Forestry

Forestry

Helping protect and restore forests in Latin America and the Caribbean

Forests, when sustainably managed and protected, can play a key role in climate change mitigation, adaptation, maintenance of biodiversity, and economic development. By helping countries to properly manage forests, the IDB is helping the region to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation; adapt to climate change; and protect biodiversity while promoting rural development along pathways that protect and sustainable manage forests.

An important challenge for Latin America and the Caribbean is to increase agriculture production to meet the growing demand for food, fiber, and energy without proportionally increasing greenhouse gas emissions or damaging other life supporting ecosystems services provided by forests. The Bank supports measures to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation by reducing open access to natural forests; fostering sustainable rural development; promoting economic activities to foster forest protection and conservation and research, impact evaluations and capacity building to improve understanding of policies that seek to reduce emissions from deforestation.

Reducing Open Access to Forests in Latin America and the Caribbean
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Most of the remaining large wilderness areas in Latin America and the Caribbean have unclear or weak property rights. Insecure rights for land ownership are among the most critical factors associated with deforestation and forest degradation.

The IDB supports programs and policies to clarify tenure status of forested lands, including the creation, demarcation and establishment of protected areas, forest concessions for sustainable forest management, and indigenous and traditional communities to avert open access to unprotected forests.

These programs are generally coupled with additional investments to improve land administration, forest resources management, and technologies to improve land-use change monitoring.

Sustainable Rural Development
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Promoting Sustainable Rural Development in Latin America and the Caribbean

Conversion of native forest land to crops or grazing uses typically follows classic “slash-and-burn” methods, with trees burned to make way for agriculture. While some resulting agriculture may be intensive, most is low-yielding and extensive. Lack of access to modern agricultural practices and inputs for better pasture management, soil conservation, and agriculture and animal health can slowly deplete soil resources reducing land productivity over time and requiring new land to be cleared for production.

The IDB promotes agricultural policies and programs that intensify agricultural production as means to reduce the expansion of the agricultural frontier into forest areas. Instruments such as support payments for technologies adoption and value chain formation, especially for smallholders, are being promoted in the region to recover degraded land and intensify agricultural production.

Forest Protection and Conservation
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Economic Incentives for Forest Protection and Conservation in Latin America and the Caribbean

Agriculture landscapes provide various environmental services, including carbon and biodiversity. In these places, the main problem is that society wants farmers to undertake natural resource management practices that are both costly and with no immediate benefits to farmers.

The IDB promotes and helps design policies and governance frameworks that establish proper economic incentives for farmers to restore degraded forestlands and protect existing forests in Latin America and the Caribbean.

The Bank supports the development of carbon markets, which will bring major incentives to farmers and governments to develop these economic incentives for forest protection. Working across several sectors, the Bank’s projects on agriculture, land administration (land titling and cadastral systems linking property ownership to deforestation prevention and control) and payment for ecosystem services, and natural disaster management are combined to devise programs to reduce deforestation and forest degradation.

Research and Capacity Building for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation
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The Bank has established strong partnerships with leading research institutions in the topic of climate change, agriculture, and development economics to deepen Latin America and the Caribbean’s knowledge about the effectiveness of policies to reduce deforestation and forest degradation.

These non-financial products open up room for a better understanding of development issues, innovation in the Bank’s business, and identification of new priorities.

Contacts

Specialists in Forest Related Topics
Name Email Field of Specialization

Lima, Eirivelthon Santos                                          

elima@iadb.org                                 Natural Resource Economics and Management

Boulay, Axelle

axelleb@iadb.org Natural Resource Economics

Corral, Leonardo R.

leonardoc@iadb.org Natural Resource Economics

Perazza, Maria Claudia

mariacp@iadb.org Environmental Specialist

Piaggesi, Helena L. de

helenal@iadb.org Environmental Specialist

Quiroga, Ricardo

ricardoq@iadb.org Natural Resource Economics
Specialists in Forest Related Topics in the Country Offices
Country Name Email Field of Specialization

AR

Vargas del Valle, Ricardo

ricardovar@iadb.org

Agriculture Economist

BO

Balcazar, Fernando

fernandoba@iadb.org

Natural Resource Management

BR

Horton, John

johnho@iadb.org

Agriculture Economist

EC

Hintze, Luis Hernando

luishh@iadb.org

Rural Development Specialist

GU

Mattos, Juan de Dios

jmattos@iadb.org

Natural Resource Management

GY

Nuennighoff, Sybille

sybillen@iadb.org

Natural Resource Management

HA

Nuennighoff, Sybille

sybillen@iadb.org

Natural Resource Management

HA

Damais, Gilles

gillesd@iadb.org

Natural Resource Management

HO

Poveda, Juan

juanpo@iadb.org

Natural Resource Management
JA Molina, Edwin Mateo edwinm@iadb.org Natural Resource Management
ME Bustamante, César Tulio cesartb@iadb.org Economist
NI Llaguno R., Duval duvall@iadb.org Natural Resource Management
PE Tolmos, Alfonso atolmos@iadb.org Rural Development Specialist
PN Alva-Hart, Viviana vivianaa@iadb.org Rural Development Specialist
PR Muñoz, Gonzalo gonzalom@iadb.org Rural Development Specialist
SU Norheim, Trond trondn@iadb.org Natural Resource Management
UR Macagno, Luis luisma@iadb.org Agriculture Economist

 

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