Gender and Diversity
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Gender and Diversity

Gender


Gender equality contributes to poverty reduction, results in higher levels of human capital for future generations, and improves the development effectiveness of public investments.For all these reasons, promoting gender equality is pivotal to accelerate the process of economic and social development in Latin America and the Caribbean.

That’s why in November 2010 the IDB approved a new Operational Policy on Gender Equality in Development.It commits the Bank to improve its capacity to apply a gender perspective systematically across operations and analytical work, as well as to compromise direct investment in promoting gender equality and women empowerment.
 

 

Gender Action Plan (GAP)
Logo Gap

GENDER ACTION PLAN FOR OPERATIONS 2011-2013

Download here the full report 

GAP: WE IMPROVED FOURFOLD

In the last three years, the IDB loans with gender-related results have increased fourfold. That means these loans represented 37% of total Bank Sovereing Guarantee loans in 2013, significantly above the 9% they accounted for in 2010.

Also, the total dollar amount of Technical Cooperation grants and Multilateral Investment Fund projects directly investing in gender equality and women’s empowerment has more than doubled from US$8.2 million in 2010 to US$19.4 million in 2013

 

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The Gender Action Plan for Operations (GAP) 2011-2013 had three main directives:

1. Gender Mainstreaming: Promote gender equality in all of the Bank’s work, including loans, technical cooperation, grants, and analytical work.
2. Direct Investment: Promote investments which directly contribute to women’s empowerment and gender equality.
3. Safeguards: Implement gender safeguards to avoid unintended negative consequences of IDB projects on gender equality.

Read more about GAP 2011-2013 results

 

 

 

Violence Against Women

THE IDB'S ROLE IN PREVENTING VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND PROVIDING SURVIVOR SERVICES IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN

Millions of women in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) suffer from violence against women (VAW). Depending on the country, between 17% and 53% of women report that they have been victims of violence at the hands of an intimate partner at some point in their lives. The prevalence of VAW varies considerably between countries.

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Violence has grave consequences for women as well as their children, ranging from physical harm and psychological problems to death. Women who are victims of violence are less productive and receive lower incomes, resulting in a significant economic impact on the region. VAW is associated with a loss of between 1.6% and 3.7% of GDP in countries throughout LAC.

PERCENTAGE OF WOMEN WHO REPORTED PHYSICAL
OR SEXUAL VIOLENCE BY AN INTIMATE PARTNER

 

Personas

 

Source: Violence against women in Latin America and the Caribbean: A comparative analysis of population-based data from 12 countries. Washintong, DC: PAHO, 2012.

Violence Againt
Preventing Violence

PREVENTING VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN

The IDB is investing in innovative approaches to preventing VAW that challenge the model of masculinity that generates violent behavior and seek to transform social norms that perpetuate unequal gender relations. Examples of these programs include:

 

Planting Seeds of Peace in Manchay

 

  • Peace in Machay. In Peru, this project works with communities, primarily with boys and men, to construct non-violent and equitable relationships in an effort to create neighborhoods that are free of violence. A network of promoters spreads the message about combatting VAW and provides judicial and phycological support to women, as well as activities to empower them economically.

  • Preventing VAW through microfinance. FINCA Peru, in conjunction with the Flora Tristán Peruvian Women’s Center, is working to adapt the South African IMAGE program, which has reduced intimate partner violence by 55% through the integration of educational workshops on gender into a traditional microcredit program. In Peru this program is being adopted to specifically target indigenous women in rural areas.

  • Program H and Program M. In El Salvador,the Secretariat for Social Inclusion, the Salvadoran Institute for the Development of Women and the Ministry of Education are implementing these two programs that are adapted from the Brazilian model of the same name. They work with young men and women within schools to promote changes in gender attitudes and the use and acceptance of violence.

  • Becoming a woman. In Trinidad and Tobago the Network of NGOs of Trinidad and Tobago for the Advancement of Women has launched this pilot program which seeks to reduce the influence of social norms that perpetuate the exclusion of women and girls. The project seeks to boost teenager’s self-esteem, skills and knowledge about sexuality

MULTISECTORAL INTEGRATED SERVICES FOR WOMEN´S EMPOWERMENT

The IDB is supporting governments in LAC to offer quality integrated services that help women access the help and protection they need to break the cycle of violence. Some examples include:

 

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  • Ciudad Mujer (Women’s City) The Social Inclusion Secretariat in El Salvador has initiated, with the support of a US$20 million IDB loan, an innovative new service delivery model for women. Ciudad Mujer offers integrated services under one roof, including health care, comprehensive care for violence survivors, labor force training and intermediation, business development services and childcare for those women using their services.

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    • Villa Mujer (Women´s Village) in Peru. The Emergency Centers for Women that are managed by the Ministry of Women and Vulnerable Populations will expand the scope of their services for female survivors of violence to include health care and trainings to promote women’s economic autonomy.

    • Colombia's Gender and Equity Centers and Ciudad Mujer. The IDB is supporting the municipalities of Medellín and Quibdó to develo gender equity Centers and Ciudad Mujer, respectively. These centers will deliver health care, business development services, vocational training, employment intermediation, and microcredit.

    • Women's City Centers in Trinidad and Tobago. The Ministry of Gender, Youth and Early Childhood Development, with the support of a US$10 million loan from the IDB, will adopt the Ciudad Mujer model to the country’s specific needs and conditions.

    • Ciudad de las Mujeres (City for Women) in Mexico.The Social Development Secretariat (SEDESOL) is designing Ciudad de las Mujeres in Tlapa de Comonfort, in the state of Guerrero. The center is being designed to provide integrated services that will be delivered using a multicultural approach.



    INTEGRATING VAW IN THE CITIZEN SECURITY AND JUSTICE AGENDA 

    Although urban violence predominantly afflicts young men, women are more likely to suffer from sexual and intimate partner violence. Furthermore, VAW contributes to aggressive behavior later in life among children who have witnessed it, perpetuating the cycle of violence.

    This is why it is critical that VAW be included in the Citizen Security and Justice agenda. The IDB is partnering with its borrowing member countries to incorporate these issues in projects such as:

  • Paraguay. Through a US$20 million loan, the IDB is supporting the government’s efforts to strengthen capacity within the agencies responsible for citizen security to address VAW. The program seeks to strengthen the capacities of the police, improve violence response infrastructure and reeducate abusers. 

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  • Jamaica. The Ministry of National Security has recently received a US$55 million loan from the IDB to help implement activities that promote peaceful co-existence. These activities include parenting education that promotes positive models of masculinity. The program will also strengthen services provided to survivors of VAW and administer a women’s health survey that includes a VAW module.

  • Guyana. A project of the Ministry of Home Affairs, supported by a US$15 million IDB loan, will seek to reduce violent behavior in communities and promote positive models of masculinity. The program will also improve inter-institutional coordination in order to prevent domestic violence, improve police stations to better serve victims of violence, and implement rehabilitation programs for incarcerated women.

  • Guatemala. The IDB, the Seattle International Foundation, and Guatemala’s Public Ministry are working to strengthen the Integral Service Model for victims of sexual violence in Alta Verapaz and Chimaltenango. The model includes economic empowerment opportunities for survivors.

GENERATING EVIDENCE ON THE EFFECTIVENESS OF INTERVENTIONS 

Improving the quality and effectiveness of VAW interventions requires the identification of best practices that can be scaled up and replicated. To achieve this, the IDB is leading rigorous impact evaluations of projects that seek to prevent violence against women and to provide services to survivors, for projects financed by the IDB and other innovative initiatives in the region. These evaluations will help inform the design of future projects to reduce violence against women.

Result From

Some of the projects currently being evaluated include; CIudad Mujer and the Programs H and M in El Salvador, the adaption of IMAGE in Peru, and Becoming a Woman in Trinidad and Tobago.

Impact Evaluations
Addresing Violence

In order to improve the effectiveness of investments that address violence against women (VAW), it is important to identify best practices that can be replicated and scaled-up. There is, however, little evidence in the region of which interventions are the most effective.

The Gender and Diversity Division at the IDB is currently leading several rigorous impact evaluations, most utilizing an experimental design, of programs that aim to prevent VAW or provide integrated services to survivors.

The results of these evaluations, both of IDB-financed projects and other initiatives, will help inform the design of future interventions to reduce VAW in the region.

 

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Read more about the impact evaluations GDI is currently leading in these countries



COLOMBIA            EL SALVADOR

GUATEMALA        HONDURAS

MEXICO                 PERU

TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

Women's Leadership and Agency

The Program for the Support of Women's Leadership and Representation (PROLEAD), spearheaded by the Gender and Diversity Division, is the Bank’s leading initiative to promote women’s civic and political participation in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC).

The Program seeks to increase women’s access to decision-making positions and effectiveness in power in order to strengthen democratic processes and institutions in the region. It provides grants to civil society organizations and supports training and research initiatives aimed at fostering women's effective leadership in local and national political development processes.

Since its inception, some of the Program’s main achievements include:

  • Awarding over US$4 million in grants to more than 120 organizations in LAC. Around 20% of them targeted indigenous and afro-descendant women
  • Building knowledge about the state of women’s political participation in Latin American political parties (see online database Género y Partidos Políticos de América Latina (GEPPAL) and research study Partidos Políticos y Género: La Ecuación Pendiente)
  • Increasing the number of women in elected positions and the pool of electable women
  • Empowering discriminated segments of the population
  • Fostering public accountability and developing new mechanisms to monitor legislation on women’s issues
  • Forging new alliances and strategic partnerships between elected leaders, civil society organizations and the Bank that have led to new opportunities to promote gender equality and build synergy
  • Mainstreaming gender issues in municipal government plans and programs, multilateral initiatives and Bank operations
  • Strengthening the institutional capacity of civil society organizations to strategically coordinate collective actions aimed at advancing women’s agenda for change

Launched in 1998, PROLEAD was the first fund created by a multilateral financial institution specifically aimed at advancing women’s political empowerment in the LAC region. The Program has cultivated valuable partnerships with its collaborating institutions - UNIFEM, OAS/CIM, UNICEF and UNDP – and donor countries. After providing the initial investment, the IDB has raised additional funds from the Norwegian, Dutch, Swedish and Canadian governments. In addition, NOVIB and the partner agencies have provided parallel funding.

Gender Tools
Gender Tools

These technical notes and synopses provide guidance on best practices in incorporating a gender perspective into development projects.

They identify the key gender equality challenges that need to be taken into account in the design of public policy or sector specific projects, recommend actions to overcome these challenges, examine the important questions that should be answered during the project and provide indicators for the monitoring and evaluation of results.

Trade
Author: Eguiluz, Alejandra; Vásquez, María Inés; Espino, Alma
Date: Sep 2012
Language: Spanish

Avances en el proceso de incorporación del enfoque de género en operaciones de comercio
Download here

Author: Eguiluz, Alejandra; Vásquez, María Inés; Espino, Alma
Date: Sep 2012
Language: Spanish
Missing media item.

Mainstreaming Gender in Rural Development Projects
Download here

Author:Inter-AmericanDevelopment Bank
Date: Dec 2014
Language: English
 

Sinopsis: Integración de género en operaciones de Desarrollo Rural
Download here

Author: Inter-American Development Bank
Date: Dic 2014
Language: Spanish
Justice

Violencia contra las mujeres y el sistema de justicia penal
Download here

Author: Inter-American Development Bank
date: Jan 2014
Language: Spanish

Seguridad Ciudadana y Justicia: Nota técnica sectorial para la incorporación del enfoque de igualdad de género 
Download here

Author: Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)
Date: Agos 2013
Language: Spanish

Synopsis: Violence against Women and the Criminal Justice System
Download here

Author: Inter-American Development Bank
Date: Dec 2014
Language: English

Synopsis: Violence against Women and Citizen Security
Download here

Author: Inter-American Development Bank
Date: Dec 2014
Language: English
Science

Women in Science and Technology: What does the literature say?
Download here

Author: Tacsir, Ezequiel; Grazzi, Matteo; Castillo, Rafael
Date: Feb 2014
Language: English
Reproductive

Salud reproductiva, materna y neonatal. Guía para diseñar e implementar operaciones de salud con enfoque de género 
Download here

Author: Inter-American Development Bank
Date: Oct 2013
Language: Spanish

Synopsis: Mainstreaming Gender in Maternal and Reproductive Health
Download here

Author: Inter-American Development Bank
Date: Dec 2014
Language: English
Housing

Mejoramiento de Barrios: Nota Técnica sectorial para la incorporación del enfoque de igualdad de género
Download here

Author: Inter-American Development Bank
Date: Dec 2013
Language: Spanish

Vivienda en el medio urbano: Nota Técnica Sectorial para la incorporación del enfoque de igualdad de género
Download here

Author: Inter-American Development Bank
Date: Dec 2014
Language: Spanish


Synopsis: Mainstreaming Gender in Urban Renewal Projects 
Download here

Author: Inter-American Development Bank
Date: Dec 2014
Language: English


Synopsis: Mainstreaming Gender in Urban Housing Projects
Download here

Author: Inter-American Development Bank
Date: Dec 2014
Language: English
Renewable

Gender and Renewable Energy: Wind, Solar, Geothermal and Hydroelectric 
Download here

Author: Inter-American Development Bank
Date: Dec 2014
Language: English
Transport

Guía para la integración de la perspectiva de género en los sistemas de transporte urbano que optimizan la movilidad
Download here

Author: Inter-American Development Bank
Date: Nov 2013
Language: Spanish

Synopsis: Mobility for All: The Link between Gender and Urban Mass Transit 
Download here

Author: Inter-American Development Bank
Date: Dic 2014
Language: English
Others

Gender Action Plan:

2017-2019
Download here

2014-2016
Download here

 Author: Inter-American Development Bank
 Date: Jun 2014
 Language: English


Resorce Guide: Violence against Women and Girls 
Visit the website here

Author: Inter-American Development Bank, World Bank and The Global Women's Institute (GWI)
Date: Dec 2014
Language: English

Diversity

Indigenous Peoples
People

The Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) is committed to advancing development with identity. Indigenous peoples are frequently marginalized by society and their traditional cultures are threatened on several fronts. The IDB seeks to promote sustainable economic development while simultaneously protecting cultural legacies throughout the Western Hemisphere.

Development with identity strengthens indigenous peoples by prioritizing harmonious and sustainable interactions with the environment through the sound management of natural resources and territories, and promoting respect for cultural, economic and social values in accordance with indigenous worldviews.

 

 

African Descendants

Voice and Visibility: African descendants and the Inter-American Development Bank

The Inter-American Development Bank has a long standing commitment to promote economic development and improving the well-being of communities in the Americas. Quality information and data are key for better incorporating African descendants in development processes and policy making.

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Visibility and Economic Inclusion

The ongoing exclusion of African descendants from the economic and cultural lives of their nations has an impact on democratic governance, citizen security, and the ability of several subregions to meet strategic development targets such as the Millennium Development Goals. The IDB works through out the region to support their visibility and economic inclusion.

 

São Paulo Diverso

Inclusive Economic Development Forum

The IDB has recently partnered with the municipal government of São Paulo and the private sector to develop tools to analyze and measure development gaps facing vulnerable groups in São Paulo. This collaboration seeks to leverage the joint capacity of the public and private sectors to improve the livelihoods and opportunities of the city’s Afro-descendant population and has seem supported by several major companies including Carrefour, Citibank, Coca-Cola, Google, Grupo Colombo and Johnson & Johnson.

 

Somos Afro!

A Voice for African Descendant Municipalities

The IDB and AMUNAFRO (Association of Mayors of Afro-Descendant Municipalities) have jointly funded the launch of Somosafro.org, designed to provide a voice for the constituents of predominantly black municipalities. This platform allows individuals to propose ideas and solutions to the problems that impact their communities. Suggestions range from promoting cultural identity and social innovation to improving local governance and economic development. Currently, 22 communities in five countries are members of the Somos Afro network.

Data and Statistics

 

The Inter-American Development Bank has partnered with National Statistics Institutes , government agencies and scholars from around the hemisphere to fill knowledge gaps on race and ethnicity statistics and provide the tools to tackle the challenges that face the region’s indigenous peoples and African descendants. Some of the results and lessons learned from these activities can be found below.

TOOLS
 

Data SEPPIR: Sistema de Monitoramento das Políticas da Igualdade Racial 
Language: Portuguese

 
Visit the website
Country at a glance : Colombia
Language: English

 
Visit the website
Country at a glance : Peru
Language: English


ANALYSIS
 

Brochure:  Development with identity: Indigenous Peoples
Language: English
Brochure: Voice and Visibility: African Descendants
Language: English
Presentation: Project Commitment to Equity
Language: English
Counting Bolivia’s Indigenous Peoples
Language: English
Counting Chile’s Indigenous Peoples
Language: English
 
São Paulo Diverso Forum
Language: Portuguese
 
Paper:  Getting More Afrodescendant Women Into Elected Office
Language: English
Paper:  Affirmative Action in Brazil: Policy Paper
Language: English
 
Study : The Effects of Conditional Cash Transfer Programs on Indigenous Groups
Language: Spanish

Countries at a glance
Download the documents here:

Colombia
Costa Rica
Peru
Panama

Language: Spanish


MAPS
 

Indigenous peoples and Climate Change
Indigenous Peoples and Climate Change
Language: English

Flagship projects whit indigenous peoples

Urban indigenous peoples

In a partnership with the Chilean National Corporation for Indigenous Development (CONADI), the IDB has launched a pilot program to help indigenous peoples that live in Chile’s urban areas. This program involves the creation of public areas for indigenous cultural production, the promotion of inter-cultural communication, and support for indigenous entrepreneurship and innovation.

Chile’s Orígenes

In 2001, Chile’s Orígenes program was created to support the rural Aymara, Atacameña and Mapuche indigenous communities through innovative development projects, including artistic and cultural programs. Chile secured an IDB loan for US$80 million to support this large-scale development program (US$168 million). Over the past 12 years, Orígenes has improved the living conditions and futures of more than 1,800 indigenous communities, through productive projects and cultural sensitivity training for public officials.