paridad de genero


Why an IPG?

Achieving gender equality in the labor market would not only benefit women, and society, but also the economy: it is estimated that closing the economic gender gap could increase the global gross domestic product by $28 trillion by the year 2025.

Accelerating the equal integration of women into the labor force requires both smart public policies and inclusive business practices. The Gender Parity Taskforces (IPG, for its initials in Spanish)—a high-level public-private collaboration model that seeks to support countries interested in reducing the economic gender gap—lie at this intersection. With this objective, the World Economic Forum (WEF) created the Gender Parity Taskforces in 2012. In 2016, the WEF partnered with the IDB to implement these initiatives in Latin America.

In Latin America, IPGs currently operate in Argentina, Chile and Panama, and are under construction in Colombia and Peru.

What do they do?

The IPGs seek to identify and reduce the barriers that prevent women from accessing job opportunities on equal terms. The Initiatives develop and implement three-year actions plans with concrete measures to:

Increase the participation of women in the labor force Reduce the gender wage gap Increase the participation of women in leadership positions

The IPGs are managed and monitored by a leadership group comprised of representatives at the highest level of the government and private sector, in charge of guiding the process, prioritizing efforts and ensuring the progress of established actions.

The implementation of the Initiative also allows countries and companies to exchange knowledge and experiences among peers and receive continuous technical support, as well as policy advice during the years of execution.


In 2016, Chile launched the first IPG in Latin America, promoted by the Presidency and directed by ComunidadMujer. To date, more than 130 companies have joined the Initiative.

Leadership Group:


Felipe Larraín, Minister of Finance

Nicolás Monckeberg, Minister of Labor and Social Security 

Isabel Plá, Minister of Women and Gender Equity 

Ignacio Guerrero, Undersecretary of Economy and Small Business, Ministry of Economy, Development and Tourism

Carolina Cuevas, Undersecretary of Women and Gender Equity, Ministry of Women and Gender Equity

María José Zaldívar, Undersecretary of Social security, Ministry of Labor and Social Security

Joaquín Cortez, President, Financial Market Commission (CMF)

Rosario Celedón, Forster, Vicepresident, CMF

Francisco Matte, Chief of Staff, Ministry of Finance


Marcelo Vásquez, Director if Diversity and Inlcusion, Sodexo

Viviane Blanlot, Non-Executive Director Antofagasta Minerals

Thomas Keller, Chief Executive Officer, Colbún

Roberto Muñoz, Chief Executive Officer, Telefónica Chile 

Sara Smok, General Manager ManpowerGroup Chile

Alfonso Swett, President Confederation of Production and Commerce (CPC)

Mercedes Ducci, President ComunidadMujer

Paula Escobar, Magazines Editor El Mercurio

Eric Parrado, Professor ESE Business School, Universidad de Los Andes

Fernando Alvear, General Manager, CPC

Chile is a country with a high level of education among its women, but with a relatively low level of labor force participation (LFP) and economic empowerment. Although 2.4 million women have joined the labor market, Chile has the eighth lowest female LFP compared to the 34 nations that are part of the OECD and one of the worse positioned in terms of wage gap and women’s access to senior positions. Access the full diagnosis here.

Action Plan:
The 10 measures contemplated in the action plan include: the incorporation of a gender perspective in the human resource policies of companies, the measurement and adjustment of gender wage gaps in the public and private sectors, the recognition and certifications of companies that establish gender parity practices and the development of commitments to further gender parity at the managerial level.


In 2018, the Vice Presidency of Panama launched the Initiative and finalized its action plan with concrete measures for both the public and private sectors.

Leadership Group:


Isabel Saint Malo de Alvarado, Vice President of the Republic and Minister of Foreign Affairs

Eyda Varela de Chinchilla, Minister of Economy and Finance

Zulphy Santamaría, Minister of Work and Labor Development 

María Cecilia Dopeso, Minister and Director-General of Micro, Small and Medium Sized Enterprise Authority

Jorge Quijano, Chief Executive Officer Panama Canal Authority

Marelissa Quintero de Stanziola, Superintendent of Panama Stock Market

Jorge Motta, National Secretary of Science, Technology and Innovation


Stanley Motta, Chairman and Director Copa Airlines and Treasurer Banco General

Mercedes Eleta de Brenes, President Stratego Panama

Herman Bern, President Empresas Bern

Mariana McQuattie, Vice President General Manager Procter & Gamble.

Aimée Sentmat, Executive President and Chief Executive Officer Banistmo

Ana María Vallarino, Vice-President of Real Estate Development Grupo VerdeAzul

Gaby Aued, Chief Executive Officer and General Manager Grupo TECNASA.

Panama has closed 72% of its economic gender gap, according to the WEF’s Gender Parity Index. However, the participation rate of Panamanian women, of 51%, is 21 percentage points below that of men, and the unemployment rate of women reaches 8%. The situation of unemployment is accentuated in the case of young women, with a rate higher than 22% among those under 25 years. With a growing source of female talent, Panama has not yet seen an increase in women in the leadership positions of organizations. Although women represent 70% of university graduates, 71% of companies do not have women at the highest executive level.

Action Plan
The 12 measures in the Action Plan include: promoting the positioning of women—especially young women—in careers with greater predictable demand in the future, encouraging the advancement of women to decision-making positions in all types of companies, improving knowledge about the gender wage gap and integrating a gender perspective into the employment, training and entrepreneurship ecosystem.


In 2017, the Chief of the Cabinet of Ministers of Argentina put into effect the implementation of the IPG. The Center for the Implementation of Public Policies Promoting Equity and Growth (CIPPEC for its initials in Spanish) and Mercer began the diagnosis to identify the economic gender gap in the country’s labor market.

Leadership Group:


Ministry of Health and Social Development

Ministry of Production and Labor








Cecilia Giordano, Chief Executive Officer, Mercer

Lorena Piazze, President Voces Vitales Argentina

Rosario Altgelt, Chief Executive Officer, LATAM Argentina

Sergio Kaufman, Senior Managing Director Accenture

Miguel Gutierrez, President YPF

Axel Gegenschatz, General Manager, Avon