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System Implementation Monitoring and Evaluation Bandesal
Finance expenses related to travel to various officials (max 5) in Bandesal several public banks in the region (BANCOLDEX Nafin in CO and ME). This visit experiences and best practices of these banks in the design and implementation instruments to remittance management

Project Detail

Country

El Salvador

Project Number

ES-T1238

Approval Date

September 18, 2015

Project Status

Closed

Project Type

Technical Cooperation

Sector

FINANCIAL MARKETS

Subsector

CAPITAL MARKET DEVELOPMENT

Lending Instrument

-

Lending Instrument Code

-

Modality

-

Facility Type

-

Environmental Classification

-

Total Cost

USD 15,000.00

Country Counterpart Financing

USD 0.00

Original Amount Approved

USD 15,000.00

Financial Information
Operation Number Lending Type Reporting Currency Reporting Date Signed Date Fund Financial Instrument
ATN/OC-15154-ES Sovereign Guaranteed USD - United States Dollar Ordinary Capital Nonreimbursable
Operation Number ATN/OC-15154-ES
  • Lending Type: Sovereign Guaranteed
  • Reporting Currency: USD - United States Dollar
  • Reporting Date:
  • Signed Date:
  • Fund: Ordinary Capital
  • Financial Instrument: Nonreimbursable
Publications
Published 2024
Taxation when Markets are not Competitive: Evidence from a Loan Tax
We study the interaction of market structure and tax-and-subsidy strategies utilizing pass-through estimates from the unexpected introduction of a loan tax in Ecuador, a quantitative model, and a comprehensive commercial-loan dataset. Our model generalizes bank competition theories, including Bertrand-Nash competition, credit rationing, and joint-maximization. While we find the loan tax is distortionary, neglecting the possibility of non-competitive lending inflates estimated tax deadweight loss by 80% because non-competitive banks internalize some of the burden. Conversely, subsidies are less effective in non-competitive settings. If competition were stronger, tax revenue would be 10% lower. The findings suggest that policymakers should consider market structure in tax-and-subsidy strategies.
Publications
Published 2024
The Promises of Digital Bank Accounts for Low-income Individuals
The push for adopting digital modes of payment rests on three promises: increased efficiency of transactions, increased financial inclusion, and improvements in the financial well-being of low-income individuals. We experimentally test the extent to which these promises are fulfilled. We exploit the random assignment into an intervention to encourage direct deposits of recurrent government benefits into digital bank accounts in Colombia. Switching from cash to direct deposits reduces disbursement errors and increases access to benefits among eligible beneficiaries. It also increases the ownership of bank accounts, the demand for formal loans, and loan take-up among individuals without a financial history. However, we do not find evidence of improvements in financial well-being across any of our metrics.
Publications
Published 2023
MICI Reflections: Access to Remedy and Dispute Resolution: Contributions to the Conversation Based on MICI's Experience
The notion of remedy has gained importance and become a central issue on the international development agenda, despite accountability mechanisms and financial institutions have been subject to continued criticism in terms of their ability to provide effective remedy for communities claiming to be affected by development projects. This note aims to explore the role of alternative dispute resolution in access to remedy, and to specifically examine the contributions that MICIs Consultation Phase has made in providing solutions to communities that believe they have been adversely affected by IDB Group-financed development projects between 2017 and 2022.
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