Resources

DataSeg is Split into two different databases, the first compiles aggregated data at the country level for all the countries in Latin America and the Caribbean that are members of the Inter-American Development Bank. The second database shows data at the subnational level my country, per the availability of said data.

Sources

For crime data at the national level, the following sources are used:

1) United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) y 2) Regional System of Standardized Indicators for Citizen Security and Violence Prevention (SES).

1) United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). UNODC oversees the compiling crime and judicial data with the goal of being able to carry out transnational comparisons of key indicators.

The data produced by UNODC has different sources. Member countries of the United nations sends their crime data through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).

The available indicators for UNODC are the total quantities for each crime or judicial indicator and its respective rate. Rate are calculated per 100,000 population o for the respective population of each indicator (e.x. Rate per 100,000 adult men). The formula used to calculate the rates is the following:

Recursos de imagen

To include a diverse range of geographic cover on homicide data, UNODC uses different sources that are not based on the questionnaire. The following sources are used for homicide data per country:

Country

Source

Argentina

Asociación para Políticas/Ministerio de Salud

Bahamas

CJ CTS/OAS

Barbados

CJ CTS/OAS

Belize

CJ CTS/OAS

Bolivia

CJ Polícia nacional

Brazil

CJ Anuario Brasileiro de Seguranca Publica

Chile

CJ CTS/NSO

Colombia

CJ Polícia nacional/CTS

Costa Rica

CJ CTS/Ministry of Justice/SES

Dominican Republic

CJ NGO (a)/SES/CTS

Ecuador

CJ CTS/OAS/SES/Polícia nacional

El Salvador

CJ Polícia nacional/CTS

Guatemala

CJ CTS/Polícia nacional/OAS

Guyana

CJ NSO/CTS

Haiti

CJ UN-PKO

Honduras

CJ OCAVI/NSO

Jamaica

CJ CTS/Polícia nacional/OAS

Mexico

PH NSO

Nicaragua

CJ Polícia nacional/OAS

Panama

CJ Polícia nacional

Paraguay

CJ OAS/CTS

Peru

CJ CTS/Polícia nacional/OAS

Surinam

PH WHO

Trinidad and Tobago

CJ OAS/CTS

Uruguay

CJ Ministerio del Interior/SES

Venezuela

CJ NGO (c)/CTS/OAS

Type of Source

CJ: Criminal Justice

PH: Health Services

The populations are for each country are from the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, World Population Prospects: The 2015 Revision

2) Regional System of Standardized Indicators for Citizen Security and Violence Prevention (SES). SES is an association composed of 20 countries with the goal of improving and making comparable their crime and violence data.

For thus sources, 3 variables, quantity of crime, the gross rate and the indirect rate are available. The indirect rate (standardized) is only calculated for some crimes and is not comparable with the other rates given how its calculated. The standardized rates are calculated for the following crimes:

Crimes with indirect rates

Homicides

Deaths by firearm

Deaths in traffick accidents

Kidnapping

Suicide

These are the definition used by SES for the main two variables. This was found in the following document “Reporte Regional de Indicadores Estandarizados de los países miembros del SES. 2008-2013”

· Gross rate

The quotient of cases of an occurrence and the population exposed to said occurrence. As a result, a rate is obtained that represent the mathematical probability of occurrence within a population at a determined point in time. When the denominator is the general population, the population up to June 30th for that specific yea. For example the gross rate of homicides is the ratio of the total number of homicides in the specified year and the total population for the same time period multiplied by 100,000 for each country.

· Indirect rate by age and gender

The standardization term refers to the procedure that facilitates comparing summary measurements between countries. The standardization uses methods of adjustment based on weighted averages where the weights are selected to present an “appropriate base” for comparison, which generally corresponds to the sum of populations or some other external population that is relevant. In this case, following the guidelines from Schoenbach (1999), an external population was used. The indirect standardization is presented when the specific number for a specific age grape are small, when information on age groups is not available or when the population structure is very different, for which a “standardized mortality reason” is calculated

 

The following table provides the main sources of information for SES:

Country

Population source

Sources de cases

Country

Population source

Sources de cases

Argentina

INDEC

--

Guyana

BOS

--

Belice

SIB

MNS

Honduras

INE

Ministerio Público

Bolivia

INE

Policía Boliviana

Jamaica

STATIN

JCF

Brasil

--

--

México

CONAPO

SE del SNSP

Chile

INE

Ministerio Interior y SP

Nicaragua

INIDE

Policía Nacional

Colombia

DANE

Fiscalía General Nación

Panamá

INEC

Policía Nacional

Costa Rica

INEC

Organismo Inv. Judicial

Paraguay

DGEEC

Ministerio Público

Ecuador

INEC

CESJ

Perú

INEI

Ministerio Público

El Salvador

DIGESTYC

Policía Nacional Civil

Rep. Dominicana

ONE

Procuraduría General

Guatemala

INE

Ministerio Público

Uruguay

INE

Ministerio del Interior

Disclaimer: There could exist variation between rates published by SES and UNODC given that different sources where used for populations and crimes.

For disaggregated data, official data sources were used for each country. In the case that rates were not provided, these were calculated using population projections from the respective national statistical institutes.

To calculate the rates corresponding to each administrative region, the following formula was used:

     

Recursos de imagen 2

     

Dataseg II

For disaggregated data, data is available for the following countries:

Source Dataseg II

Source of crime data

Hyperlink

Argentina

Informe del Sistema Nacional de Información Criminal (SNIC)

https://estadisticascriminales.minseg.gob.ar/

Bahamas

Royal Bahamas Police Force (RBPF)

Data provided by RBPF

Barbados

Royal Bahamas Police Force (RBPF)

Data provided by RBPF

Brazil

Anuário Brasileiro de Segurança Pública

http://www.forumseguranca.org.br/publica/

Chile

Ministerio del Interior y Seguridad Pública. Subsecretaría de Prevención del Delito. Observatorio de Seguridad

http://www.seguridadpublica.gov.cl/estadisticas/tasa-de-denuncias-y-detenciones/delitos-de-mayor-connotacion-social-casos-policiales/

Colombia

Dirección de Investigación Criminal e Interpol - Policía Nacional (DIJIN).

https://www.datos.gov.co/

Ecuador

Ministerio del Interior

http://catalogo.datosabiertos.gob.ec/dataset/homicidios-y-asesinatos

El Salvador

Policía Nacional Civil

http://publica.gobiernoabierto.gob.sv/institutions/policia-nacional-civil/information_standards/estadisticas

Guatemala

Plaza Pública en base a la Policía Nacional Civil (PNC) y el Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas (INE)

https://plazapublica.com.gt/content/mapas-y-datos

Jamaica

The Jamaica Constabulary Force (JCF)

Data provided by JCF

Mexico

Secretaría de Gobernación. Secretariado Ejecutivo del Sistema Nacional de Seguridad Pública

http://secretariadoejecutivo.gob.mx/incidencia-delictiva/incidencia-delictiva-datos-abiertos.php

Panama

Sistema Nacional Integrado de Estadística Criminal (SIEC)

http://www.siec.gob.pa/

Peru

Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática (INEI)

https://www.inei.gob.pe/

Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad and Tobago Police Service (TTPS)

Data provided by TTPS

Uruguay

Ministerio del Interior. Observatorio Nacional Sobre Violencia y Criminalidad

https://www.minterior.gub.uy/observatorio/index.php/estadisticas