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Social Safety Net Program Experiences
Promote the exchange of experiences with OPORTUNIDADES and PATH in the design, implementation and monitoring and evaluation of the conditional cash transfer programs and with beneficiaries of both programs.

Project Detail



Project Number


Approval Date

June 10, 2005

Project Status


Project Type

Technical Cooperation





Lending Instrument


Lending Instrument Code




Facility Type


Environmental Classification


Total Cost

USD 19,980.00

Country Counterpart Financing

USD 0.00

Original Amount Approved

USD 19,980.00

Financial Information
Operation Number Lending Type Reporting Currency Reporting Date Signed Date Fund Financial Instrument
ATN/SF-9232-BH Sovereign Guaranteed USD - United States Dollar Fund for Special Operations Nonreimbursable
Operation Number ATN/SF-9232-BH
  • Lending Type: Sovereign Guaranteed
  • Reporting Currency: USD - United States Dollar
  • Reporting Date:
  • Signed Date:
  • Fund: Fund for Special Operations
  • Financial Instrument: Nonreimbursable
Published 2023
Can Cash Transfers to Non-Poor Households Prevent Poverty?
Over the past five years, social protection has expanded dramatically around the world. In 2020, one in six people globally received government transfers. This expansion in coverage, particularly in upper- and middle-income countries, has produced a new set of beneficiaries: vulnerable, non-poor households. Scaling up the coverage of social protection programs has the potential to
Published 2021
Adaptive, but not by design: cash transfers in Latin America and the Caribbean before, during and after the COVID-19 Pandemic
The socioeconomic crisis associated with the pandemic put cash transfer programs back at the top of the policy agenda. It showed that the Latin American and Caribbean regions income support systems were both fundamental and insufficient. In this paper, we present novel estimates of the coverage and beneficiary distribution of all non-contributory cash transfers both before and during the COVID-19 crisis. The former is useful to show the degree of preparedness of the region. The latter analyzes the magnitude of the policy response. While the literature presents estimates of coverage and leakage of conditional cash transfers and non-contributory pensions, our results are novel because they are the first to analyze coverage and leakage implemented in response to the COVID-19 crisis. In addition, we are the first to expand the focus to all non-contributory cash transfer programs, including those that are quasi-universal and/or unconditional. This is the most appropriate focus when the goal is to assess the ability to provide protection to larger population groups (including the vulnerable) and against transitory poverty caused by systemic shocks (such as pandemic or extreme weather events, which may become more and more frequent due to climate change). Using data from the Inter-American Development Bank “Harmonized Household Surveys from Latin America and the Caribbean”, which now provide a more comprehensive coverage of Caribbean countries, we show that before the pandemic non-contributory cash transfers covered 26% of the population of 17 countries with available data. Average coverage of the extreme poor, moderate poor and vulnerable population was 56%, 43% and 28% respectively. During the crisis, LAC governments implemented 111 new cash transfer interventions, increasing coverage to 34% of the population in 12 countries with available data. Average coverage increased among the moderate poor (50%) and vulnerable population (37%), while it remained unvaried amongst the extreme poor. Moving forward, the countries of the region are called to reform their social protection systems to make them more flexible, efficient, and sustainable, and including strategies that provide protection against shocks. In this way, resilient and responsive social protection systems can contribute to the fight against climate change and support a just transition towards net-zero emission societies. These efforts must also include measures to close the historical coverage gap amongst the poorest.
Published 2023
¿Se puede prevenir la pobreza mediante transferencias monetarias a hogares no pobres?
En los últimos cinco años, la protección social se ha ampliado enormemente en todo el mundo. En 2020, una de cada seis personas en el mundo recibió transferencias del gobierno. Esta ampliación de la cobertura, especialmente en los países de ingresos medios y altos, ha generado un nuevo grupo de beneficiarios: los hogares vulnerables no
Published 2023
Una perspectiva etnoracial de los programas de transferencias no contributivas
¿Qué es un programa de transferencia no contributiva? Los programas de transferencias no contributivas son entregas de efectivo de un gobierno a su población que son financiadas con impuestos generales o con alguna otra partida del gasto público. Es decir, distinta a los fondos que se obtienen de las contribuciones que realizan los trabajadores a
Published 2020
Transferencias condicionadas a recicladores como mecanismo de formalización
Recicladores en Bolivia lograron entrar al mercado formal de trabajo gracias a un programa de transferencias condicionadas. Por Pep Tarifa* Los Programas de Transferencias Monetarias Condicionadas (PTMC) son una metodología utilizada para amortiguar los efectos de la pobreza. Nacen en México en la década de los 90 con el objetivo de romper con el círculo
Published 2019
Research Insights: Can Cash Transfer Programs Increase Labor Supply?
Starting in 2006, Bolivia implemented a non-targeted, nationwide conditional cash transfer program that delivered transfers to households of school-age children conditional on attendance. The program increased the probability of working and the number of weekly work hours among parents of eligible children, mainly in areas with limited access to formal financial services. The program allowed mothers of eligible children to work more as they used the transfers to start or scale up small businesses. In turn, as mothers entered the labor force, overworked fathers were able to work fewer hours.
Published 2019
Cash Transfer Programs: Challenging the Welfare Myth
Do welfare programs create dependency? For decades, that question has roiled the United States where supporters call such programs an essential lifeline for the poor and critics condemn them as encouraging laziness and the welfare trap. Latin America and the Caribbean is no stranger to the debate, especially as it concerns  conditional cash transfer (CCT)
Published 2019
Cuestionando el mito de que los programas de transferencia monetaria crean dependencia
¿Es verdad que los programas de ayudas sociales crean dependencia? Durante décadas esta pregunta ha sido objeto de agitadas discusiones en Estados Unidos puesto que quienes apoyan estos programas los consideran una línea de asistencia esencial para los pobres, mientras que los críticos los condenan alegando que incentivan la pereza y  generan dependencia. Este debate
Published 2022
Crecer bien, sin condiciones
El número de palabras que un niño pequeño escucha los primeros años de vida, la calidad de sus interacciones con los adultos de su entorno y la exposición a la violencia son algunos condicionantes para su rendimiento escolar y ganancias futuras. En la región de América Latina y el Caribe, y por más de dos
Published 2021
Building a more Resilient and Low-Carbon Caribbean - Report 1: Climate Resiliency and Building Materials in the Caribbean
The Caribbean islands are among the 25 most-vulnerable nations in terms of disasters per-capita or land area, and climate change is only expected to intensify these vulnerabilities. The loss caused by climate events drags the ability of the Caribbean countries to invest in infrastructure and social programs, contributing to slower productivity growth, poorer health outcomes, and lower standards of living. Within this context, building resiliency should become a priority for the Caribbean countries. The series “Building a more resilient and low-carbon Caribbean”, focuses on improving the resiliency, sustainability and decarbonization of the construction industry in the Caribbean. The results show that increasing building resiliency is economically viable for the high-risk islands of the Caribbean, generating long term savings and increasing the infrastructure preparedness to the impacts of CC. Report 1 - Climate Resiliency and Building Materials in the Caribbean, presents a quantification of the economic losses caused by climate impact events in the Caribbean Region and correlate these figures with the most common construction materials, typically used in each of the countries building typologies. The losses caused by hurricanes concentrate mostly in the residential infrastructure and are mainly caused by weaknesses in roofs and their connection to the walls. The analysis suggests that improving the resiliency of outer walls and roofs in the Caribbean could significantly reduce the regions vulnerability to hurricanes and other climate impacts.
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