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Research

We are working on developing initiatives to strengthen technical capacity in Latin America and the Caribbean through strategic alliances with the public sector, academia and the private sector to train experts in the field which in the medium term will be responsible for the change we seek in the region.

To strengthen technical assistance, in 2010 the IDB commissioned the Spanish Highway Association (AEC) to develop an interactive guide to support those responsible for implementing road safety programs in the development and planning strategies and specific projects. The "IDB Guide for the Support of Road Safety Projects" is the first online technical support product that incorporates a holistic approach, and is a reference which facilitates the identification of deficiencies and implementation of solutions in relevant areas of traffic safety. This is a useful technical tool for strategy development and implementation of measures to disseminate minimum standards required for roads, to assess the safety levels and introduce measures to improve them, and to analyze a transport project in detail. The Guide is available on the Bank's site: www.iadb.org/guiaBIDSV (The guide is only in Spanish.)

In 2010 in collaboration with the Universidad de los Andes (Colombia),  the IDB performed a study on the cost-benefit of investments in urban road safety by measuring the impact generated by "bus rapid transit"(BRT) systems in Bogota. The results revealed a 35% reduction in road accidents along one of the main lines of the BRT, showing the benefits of investing in such measures.

With one of its main partners in Brazil, the Fundação Dom Cabral (FDC), in 2011 the Bank joined forces to collect and disseminate information related to the problem of road safety in the country. Through research conducted nationwide, the Foundation emphasizes the lack of monitoring of traffic incidents and highlights the human factor as a cause of significant risk. The first of the three joint studies, entitled "Towards a Latin America free of deaths from the lack of road safety: the Brazilian case", identifies the lack of driver education and the population's lack of awareness as the two major causes of highway accidents.

To provide assessment tools that highlight the evidence necessary to position the problem of road accidents as a priority on the political agenda of governments, the Bank is developing a study to determine the marginal cost of road accidents and their impact on the countries' economies in the region. The study -conducted by Harvard University and based on research conducted for the report Global Burden of Injuries- will design tools that would generate evidence to show how the lack of road safety contributes to economic barriers that affect the development of countries. The results are expected in late 2012.

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