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Selection and Training Program for SMEs at the Base of the Pyramid
The objective of this KCP is to identify and provide business mentorship to 100 Brazilian SMEs focused on serving the BOP to enable them to become more competitive and to improve their access to medium and long-term financing from Itaú-Unibanco. In addition, the Program will transfer know-how on BOP business models and entrepreneurship to up to 500 selected SMEs.

Project Detail



Project Number


Approval Date

September 7, 2011

Project Status


Project Type

Technical Cooperation





Lending Instrument

BID Invest

Lending Instrument Code




Facility Type


Environmental Classification


Total Cost

USD 500,000.00

Country Counterpart Financing

USD 0.00

Original Amount Approved

USD 500,000.00

Financial Information
Operation Number Lending Type Reporting Currency Reporting Date Signed Date Fund Financial Instrument
ATN/CF-13017-BR Non-Sovereign Guaranteed USD - United States Dollar Common Account - COFAB Nonreimbursable
Operation Number ATN/CF-13017-BR
  • Lending Type: Non-Sovereign Guaranteed
  • Reporting Currency: USD - United States Dollar
  • Reporting Date:
  • Signed Date:
  • Fund: Common Account - COFAB
  • Financial Instrument: Nonreimbursable
Published 2021
Gender Gaps in Access to the Mortgage Market of Ecuador
The study "Gender gaps in access to the mortgage market in Ecuador" analyzes the access of women in conditions of poverty and moderate poverty to obtain a home loan in the formal financial system, the dimensioning and characterization of critical nodes and potentialities (supply and demand), qualifying the current demand and the type of housing for which credit is granted; as well as the identification and characterization of the main challenges faced by women in the granting, the level of exclusion, the credit behavior and the practices and conceptions of financial institutions (IFIs) that offer housing credit, from which the present conclusions and establish recommendations that contribute to narrowing the identified gender gaps, contributing to the implementation of projects and public housing policy in the country.
Published 2021
Welfare Effects of Capital Controls
This paper studies the effect of capital controls on misallocation and welfare in an economy with financial constraints. We build a general equilibrium model with heterogeneous firms, financial constraints and international trade and calibrate it to the Chilean economy. Since high-productivity and exporting firms need to borrow more to reach their optimal scale, capital controls that tax international borrowing hit them harder. As a result, misallocation increases relatively more for this group of firms, and for young firms that are still trying to reach their optimal scale. In terms of welfare, the model predicts a sizable aggregate loss of 2.39 percent when capital controls are introduced, with welfare decreasing twice as much for high-productivity firms. We empirically corroborate the main insights in terms of misallocation obtained from the model using Chilean manufacturing firm data from 1990 to 2007.
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