Skip to main content
Rural Roads II

Project Detail


El Salvador

Project Number


Approval Date

November 19, 1981

Project Status


Project Type

Loan Operation





Lending Instrument

Préstamo de Inversión

Lending Instrument Code



GOM (Global of Multiple Works Operation)

Facility Type


Environmental Classification


Total Cost

USD 30,800,000.00

Country Counterpart Financing

USD 0.00

Original Amount Approved

USD 30,800,000.00

Financial Information
Operation Number Lending Type Reporting Currency Reporting Date Signed Date Fund Financial Instrument
665/SF-ES Sovereign Guaranteed USD - United States Dollar Ordinary Capital Concessional Financing
Operation Number 665/SF-ES
  • Lending Type: Sovereign Guaranteed
  • Reporting Currency: USD - United States Dollar
  • Reporting Date:
  • Signed Date:
  • Fund: Ordinary Capital
  • Financial Instrument: Concessional Financing
Published 2021
Chimborazo Rural Investment Project: Rural Roads Component Impact Evaluation
This paper evaluates the impact of rural roads improvement works to benefit indigenous communities in the highlands of Ecuador, largely dependent on agriculture for their livelihoods. The findings suggest that the program had a positive impact on health and that it increased enrollment in secondary education. We find no evidence that treated households increased their investment in plot improvements and agricultural inputs. However, household members are more likely to report self-employment in agriculture as their main occupation. The effect on agricultural output and sales was positive but not statistically significant. Finally, there is no evidence that the program had any positive effect on overall household income, female empowerment and food security.
Published 2019
Infrastructure for Development - Vol. 4, No. 2: How to Improve the Rural Road Network in El Salvador
Through this series of case studies, the IDB's Department of Infrastructure and Energy seeks to share its work in the region, the problems addressed, the challenges in implementing its projects, and the lessons learned from them. How to improve the rural road network in El Salvador represents the second case study of the fourth volume of the series "Infrastructure for development".
Published 2020
Methods for Modeling Public Policy and Investment Impacts on the Economy, Natural Capital and Ecosystem Services
The year 2020 is a critical year for sustainable development policy and practice with the review and renewal of various international commitments including the Sustainable Development Goals, the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Paris Agreement. The post-2020 agenda needs to be informed by more robust analytical approaches that capture the interactions between the economy, society and the environment. In this paper, we review the state of the art in available models and datasets that lay the groundwork for future analytical work to inform this agenda. Based on this review, we propose an integrated modeling approach for global analysis to underpin international policy discourse and advocacy, and; a sub-global approach focusing on evaluating specific strategies and policy portfolios to make progress toward sustainability commitments considering detailed local country context. Both approaches rely on integrating whole of economy computable general equilibrium models with spatial land use land cover and ecosystem services models. Endogenizing feedbacks between modeling system components ensures that evidence is based on interactions between all system components. Recent advances in methods, data and available tools discussed herein reduce barriers to entry for this type of complex systems analysis and increases the timeliness of policy advice.
Powered by FindIT
Jump back to top