Gender And Diversity



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In the last three years, the IDB loans with gender-related results have increased fourfold. That means these loans represented 37% of total Bank Sovereing Guarantee loans in 2013, significantly above the 9% they accounted for in 2010.

Also, the total dollar amount of Technical Cooperation grants and Multilateral Investment Fund projects directly investing in gender equality and women’s empowerment has more than doubled from US$8.2 million in 2010 to US$19.4 million in 2013.





The Gender Action Plan for Operations (GAP) 2011-2013 had three main directives:

  • 1. Gender Mainstreaming: Promote gender equality in all of the Bank’s work, including loans, technical cooperation, grants, and analytical work.
  • 2. Direct Investment: Promote investments which directly contribute to women’s empowerment and gender equality.
  • 3. Safeguards: Implement gender safeguards to avoid unintended negative consequences of IDB projects on gender equality.


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Gender Mainstreaming: Some examples

The Gender Action Plan has promoted gender equality in IDB projects and analytical work in all sectors, from infraestructure to the private sector, for example.


Women entrepreneurship Banking (weB)

• Promotes women’s economic empowerment in the private sector by helping financial institutions implement lending models that support growth in female owned small and medium sized businesses.

• 7 loans have been approved with weB components since 2012.

• The IDB’s Structured and Corporate Finance Department (SCF) will offer up to US$50 million in loans, risk-sharing facilities and partial credit guarantees.

• The Multilateral Investment Fund (MIF), through its Line of Activity for Promoting Small Enterprise Financing, will provide up to US$5 million in grants for knowledge transfers of effective lending models for female-owned SMEs and training for loan officers and credit managers in these new products and services.


Ensuring women’s participation in rural water and sanitation projects in Bolivia

• Provides training on gender equality and women’s leadership for 22,000 men and women.

• Promotes capacity building and specific targets for women’s participation in decision-making bodies (such as water committees).


Promoting women's employment in the transport sector in Haiti

• Provides hands on training, apprenticeship opportunities, and road maintenance jobs to 303 women and 112 men.

• Links these individuals with theconstruction companies associated with the IDB road construction projects.

• Through projects like this, we can challenge assumptions about women’s abilities in male-dominated sectors of the economy.


Direct Investment

The total amount spent on technical cooperations and Multilateral Investment Fund's grants that directly invest in gender equality and women's empowerment has more than doubled from US$8.2 million in 2010 to US$19.4 million in 2013, surpassing the $7.7 million average seen between 2007 and 2010. Furthermore, a US$20 million IDB loan has made possible a flagship project:

Ciudad Mujer (El Salvador)

The IDB provided a US$20 million loan to deliver key services for women’s empowerment through 5 one-stop-shop centers:

• Comprehensive health services

• Promotion of women’s economic empowerment

• Psychological, medical, legal and police support for women survivors of violence

• Community prevention of violence against women

• Child care services



Between March 2011-2014, the centers have received over 432,000 visits and delivered over a million services

Stories from Ciudad Mujer: Marina Lazo (51) has been a tortilla maker since she was a 13 year old girl. From always making tortillas with her hands, she no longer has fingerprints, preventing her from getting an official Government ID. That was until Ciudad Mujer changed her life: when she arrived at the center for a medical examination she was also given an official certification, allowing her to get anID.


identifying what works

The central argument for the GAP is development effectiveness: by promoting gender equality in project design and execution, IDB projects will have more positive development impacts. Two efforts are underway:

Impact evaluations of innovative direct investment projects

• Using microfinance as a tool to reduce violence against women, in Peru.

• Replicating or adapting interventions which decreased violence against women by 50% in South Africa

• Preventing gender-based violence amongst youth in Central America.

• Testing three promising interventions which can change social norms and behavior amongst youth


Impact evaluations of IDB projects

• Conducting impact evaluations of rural water and rural electrification projects on female leadership, violence against women and teen pregnancy outcomes.

• The Mi Banco project, which provides women with a 3 hour business training, found positive impacts amongst female entrepreneurs, such as increased productivity and reduction in the use of informal credit.