Pasar al contenido principal
Racionalización del Gasto Público y Presupuesto Nacional
El objetivo principal es de apoyar la preparación del Programa de Modernización gasto público y recaudación de impuestos (CR-0140) y el Programa de Modernización del Fondo para el Crecimiento y la Competitividad (CR-0155)

Detalle del Proyecto

País

Costa Rica

Número de Proyecto

TC0301022

Fecha de aprobación

Abril 18, 2003

Etapa del Proyecto

Cerrado

Tipo de Proyecto

Cooperación Técnica

Sector

REFORMA/MODERNIZACIÓN DEL ESTADO

Subsector

REFORMA/MODERNIZACIÓN DEL ESTADO

Instrumento de préstamo

-

Código del instrumento de préstamo

-

Modalidad

-

Tipo de establecimiento

-

Categoría de Impacto Ambiental y Social

-

Costo Total

USD 390,000.00

Financiamiento de Contrapartida del País

USD 65,000.00

Cantidad

USD 325,000.00

Información Financiera
Número de Operación Tipo de préstamo Moneda de Referencia Fecha del informe Fecha de Firma del Contrato Fondo Instrumento Financiero
ATN/JF-8288-CR SG USD - Dólar americano Japan Special Fund No Reembolsable
Número de Operación ATN/JF-8288-CR
  • Tipo de préstamo: SG
  • Moneda de Referencia: USD - Dólar americano
  • Fecha del informe:
  • Fecha de Firma del Contrato:
  • Fondo: Japan Special Fund
  • Instrumento Financiero: No Reembolsable
Blogs
Published 2023
How Digital Technology Can Deliver Government Services More Cost Effectively
From the issuing of ID cards and permits, to the dispensing of subsidies and the collection of taxes, Latin American and Caribbean governments manage between five and 20 transactional services per person each year. These services are often slow and cumbersome, requiring citizens to make multiple trips to government offices and using up large amounts
Publications
Published 2022
Allocative Efficiency of Government Spending for Growth in Latin American Countries
There is scant empirical economic research regarding the way that Latin American governments efficiently allocate their spending across different functions to achieve higher growth. While most papers restrict their analysis to the size of government, much less is known about the composition of spending and its implications for long-term growth. This paper sheds light on how allocating expenditures to investment in quality human and physical capital, and avoiding waste on inefficient expenditures, enhance growth in Latin America. This paper uses a novel dataset on physical and human capital and detailed public spending that includes -for the first time- Latin American countries, which is categorized by a cross-classification that provides the breakdown of government expenditure, both, by economic and by functional heads. The database covers 42 countries of the OECD and LAC between 1985 and 2017. There are five main results. First, the estimated growth equations show significant positive effects of the factors of production on growth and plausible convergence rates (about 2 percent). The estimated effect of the physical investment rate is positive and significant with a long-run elasticity of 1.2. Second, while the addition of years of education as a proxy for human capital tends to have no effect on growth, the addition of a new variable that measures quality-adjusted years of schooling as a proxy for human capital turns out to have a positive and significant effect across all specifications with a long-run elasticity of 1.1. However, if public spending on education (excluding infrastructure spending) is added to the factor specification, growth is not affected. This is mainly because, once quality is considered, spending more on teacher salaries has no effect on student outcomes. Therefore, the key is to increase quality, not just school performance or education spending. Third, both physical and human capital are equally important for growth: the effect of increasing one standard deviation of physical capital or human capital statistically has the same impact on economic growth. Fourth, increasing public investment spending (holding public spending constant) is positive and significant for growth (a 1% increase in public investment would increase the long-term GDP per capita by about 0.3 percent), in addition to the effect of the private investment rate. However, the effect of public spending on payroll, pensions and subsidies does not contribute to economic growth. Fifth, the overall effect of the size of public spending on economic growth is negative in most specifications. An increase in the size of government by about 1 percentage point would decrease 4.1 percent the long-run GDP per capita, but the more effective the government is, the less harmful the size of government is for long-term growth.
Publications
Published 2022
Options for a Reform of the Mexican Intergovernmental Transfer System in Light of International Experiences
This paper focuses on the design of intergovernmental transfers to reduce vertical and horizontal fiscal imbalances and improve the performance of subnational governments. It provides an overview of international experiences, especially of large federations, with a view to devising viable options for reform of the transfer system in Mexico. While there is no one-size-fits-all ideal model of design and implementation of intergovernmental transfer systems, this analysis points to some lessons that can inform reforms, including the need to view intergovernmental transfers as an integral part of the overall system of intergovernmental fiscal relations; the use of different types of intergovernmental transfers that are best suited to fulfill different objectives; and the incorporation of equalization schemes to address regional disparities. In the light of these experiences, we find that the current Mexican transfer system is too fragmented, is linked to volatile oil revenues, involves substantial discretion in the allocation of a significant portion of the transfers, and lacks sufficient equalizing power. This paper presents and discusses possible reform options and demonstrates that it is altogether possible to reduce transfer dependence to promote effort and fiscal responsibility; simplify the system to increase predictability and ease its administration; eliminate discretion to increase transparency and establish stronger subnational budget constraints; and improve fiscal equalization to promote equity in subnational service delivery. Careful consideration of political economy dynamics is given in the simulations of possible reforms, with a view to minimizing short-term gains and losses as well as political opposition.
Blogs
Published 2023
Una perspectiva etnoracial de los programas de transferencias no contributivas
¿Qué es un programa de transferencia no contributiva? Los programas de transferencias no contributivas son entregas de efectivo de un gobierno a su población que son financiadas con impuestos generales o con alguna otra partida del gasto público. Es decir, distinta a los fondos que se obtienen de las contribuciones que realizan los trabajadores a
Blogs
Published 2023
The “Tiendita” and the Survival of Microenterprises Amid Competition from Large Firms
With its bountiful assortments of everything from tomatoes and milk to cigarettes and dog food, the little grocery store or “tiendita” is as ubiquitous and cherished as the bakeries, small liquor stores, and tacos stands that dot nearly every neighborhood in Mexico’s cities. But over the last 20 years, tienditas have faced significant competition from
Blogs
Published 2023
¿Deberían los países de América Latina y el Caribe reducir los impuestos a la renta corporativa para estimular la inversión y el crecimiento?
América Latina y el Caribe (ALC) presenta de tasas de inversión crónicamente bajas, lo que perjudica el crecimiento económico. Considerando que los altos impuestos a la renta corporativa desincentivan la inversión de las empresas, una cuestión importante de política pública es si la región debería reducir estos impuestos. Un primer paso para responder a esta
Blogs
Published 2021
Los Pilares Tributarios de la Tierra
La declaración sobre una solución en dos pilares a los desafíos fiscales que presenta la digitalización de la economía, firmada el 1 primero de julio de 2021 por 131 países miembros[1] del Marco Inclusivo de BEPS[2], contiene concesiones a favor de los países en desarrollo, especialmente al asignar una parte de los beneficios residuales de las 100 multinacionales más grandes y rentables del mundo a las jurisdicciones de mercado, incluso aunque carezcan de establecimiento permanente en el país (Pilar 1). Por su parte, los países desarrollados, sede de las multinacionales, mantienen su participación mayoritaria en los frutos del impuesto, habiendo imprimido en los acuerdos una clara prevalencia del principio de residencia, que incluso incrementan al atribuirse los frutos del novedoso impuesto mínimo mundial (Pilar 2), que afectará a las 4.000 multinacionales más grandes del mundo.
Blogs
Published 2023
Instrumentos fiscales para la equidad de género
A través de herramientas de ingresos y gasto público, la política fiscal puede diseñarse para disminuir la desigualdad de género, influenciando el cierre de brechas en la participación laboral y en diferencias salariales y de ingresos entre hombres y mujeres. Con dichos impactos la política fiscal puede, a su vez, contribuir a aumentar el crecimiento económico y disminuir la desigualdad de ingresos y la pobreza.
Blogs
Published 2022
Cómo impulsar a los ciudadanos para que paguen sus impuestos y mejorar el suministro de bienes públicos
América Latina y el Caribe ha hecho frente a varias crisis consecutivas, desde la pandemia de la COVID-19 hasta la invasión rusa a Ucrania, dichas crisis han debilitado la capacidad de los países para proporcionar a sus ciudadanos bienes y servicios y han puesto de manifiesto la necesidad de aumentar las tasas de recaudación de
Publications
Published 2020
Nudging Taxpayer Registration?: Field Experimental Evidence on Backfiring Incentives
Governments in Latin America raise little revenue from property taxation, despite arguments for its efficiency and equity. Adequate registry information would support consistent collection, but registries are costly to establish and maintain. Compared to tax collection, field experimental evidence on low-cost interventions in this area is scarce. This paper provides the first such evidence for online tax registration. The municipality of Fortaleza, Brazil, randomized 163K property taxpayers into three groups. The first group represents the status quo that did not receive a particular treatment. To the second group, the tax administration sent an e-mail asking for registration; to the third group, an e-mail that additionally offered a lottery reward for successful registration. Relative to the first group, both e-mails increased registration, especially among compliant taxpayers, men, intermediate age groups and intermediate property values. But adding the lottery incentive had a negative effect on registration. We hypothesize that this backfiring effect relates to an inadvertent signal about non-enforcement. Additional evidence from a post-experimental survey suggests that for taxpayers in the lottery group, norm compliance and the usefulness of the online registry were less important reasons to register. In sum, the results suggest that the intervention prompted parts of the population to register and that monetary incentives may be counterproductive.
Powered by FindIT
Jump back to top