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Support for Preparation of the Fiscal Programatic Loan
The objective of the Project is to endow the Government of Bolivia with a study of the tax and financing capacities and the public expenditure structure of the sub-national governments, while strengthening the capacities of the Ministry of Autonomy to implement the national fiscal decentralization strategy.

Project Detail



Project Number


Approval Date

August 12, 2010

Project Status


Project Type

Technical Cooperation





Lending Instrument


Lending Instrument Code




Facility Type


Environmental Classification


Total Cost

USD 250,000.00

Country Counterpart Financing

USD 0.00

Original Amount Approved

USD 250,000.00

Financial Information
Operation Number Lending Type Reporting Currency Reporting Date Signed Date Fund Financial Instrument
ATN/SF-12303-BO Sovereign Guaranteed USD - United States Dollar Fund for Special Operations Nonreimbursable
Operation Number ATN/SF-12303-BO
  • Lending Type: Sovereign Guaranteed
  • Reporting Currency: USD - United States Dollar
  • Reporting Date:
  • Signed Date:
  • Fund: Fund for Special Operations
  • Financial Instrument: Nonreimbursable
Published 2023
Ministerios de economía y finanzas frente al cambio climático: 7 avances en la agenda fiscal verde
En este blog resumimos los principales avances sobre la agenda fiscal verde , que está siendo impulsada por la Plataforma Regional de Cambio Climático de los Ministerios de Hacienda, Economía y Finanzas de América Latina, una red de trabajo integrada por los 26 países miembros prestatarios del BID
Published 2023
¿Cómo incorporar la perspectiva plurianual a la política fiscal a través de los marcos de mediano plazo?
En este blog explicamos cómo funcionan los Marcos de Mediano Plazo (MMP), sus principales ventajas y cuáles son las mejores prácticas a la luz de la experiencia internacional.
Published 2023
Instrumentos fiscales para la equidad de género
A través de herramientas de ingresos y gasto público, la política fiscal puede diseñarse para disminuir la desigualdad de género, influenciando el cierre de brechas en la participación laboral y en diferencias salariales y de ingresos entre hombres y mujeres. Con dichos impactos la política fiscal puede, a su vez, contribuir a aumentar el crecimiento económico y disminuir la desigualdad de ingresos y la pobreza.
Published 2020
Intergovernmental Fiscal Cooperation and Subnational Revenue Autonomy
This paper focuses on two distinct but interrelated subjects. First, it discusses how cooperation among and within the different levels of government can help improve macro-fiscal management, as well as various aspects of intergovernmental fiscal relations. These include the delivery of subnational goods and services, the system of intergovernmental transfers, and the control of subnational indebtedness. Second, the paper highlights the benefits of, and obstacles to, subnational revenue autonomy and points to appropriate own-revenue sources for regional and local governments. It also discusses how intergovernmental cooperation can help subnational governments strengthen their revenue administration capacity. The paper was prepared as a result of the 2017 International Forum of the Decentralization and Subnational Fiscal Management Network of Latin America and the Caribbean, led by the Fiscal Management Division of the Inter-American Development Bank. It utilizes a number of country experiences from within and outside the region to illustrate successful approaches to the challenges of intergovernmental cooperation and subnational revenue mobilization.
Published 2022
Allocative Efficiency of Government Spending for Growth in Latin American Countries
There is scant empirical economic research regarding the way that Latin American governments efficiently allocate their spending across different functions to achieve higher growth. While most papers restrict their analysis to the size of government, much less is known about the composition of spending and its implications for long-term growth. This paper sheds light on how allocating expenditures to investment in quality human and physical capital, and avoiding waste on inefficient expenditures, enhance growth in Latin America. This paper uses a novel dataset on physical and human capital and detailed public spending that includes -for the first time- Latin American countries, which is categorized by a cross-classification that provides the breakdown of government expenditure, both, by economic and by functional heads. The database covers 42 countries of the OECD and LAC between 1985 and 2017. There are five main results. First, the estimated growth equations show significant positive effects of the factors of production on growth and plausible convergence rates (about 2 percent). The estimated effect of the physical investment rate is positive and significant with a long-run elasticity of 1.2. Second, while the addition of years of education as a proxy for human capital tends to have no effect on growth, the addition of a new variable that measures quality-adjusted years of schooling as a proxy for human capital turns out to have a positive and significant effect across all specifications with a long-run elasticity of 1.1. However, if public spending on education (excluding infrastructure spending) is added to the factor specification, growth is not affected. This is mainly because, once quality is considered, spending more on teacher salaries has no effect on student outcomes. Therefore, the key is to increase quality, not just school performance or education spending. Third, both physical and human capital are equally important for growth: the effect of increasing one standard deviation of physical capital or human capital statistically has the same impact on economic growth. Fourth, increasing public investment spending (holding public spending constant) is positive and significant for growth (a 1% increase in public investment would increase the long-term GDP per capita by about 0.3 percent), in addition to the effect of the private investment rate. However, the effect of public spending on payroll, pensions and subsidies does not contribute to economic growth. Fifth, the overall effect of the size of public spending on economic growth is negative in most specifications. An increase in the size of government by about 1 percentage point would decrease 4.1 percent the long-run GDP per capita, but the more effective the government is, the less harmful the size of government is for long-term growth.
Published 2022
Ocho tendencias de las finanzas subnacionales reflejadas en el Panorama de las Relaciones Fiscales entre Niveles de Gobierno en América Latina y el Caribe
Los gobiernos subnacionales (GSN) son esenciales para el desarrollo económico, tanto por su proximidad con los ciudadanos, como por ser responsables de servicios públicos que hacen al bienestar cotidiano de la población: desde la mejora del espacio público, recolección de basura y suministro de agua, saneamiento y transporte público; hasta la provisión de infraestructura; pasando
Published 2022
Options for a Reform of the Mexican Intergovernmental Transfer System in Light of International Experiences
This paper focuses on the design of intergovernmental transfers to reduce vertical and horizontal fiscal imbalances and improve the performance of subnational governments. It provides an overview of international experiences, especially of large federations, with a view to devising viable options for reform of the transfer system in Mexico. While there is no one-size-fits-all ideal model of design and implementation of intergovernmental transfer systems, this analysis points to some lessons that can inform reforms, including the need to view intergovernmental transfers as an integral part of the overall system of intergovernmental fiscal relations; the use of different types of intergovernmental transfers that are best suited to fulfill different objectives; and the incorporation of equalization schemes to address regional disparities. In the light of these experiences, we find that the current Mexican transfer system is too fragmented, is linked to volatile oil revenues, involves substantial discretion in the allocation of a significant portion of the transfers, and lacks sufficient equalizing power. This paper presents and discusses possible reform options and demonstrates that it is altogether possible to reduce transfer dependence to promote effort and fiscal responsibility; simplify the system to increase predictability and ease its administration; eliminate discretion to increase transparency and establish stronger subnational budget constraints; and improve fiscal equalization to promote equity in subnational service delivery. Careful consideration of political economy dynamics is given in the simulations of possible reforms, with a view to minimizing short-term gains and losses as well as political opposition.
Published 2023
What to Finance in Health and at What Price?
Learn from more than 40 experts from around the world about two key strategies to improve the efficiency of public spending on health and support countries to move towards Universal Health Coverage (UHC): explicit priority setting in health and instruments to achieve more affordable prices for medicines. Advancing towards Universal Health Coverage (UHC) - or in other words, achieving access to health services for the entire population without causing financial hardship - is in everyone's interest and one of the great Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for 2030, set out by the United Nations (UN) and signed by many countries.
Published 2021
Tres áreas donde los ministerios de finanzas pueden ayudar a solucionar la crisis climática
A nivel mundial, 2020 fue el año más caluroso registrado, junto con el año 2016, si se lo compara con la temperatura media global registrada entre 1951 y 1980, de acuerdo con datos de la NASA. En general, la temperatura promedio de la Tierra ha aumentado más de 1°C desde la década de 1880 y hay un consenso general que los países tienen que avanzar más agresivamente en la descarbonización de sus economías.
Published 2023
Desafíos y oportunidades para fortalecer la institucionalidad fiscal en Chile en la pospandemia
Chile tiene la oportunidad de volver a reformar sus instituciones fiscales, con focos en la eficiencia del gasto, la transparencia y la creación de un nuevo pacto fiscal que permita financiar las demandas sociales de modo responsable, con anclajes robustos y trayectorias sostenibles.
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