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Regulatory Framework for Public Transport and bus fleet renewal
EN

Project Detail

Country

Guatemala

Project Number

GU-T1148

Approval Date

August 10, 2009

Project Status

Closed

Project Type

Technical Cooperation

Sector

TRANSPORT

Subsector

TRANSPORT

Lending Instrument

-

Lending Instrument Code

-

Modality

-

Facility Type

-

Environmental Classification

Likely to cause minimal or no negative environmental and associated social impacts

Total Cost

USD 10,800.00

Country Counterpart Financing

USD 0.00

Original Amount Approved

USD 10,800.00

Financial Information
Operation Number Lending Type Reporting Currency Reporting Date Signed Date Fund Financial Instrument
ATN/SF-11719-GU Sovereign Guaranteed USD - United States Dollar Fund for Special Operations Nonreimbursable
Operation Number ATN/SF-11719-GU
  • Lending Type: Sovereign Guaranteed
  • Reporting Currency: USD - United States Dollar
  • Reporting Date:
  • Signed Date:
  • Fund: Fund for Special Operations
  • Financial Instrument: Nonreimbursable
Publications
Published 2022
Breve 24. The pharmaceutical price regulation in El Salvador
His policy brief is based on a webinar presented by Luis Alejandro Rivera, Chief of the Pricing Unit at the Dirección Nacional de Medicamentos (National Directorate of Medicines DNM) in El Salvador. The presentation was given on July 2019. Rising prices of medications are a global concern as healthcare expenditures soar and more patients are unable to access the medicines they need. El Salvador has managed to control and lower the price of prescription medicines for both innovator and generic medicines, while maintaining a well-functioning and cost-saving pharmaceutical market. This publication presents takeaways, such as price setting methods, the identification of appropriate market segments, and the introduction of online monitoring platforms, so that other policymakers may use them when introducing price regulation in their own pharmaceutical markets.
Publications
Published 2021
Rethinking the Global Microscope for Financial Inclusion: 2021 Key Findings Report
The Global Microscope is a benchmarking index that has assessed the enabling environment for financial inclusion across 55 countries since 2007. This year, the Economist Impact team conducted an assessment of the index's existing data (2007-20) to understand the relationship between key financial inclusion enablers (i.e. policies, regulation and infrastructure) and financial inclusion outcomes. This report discusses the policies that have driven change, the priorities to keep in mind for the future, the tools that will help achieve these goals and the unique ways these priorities and tools apply across different parts of the financial system. Below we summarize our key findings: - A higher overall Global Microscope score showed a positive relationship with the number of accounts with formal financial institutions and mobile money providers among the population. - The Infrastructure domain had the strongest relation to account ownership, documenting the positive effects on inclusion from policies facilitating the expansion of payment systems, strong digital identification regimes, widespread connectivity, and robust credit information systems. The other four domains are Government and Policy Support, Stability and Integrity, Products and Outlets, and Consumer Protection. - Consumer Protection was also positively linked to the prevalence of bank accounts, underscoring the importance of measures to ensure that financial consumers are treated fairly across the range of distribution channels and products. - The magnitude and quality of regulatory implementation significantly impacts financial inclusion. Larger regulatory improvements were associated with increasingly larger gains in account ownership. * The opinions expressed in this work are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the IDB, its Board of Directors or the countries they represent, nor of the MIF Donors Committee or the countries it represents.
Publications
Published 2021
Gestión sostenible de plásticos: análisis regulatorio y técnico en el marco de la iniciativa de economía circular en la Alianza del Pacífico y Ecuador
En la Declaración sobre Gestión Sostenible del Plástico (2019), los países miembros de la Alianza del Pacífico (AP), Colombia, Chile, México, y Perú, junto a Ecuador, tomaron la decisión de enfrentar la gestión de plásticos de manera sostenible, con un enfoque de economía circular. Insertado en este contexto, el presente estudio analiza y compara el escenario regulatorio y los incentivos fiscales y financieros implementados en la AP y Ecuador, en relación con la gestión del plástico. Asimismo, este estudio identifica las mejores prácticas y las brechas existentes en esta materia, establece un índice que permite comparar el carácter sostenible de la gestión de los plásticos en esos países, y entrega recomendaciones para que los incumbentes tomen informadas decisiones de políticas públicas para el uso y gestión sostenible de los plásticos.
Publications
Published 2021
Skills for Life: Stress and Brain Development in Early Childhood
Learning to cope with disappointments and overcoming obstacles is part of growing up. By conquering some challenges, children develop resilience. Such normal stressors may include initiating a new activity or separation from parents during preschool hours. However, when the challenges in early childhood are intensified by important stressors happening outside their own lives, they may start to worry about the safety of themselves and their families. This may cause chronic stress, which interferes with their emotional, cognitive, and social development. In developing country contexts, it is especially hard to capture promptly the effects of stressors related to the COVID-19 pandemic on childrens cognitive and socioemotional development. In this note, we draw on the literature on the effect of stress on brain development and examine data from a recent survey of households with young children carried out in four Latin American countries to offer suggestions for policy responses. We suggest that early childhood and education systems play a decisive role in assessing and addressing childrens mental health needs. In the absence of forceful policy responses on multiple fronts, the mental health outcomes may become lasting.
Publications
Published 2020
Informal and Semiformal Services in Latin America: An Overview of Public Transportation Reforms
The paper examines the integral role of semi-formal and informal transport services as viable and legitimate public transport options in Latin America. While the region is well-known as the “cradle of bus rapid transit,” the prevalence of semi-formal transport is often overlooked or scrutinized in a negative light. Based on the authors decades of experience as practitioners, using extensive literature review and six case studies, we critically analyze the advantages and disadvantages of bus reforms and alternative approaches such as mapping and use of technology.
Publications
Published 2020
Indicadores de gobernanza ambiental para América Latina y el Caribe
Un medio ambiente sano es crítico para la salud pública, la vitalidad de los ecosistemas y la sostenibilidad de las sociedades. La mayoría de los países apoyan esta visión y han adoptado un marco legislativo en materia ambiental o incorporado en sus constituciones el derecho a un medio ambiente sano. Sin embargo, a menudo la práctica queda rezagada con respecto a las leyes ambientales y hasta la fecha existen muy pocos datos para ayudar a comprender y abordar esta brecha. Los Indicadores de Gobernanza Ambiental para América Latina y el Caribe (IGA) representan el primer esfuerzo realizado para abordar este desafío mediante la medición del funcionamiento de la gobernanza ambiental en la práctica en diez países de la región: Argentina, Bolivia, Brasil, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Jamaica, Perú, República Dominicana y Uruguay. Los IGA proporcionan datos nuevos organizados en torno a 11 indicadores primarios de gobernanza ambiental para cada país: 1) Regulación y cumplimiento; 2) Participación ciudadana; 3) Derechos fundamentales ambientales y sociales; 4) Acceso y calidad de la justicia; 5) Calidad del aire y clima; 6) Recursos y calidad del agua; 7) Biodiversidad; 8) Bosques; 9) Océanos, mares y recursos marinos; 10) Gestión de residuos; y 11) Extracción y minería. Además, este informe presenta datos clave procedentes de terceros sobre el contexto de gobernanza, capacidad institucional, leyes y reglamentos, y desempeño ambiental de cada país, con el fin de ofrecer un panorama más completo de las cuestiones de contexto que inciden en el estado de la gobernanza ambiental o que son el resultado de ésta.
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