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Promover la Liberalización del Comercio en Productos Agrícolas

Detalle del Proyecto



Número de Proyecto


Fecha de aprobación

Septiembre 13, 2002

Etapa del Proyecto


Tipo de Proyecto

Cooperación Técnica





Instrumento de préstamo


Código del instrumento de préstamo




Tipo de establecimiento


Categoría de Impacto Ambiental y Social


Costo Total

USD 176,000.00

Financiamiento de Contrapartida del País

USD 50,000.00


USD 126,000.00

Información Financiera
Número de Operación Tipo de préstamo Moneda de Referencia Fecha del informe Fecha de Firma del Contrato Fondo Instrumento Financiero
ATN/SF-8014-RG SG USD - Dólar americano Fund for Special Operations No Reembolsable
Número de Operación ATN/SF-8014-RG
  • Tipo de préstamo: SG
  • Moneda de Referencia: USD - Dólar americano
  • Fecha del informe:
  • Fecha de Firma del Contrato:
  • Fondo: Fund for Special Operations
  • Instrumento Financiero: No Reembolsable
Published 2020
Revisiting the Effect of the Great Liberalization on the Growth of Latin America and the Caribbean, 1980-2010
As Latin America and the Caribbeans “Great Liberalization” reaches its 30th anniversary, we revisit the trade and growth debate by updating and expanding Estevadeordal and Taylors 2013 paper. To better understand the regions heterogeneity of policies and outcomes, we extend this analysis to include a larger sample of countries, a new and more disaggregated bilateral product-level tariff dataset; a longer timespan; and a country-sector analysis. The results indicate that liberalization is likely to have made a significant contribution to the acceleration in growth observed in the postliberalization periodan extra 0.6 to 0.7 percentage points on annual per-capita growth-driven by lower tariffs on capital and intermediate goods (as suggested by Solows growth model) and by the manufacturing sector.
Published 2019
La psicología del apoyo al comercio
¿El libre comercio beneficia a América Latina y el Caribe? La mayoría de los economistas creen que sí. El libre comercio permite a los países especializarse en lo que mejor saben hacer, desarrollando ventajas competitivas y propiciando una mayor oferta para el consumidor y precios más bajos. La mayoría de los ciudadanos parecen estar de
Published 2019
The Psychology of Support for Trade
Is free trade beneficial to Latin America and the Caribbean? Most economists believe it is. Free trade allows countries to specialize in what they do best, developing competitive advantages and leading to greater consumer choice and lower prices. Most citizens seem to agree. An IDB-commissioned poll, included in the cross-regional Latinobarómetro survey, finds popular support
Published 2019
MERCOSUR-European Free Trade Association Agreement
After two years and ten rounds of discussions, MERCOSUR and the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), a trade bloc formed by Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland, concluded in substance the negotiations on a Free Trade Agreement. This deal complements a trade pact MERCOSUR recently signed with the European Union (EU), enhancing preferential relations with the European continent and promoting strategic integration between the two regions.
Published 2019
Innovation in the Global Economy: Opening-Up Latin American Innovation Systems
Using different country-level datasets, this paper studies the relationship between innovation and economic integration in the global economy. The macroeconomic evidence exploits the fact that different countries liberalized international trade at different moments to look at the evolution of innovation. The evidence indicates that trade reforms have not been relevant to increase country-level innovation outcomes. We found that these results are robust to controlling for other determinants of innovation results. On the other hand, our findings also suggest that integration in the global economy has strong potential for technology transfer but that some explicit complementary innovation policies are needed. We close this paper with some innovation policy recommendations that can be implemented in order to improve the impacts of trade liberalization on LAC innovation systems.
Published 2019
Ensuring that the Gains from Trade are Inclusive and Sustainable
Thirty years ago, as part of their development strategy, and after many years of protectionism, the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean embarked on a process of ambitious trade liberalization. This was only one of many different reforms made in the framework of the Washington consensus. But it was without question the most important
Published 2019
Cómo la migración puede afectar las políticas de desarrollo local en formas inesperadas
En 1967, cuando el gobierno de Brasil decidió crear una zona de libre comercio en Manaos, tenía una visión ambiciosa del desarrollo amazónico. Ubicada en la convergencia de dos afluentes del río Amazonas, la denominada “ciudad de la selva” venía atravesando una mala racha desde el final del boom del caucho, casi un siglo antes.
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