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Financiamiento Micro y Pequeña Empresa a través de Intermediarios Financieros
El objetivo principal es el siguiente: a) proveer fondos en términos comercial para apoyar el crecimiento de estas instituciones financieras a través de la incrementación de su cartera de prestamos en los próximos dos años y b) apoyar la introducción de medidas con instrumentos financieros con el objetivo de mejorar el envío de remesas.

Detalle del Proyecto

País

Regional

Número de Proyecto

RG-L1081

Fecha de aprobación

Octubre 13, 2004

Etapa del Proyecto

Cerrado

Tipo de Proyecto

Operación de Préstamo

Sector

-

Subsector

-

Instrumento de préstamo

Instrumento del Fondo Multilateral de Inversiones

Código del instrumento de préstamo

MIF

Modalidad

-

Tipo de establecimiento

-

Categoría de Impacto Ambiental y Social

-

Costo Total

USD 2,000,000.00

Financiamiento de Contrapartida del País

USD 0.00

Cantidad

USD 2,000,000.00

Información Financiera
Número de Operación Tipo de préstamo Moneda de Referencia Fecha del informe Fecha de Firma del Contrato Fondo Instrumento Financiero
78/MS-RG NSG USD - Dólar americano MIF-Small Enterprise Investment Fund Financiamiento FOMIN
Número de Operación 78/MS-RG
  • Tipo de préstamo: NSG
  • Moneda de Referencia: USD - Dólar americano
  • Fecha del informe:
  • Fecha de Firma del Contrato:
  • Fondo: MIF-Small Enterprise Investment Fund
  • Instrumento Financiero: Financiamiento FOMIN
Publications
Published 2024
Taxation when Markets are not Competitive: Evidence from a Loan Tax
We study the interaction of market structure and tax-and-subsidy strategies utilizing pass-through estimates from the unexpected introduction of a loan tax in Ecuador, a quantitative model, and a comprehensive commercial-loan dataset. Our model generalizes bank competition theories, including Bertrand-Nash competition, credit rationing, and joint-maximization. While we find the loan tax is distortionary, neglecting the possibility of non-competitive lending inflates estimated tax deadweight loss by 80% because non-competitive banks internalize some of the burden. Conversely, subsidies are less effective in non-competitive settings. If competition were stronger, tax revenue would be 10% lower. The findings suggest that policymakers should consider market structure in tax-and-subsidy strategies.
Publications
Published 2024
The Promises of Digital Bank Accounts for Low-income Individuals
The push for adopting digital modes of payment rests on three promises: increased efficiency of transactions, increased financial inclusion, and improvements in the financial well-being of low-income individuals. We experimentally test the extent to which these promises are fulfilled. We exploit the random assignment into an intervention to encourage direct deposits of recurrent government benefits into digital bank accounts in Colombia. Switching from cash to direct deposits reduces disbursement errors and increases access to benefits among eligible beneficiaries. It also increases the ownership of bank accounts, the demand for formal loans, and loan take-up among individuals without a financial history. However, we do not find evidence of improvements in financial well-being across any of our metrics.
Publications
Published 2023
MICI Reflections: Access to Remedy and Dispute Resolution: Contributions to the Conversation Based on MICI's Experience
The notion of remedy has gained importance and become a central issue on the international development agenda, despite accountability mechanisms and financial institutions have been subject to continued criticism in terms of their ability to provide effective remedy for communities claiming to be affected by development projects. This note aims to explore the role of alternative dispute resolution in access to remedy, and to specifically examine the contributions that MICIs Consultation Phase has made in providing solutions to communities that believe they have been adversely affected by IDB Group-financed development projects between 2017 and 2022.
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