks of the pandemic). Significantly distinct patterns are observed between reports of psychological and physical violence, and non-cohabitant and cohabitant violence. These patterns are consistent with the pandemic changing the relative incidence of different types of violence and altering the perceived costs of reporting them through alternative channels. Increases in calls to domestic violence hotlines suggest that this channel was best suited to respond to victims' needs during the pandemic. In turn, the drop in legal complaints and calls to comprehensive emergency lines are consistent with an increase in the perceived (relative) cost of using these channels. The findings reveal how the pandemic altered domestic violence victims' demand for institutional help and highlight the relevance of domestic violence hotlines as an accessible and valuable service.
Publications
Published 2021
10 Years School Construction in Haiti: Technical Learnings from a Multiple Construction Program
In the aftermath of the 2010 Haiti's earthquake, the Government of Haiti faced massive reconstruction needs in all sectors. As part of the response of the Government of Haiti to the massive reconstruction needs, from 2010 to 2020, the IDB designed a series of grant operations plus seven co-financings designed to support a wider School Reconstruction Program. These operations achieved the (re)construction of 90 public schools countrywide, which resulted in the creation of approximately 1,000 classrooms and 40,000 seats, providing a safer and comfortable learning environment for approximately 60,000 children each school year. The journey to complete the construction of the schools was not an easy one to achieve. From the onset, the education sector faced two big challenges: a technical one, how to design and build cost-efficient schools that are both hurricane and earthquake resistant; and an operational one: how to identify a strategy that permits to up-scale construction countrywide while assuring quality and controlling costs. This publication aims to present the lessons learned from the 10-year school construction program in Haiti.
Publications
Published 2022
Alcohol, Drug Use, and Road Traffic Injuries: A Multi-site Collaborative Study of Emergency Departments in the Dominican Republic and Peru
The objectives of this study are to report demographic and substanceuse characteristics and risk of road traffic injury from alcohol use, cannabis use, and combined use in a sample of emergency department patients from two countries in Latin America and the Caribbean: the Dominican Republic and Peru.
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