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Digital Ecosystem 503-SNBX
Articulate and accelerate an incipient process of entrepreneurial ecosystem development with an inclusive model of generating and scaling high-growth firms, which is to be promoted by open innovation among start-ups, privatre sector and public sector.

Project Detail

Country

El Salvador

Project Number

ES-T1328

Approval Date

May 28, 2020

Project Status

Implementation

Project Type

Technical Cooperation

Sector

PRIVATE FIRMS AND SME DEVELOPMENT

Subsector

ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT, CLUSTERS AND INNOVATION

Lending Instrument

Instrumento del Fondo Multilateral de Inversiones

Lending Instrument Code

MIF

Modality

-

Facility Type

-

Environmental Classification

Likely to cause minimal or no negative environmental and associated social impacts

Total Cost

USD 1,535,800.00

Country Counterpart Financing

USD 753,300.00

Original Amount Approved

USD 782,500.00

Financial Information
Operation Number Lending Type Reporting Currency Reporting Date Signed Date Fund Financial Instrument
ATN/ME-18014-ES Non-Sovereign Guaranteed USD - United States Dollar Multilateral Investment Fund II (MIF) - Nonreimbursable
Operation Number ATN/ME-18014-ES
  • Lending Type: Non-Sovereign Guaranteed
  • Reporting Currency: USD - United States Dollar
  • Reporting Date:
  • Signed Date:
  • Fund: Multilateral Investment Fund II (MIF) -
  • Financial Instrument: Nonreimbursable

Can’t find a document? Request information

Implementation Phase
https://www.iadb.org/document.cfm?id=EZSHARE-230788656-2
ES-T1328 - Memorando a los donantes.pdf
Published Jan. 14, 2021
Download
https://www.iadb.org/document.cfm?id=EZSHARE-230788656-3
ES-T1328 - Donors Memorandum.pdf
Published Jan. 14, 2021
Download

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Publications
Published 2024
Sector de servicios una oportunidad para la diversificación productiva
La región andina se enfrenta no solo al desafío imperante de la descarbonización global, sino también a la problemática de la baja productividad en las micro y pequeñas empresas, lo cual impacta de manera significativa en la economía. Esta realidad subraya la necesidad urgente de superar las barreras de calidad para integrarse en cadenas de valores modernas. En este contexto, el sector de servicios, como principal empleador en la región, se revela como una pieza clave en la reconfiguración económica. La diversificación económica y el aumento de la productividad agregada se presentan como imperativos ineludibles. Las oportunidades para incrementar las exportaciones de servicios basados en conocimiento adquieren mayor relevancia, consolidando a la región andina como un actor significativo en el mercado internacional. En este proceso, el sector turístico emerge como un componente esencial para el desarrollo sostenible, aprovechando la rica biodiversidad y la geografía única de la región. Este potencial no solo promete un aumento en la atracción de visitantes, sino también una fuente vital de ingresos. A su vez, el auge de los servicios basados en plataformas digitales presenta nuevas oportunidades, aunque el desafío del aseguramiento social plantea una cuestión crucial en la transición hacia una economía más digitalizada y conectada. En resumen, la descarbonización global y la baja productividad en las micro y pequeñas empresas se perfilan como desafíos centrales para la economía de la región andina. Superar estas barreras se torna esencial para la consecución de un desarrollo económico sostenible y resistente, donde el sector de servicios desempeña un papel fundamental en la transformación y modernización de la región.
Publications
Published 2023
Digitalización de las micro y pequeñas empresas y reducción de la desigualdad regional en México
A partir de tabulados de los Censos Económicos de 2014 y 2019 de México, este trabajo analiza la desigualdad entre unidades económicas en el acceso a las TIC y su relación con características de las empresas relacionadas al mercado laboral. En primer lugar, el estudio encuentra una fuerte correlación positiva entre la adopción de TIC y el tamaño de las unidades económicas; más aún, si bien las diferencias sectoriales en adopción de TIC son pequeñas entre las empresas medianas y grandes, éstas son mucho más marcadas entre las unidades económicas de hasta diez empleados. En cuanto a la dimensión regional, existe una elevada desigualdad entre entidades federativas en la adopción de TIC que se relaciona con la mayor y creciente densidad de empresas medianas y grandes en los estados del norte, y de micro y pequeñas empresas (MyPE) en los estados del sur-sureste. Por último, y contrario a la evidencia para países desarrollados, tanto entre los sectores económicos como entre las entidades federativas los datos muestran una correlación positiva del acceso de empresas a las TIC con la productividad laboral, calidad del empleo, salarios y participación del trabajo en el valor agregado. Desde el punto de vista de la política pública, los resultados sugieren que reducir la brecha digital entre las empresas mexicanas con foco en las MyPE, no sólo tendría impactos positivos en productividad sino también en la reducción de las desigualdades en el mercado laboral.
Blogs
Published 2023
Cómo aliviar la crisis de crédito para las pequeñas y medianas empresas
Las pequeñas y medianas empresas (pymes) constituyen la inmensa mayoría de las empresas formales, y contribuyen con cerca del 50% del empleo formal en el país promedio en América Latina y el Caribe, e incluso con cerca del 80% en algunos casos. Sin embargo, a pesar de su enorme importancia para la economía de la
Blogs
Published 2023
Easing the Credit Crunch on Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises
Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) comprise the overwhelming majority of formal businesses and create around half of formal employment for the average country in Latin America and the Caribbean, with that percentage rising to 80% in some cases. Yet, despite their immense importance to the economy of the region, these firms consistently struggle to get
Blogs
Published 2022
Avoiding Economic Long-COVID: Policies to Support Firms and Workers in Latin America and the Caribbean
During the peak of the COVID-19 crisis, governments in Latin America and the Caribbean aided firms and households with support packages coordinated with central bank monetary policy. For many, liquidity injections and flexible financial sector supervision helped ease the pain. While many small firms closed their doors during the crisis, surprisingly few larger firms
Blogs
Published 2022
Can online platforms encourage women-owned firms in international trade? In the case of ConnectAmericas, yes
Can online platforms expand female-owned firms’ trade opportunities? Based on research using data from a business site in Latin America and the Caribbean, the answer is yes. This finding is important for the promotion of gender equality, one of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and for the policymakers, practitioners, and researchers who are increasingly
Publications
Published 2021
Productive Development Policies in the Mining Value Chain: Policy Opportunity and Alignment
Natural resources are an important source for development, and Latin America is one of the regions with the highest endowment. This calls for a reconsideration of resource-based development. Ambitious countries are moving toward high-value activities and more diversified economies to continue moving up the development ladder. In this sense, the resurgence of industrial policy can correct market failures and lead to the implementation of mission-oriented policies. This document analyzes opportunities to design and implement integrated policies through a revised taxonomy of mining-related policies, applying it to Australia, South Africa, and Chile. The mining sector has been a fertile field, characterized by high technology niches, growth, and innovation. Demand and supply policies can shape the path for development within the sector and across the economy due to the potential of vertical and horizontal linkages.
Publications
Published 2021
Los sistemas de pago de la nómina de personal en el sector público y la experiencia internacional
El objetivo de esta publicación es analizar los sistemas de pago de la nómina de personal en el sector público de los países de América Latina y el Caribe (ALC), y compararlos con experiencias de otros países fuera de la región. A partir de un análisis de los enfoques para la organización de los sistemas transversales de gestión en el sector público y de la descripción de casos y alternativas de modelos de implementación de los sistemas de información de nómina en el sector público (SINSP), se presenta una tipología para estos sistemas. Adicionalmente, la información sobre los SINSP en ALC fue relevada mediante una encuesta llevada a cabo en 21 países de la región, lo que posibilitó identificar los principales modelos y estrategias de estos sistemas y elaborar recomendaciones de políticas en el tema.
Publications
Published 2021
Catapulting Innovation: Linking Open Innovation with Innovation Procurement
The unprecedented speed of technological change--impacting all sectors of the economy--is changing how research is done, how companies work and do business, and how governments operate and relate to citizens. Innovation may be open, but it is not free. Innovation procurement does not end with the establishment of a supportive legal framework. To cope with the speed of these changes, systematic and mission-driven investments in science and technology capabilities are critical. At the same time, investments must enhance the capabilities of the public and private sectors to work collaboratively, with a supply and demand focus and a shared vision of the risks and returns on investments. This publication emphasizes the increasingly multidimensional and interconnected knowledge flows to accelerate innovation and endogenous capacities between institutions. It is the second in a series of three IDB documents on innovation procurement and open innovation in Brazil. Through this series, the Bank shows its commitment to investing in science, technology, and innovation and strengthening digital transformation.
Publications
Published 2019
On the Role of Resource Reallocation and Growth Acceleration of Productive Public Programs: Effectiveness of a Peruvian Dynamic Entrepreneurship Program and the Implications of Participants' Selection
Entrepreneurship is becoming an important source of economic activity and each time more sophisticated institutional arrangements (ecosystems) are populating more developed markets, as chances to grow fast and big in specific niches of those markets attract all necessary stakeholders for these ecosystems to work (entrepreneurs, investors, universities tech transfer offices, business accelerators, corporate and public procurers, etc.). In front of this, in less developed markets, some innovation agencies have been piloting opportunity driven startup programs, trying to cope with some of the barriers that these markets face so as to identify, select and give to potentially highly productive startups a real chance to succeed. This paper presents the results of an impact evaluation of one of those programs: Startup Peru. In doing so, the paper innovate in three ways, compared to traditional impact evaluations: first, it analyzes and emphasizes the importance of selection of most suitable candidates in the effectiveness of the program, and hence the role of resource reallocation to most productive options that public policy should play when designing and implementing this type of programs. Second, the evaluation exploits a comprehensive set of observables of the entrepreneurs, the entrepreneurial teams, the entrepreneurship and the ecosystem as well as proxies for non-observables traits such as risk aversion, self-confidence, etc. Third, the paper pays attention to impact conditional on survival as to prevent compositional changes induced by mortality of firms. The paper finds positive effects on the performance of the entrepreneurship (sales, hiring, external investment, quality of employment, etc.) but it fails to find impact on entrepreneurs’ earnings. Analysis show that in great extent this is consequence of poor selection heavily reliant on soft skills while evidence confirm the significance of traditional observables such as experience of the lead entrepreneur (as entrepreneur and in the same sector of the entrepreneurship) or the orientation of the entrepreneurship (B2B rather than B2C) as the main drivers of success. Should positive discrimination have been conducted, program’s effects could have doubled with equal or lower budget. Policy implications on selection are currently conducting the redesign of the program and the design of similar program in other ecosystems of the region.
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