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Rehabilitacion Caminos y Carreteras
A) REVISAR INVENTARIOS Y CONDICION EQUIPOS DE MANTENIMIENTOS PARA PONERLOS EN CONDICIONES OPTIMAS OPERACION; B) REVISAR INVENTARI RED VIAL NACIONAL; C) CUANTIFICACION REPUESTOS NECESARIOS PARA MANTENCION EQUIPO Y CREACION Y FUNCIONAMIENTO BANCO DE REPUESTOS

Detalle del Proyecto

País

Ecuador

Número de Proyecto

TC8504484

Fecha de aprobación

Junio 27, 1985

Etapa del Proyecto

Cerrado

Tipo de Proyecto

Cooperación Técnica

Sector

TRANSPORTE

Subsector

CARRETERAS PRINCIPALES

Instrumento de préstamo

-

Código del instrumento de préstamo

-

Modalidad

-

Tipo de establecimiento

-

Categoría de Impacto Ambiental y Social

-

Costo Total

USD 26,000.00

Financiamiento de Contrapartida del País

USD 0.00

Cantidad

USD 26,000.00

Información Financiera
Número de Operación Tipo de préstamo Moneda de Referencia Fecha del informe Fecha de Firma del Contrato Fondo Instrumento Financiero
ATN/SF-2593-EC SG USD - Dólar americano Fund for Special Operations No Reembolsable
Número de Operación ATN/SF-2593-EC
  • Tipo de préstamo: SG
  • Moneda de Referencia: USD - Dólar americano
  • Fecha del informe:
  • Fecha de Firma del Contrato:
  • Fondo: Fund for Special Operations
  • Instrumento Financiero: No Reembolsable
Publications
Published 2021
The Effect of Extension Services and Credit on Agricultural Production in Bolivia, Peru, and Colombia
In this paper we estimate the average treatment effect from access to extension services and credit on agricultural production in selected Andean countries (Bolivia, Peru, and Colombia). More specifically, we want to identify the effect of accessibility, here represented as travel time to the nearest area with 1,500 or more inhabitants per square kilometer or at least 50,000 inhabitants, on the likelihood of accessing extension and credit. To estimate the treatment effect and identify the effect of accessibility on these variables, we use data from the Colombian and Bolivian Agricultural Censuses of 2013 and 2014, respectively; a national agricultural survey from 2017 for Peru; and geographic information on travel time. We find that the average treatment effect for extension is higher compared to that of credit for farms in Bolivia and Peru, and lower for Colombia. The average treatment effects of extension and credit for Peruvian farms are $2,387.45 and $3,583.42 respectively. The average treatment effect for extension and credit are $941.92 and $668.69, respectively, while in Colombia are $1,365.98 and $1,192.51, respectively. We also find that accessibility and the likelihood of accessing these services are nonlinearly related. Results indicate that higher likelihood is associated with lower travel time, especially in the analysis of credit.
Publications
Published 2021
A Stochastic Frontier Approach Applied to Farms to Selected Andean Countries
In this paper, we estimate a stochastic production function for Bolivia, Ecuador, Colombia, and Peru to investigate whether road infrastructure affects farm technical inefficiency. We use agricultural censuses of Colombia and Bolivia in 2013 and 2014, respectively; national agricultural surveys in 2017 of both Ecuador and Peru; and data on the road network and travel time to the nearest town with 50,000 inhabitants or more. Our main findings are that irrigation increases the value of production and road network decreases farm technical inefficiency, that is, road density (travel time) increases (decreases) farm technical efficiency.
Publications
Published 2021
Interaction between Rural and Urban Areas in Water and Sanitation Management: A Strategy for the Santiago Water Company in the Dominican Republic (CORASSAN)
In 2019, an urban-rural integration project was designed in the province of Santiago, Dominican Republic, which incorporates a commitment to strengthen the provincial public operator CORAASAN in a field, rural, in which its presence had been limited. This document presents the intervention strategy for the improvement of the rural water and sanitation service that was designed specifically for the project, as well as the methodology followed for its preparation, the challenges that had to be overcome in the process, and the main lessons learned.
Publications
Published 2022
From Wells to Wealth? Government Transfers and Human Capital
To study the causal impact of oil royalties on human capital, we exploit quasi-experimental variation arising from a law in Ecuador that transfers resources to municipalities regardless of their oil-producing status. We find that royalties increase the likelihood of students completing primary and secondary education. Students reaching high school are also more likely to pass and excel on the exit exam. Furthermore, schools are more likely to remain open, increase their size, and become more road-accessible. However, the likelihood of students pursuing higher education decreases as they face steeper opportunity costs when labor demand increases.
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