Integrated urban development and social programs in Brazil
The Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) has had a long relationship with the 12 Brazilian cities that will host the World Cup in 2014. From 2000 to the date of the event, these cities will have received Bank investments of more than $10 billion. This partnership between the IDB and Brazil includes initiatives in urban development, transportation, sanitation, housing, and social programs.
In Curitiba, for example, residents are enjoying shorter travel times after the completion of the Green Line as part of the city’s bus rapid transit system. Gizélia de Camargo Castro, 58, describes the changes along the route between downtown and the Pinheirinho terminal in the extreme south of the city.
"There are few stops, and boarding and unloading of passengers is done in an instant,” she says. “There is no traffic on the roads because there are fewer buses, since the articulated buses hold more people. And best of all, the trip is very fast."
The improvements that Gizélia has experienced as a passenger were made possible thanks to a project to resurface 18 km of Curitiba’s north-south axis and 19 km of other routes; the construction of 67 “tube station” bus stops; the paving of 133 kilometers of feeder roads; and construction of seven User Support Centers, called Streets for Citizens, near the terminals. These works were carried out in the program’s first stage.
The second stage, begun in 2005, includes 65 kilometers of transverse streets, called binary roads, which cross the Green Line and link neighborhoods that were formerly divided. Green spaces, bike paths, and linear parks provide additional value to the urban environment. All of these projects changed the region’s landscape.
The quality of life in Igarapés
In the city of Manaus in northern Brazil, the Social and Environmental Program for the Igarapés in Manaus (PROSAMIM) aims to improve the living conditions of people living in stilt houses built over igarapés, the streams and small rivers that cut through the capital of Amazonas.
Through the program, the 7,300 relocated families not only changed their address, but also their lives. Besides improvements in housing, the program is characterized by its flexibility. So far, 22,400 meters of drainage works and sewer connections have been built, and 30,076 meters of paved roads have been constructed.
PROSAMIM I was carried out in the Learners-Quarenta Igarapés basin, the most densely populated. PROSAMIM II continues to work in the same basin as well as in the San Raimundo basin. PROSAMIM III is in the design stage.
Program benefits result not only from resettlement, but also from courses, conferences, and other activities that provide options for people who wish to start or return to school, enter college, learn a profession, or protect the environment. The program also provides opportunities for community management. The new homes are attractive and well constructed, and are complemented by sports fields, playgrounds, and landscaped public spaces.
Sewerage in the Federal District
In Brazil’ central region, an ambitious sanitation program has enabled the Federal District to treat 100 percent of its sewage effluent. Other notable achievements have been high rates of water service coverage (99.42 percent) and access to sanitation facilities (93.71 percent).
Teodolia Alves lives in Mestre D'Armas, where the program built 80 kilometers of water service lines. The project has had a huge impact on Teodolia: "With electricity, water, and sewers, I feel like I live in a castle," she says.
Some 700,000 people have benefited from the expansion of the sanitary network in the Federal District. The $260 million investment also financed the construction of two reservoirs at water treatment stations at Sobradinho and Planaltina.
Other projects include a 18 percent expansion in capacity of Brasilia’s water treatment plant, which serves the residents of Plano Piloto, Cruzeiro, part of Lago Sul, Lago Norte, and Paranoá. Additional works have included nearly 210 km of networks and pipes for the creation of sector and sub networks for water distribution in Lago Sul.
Initiatives carried out in Brazil in recent years have served as models for other countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. Learn about other IDB initiatives in World Cup cities:
• PRODETUR Northeast
• Favela-Bairro, in Rio de Janeiro