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Publications

Working Papers

Complements or Substitutes? Preferential and Multilateral Trade Liberalization at the Sectoral Level

 

This paper explores the relationship between preferential and multilateral trade liberalization at the sectoral level using a unique dataset that includes data on most favored nation (MFN) and bilateral preferential tariffs at the 4-digit ISIC level for 11 Latin American countries over the period 1985–2005.


Economic Integration and Location of Production Activities: The Case of MERCOSUR

 

This study aims at explaining locational patterns in member countries of MERCOSUR and analyzing their evolution over time with an special emphasis on the implications for the smaller countries.


Entering New Country and Product Markets: Does Export Promotion Help?

 

The authors find that trade supporting activities have helped firms in Uruguay reach new destination countries and introduce new differentiated products.


Export Promotion: Heterogeneous Programs and Heterogeneous Effects

 

The authors find that the use of programs combining different services is associated with better export performance, primarily along the country-extensive margin, than their basic individual components.


Export Promotion Activities in Developing Countries: What kind of Trade Do They Promote?

 

This paper finds that trade promotion actions favor an increase of exports along the extensive margin, in particular, in terms of destination countries, in the case of firms that are already selling differentiated goods. However, these actions do not seem to encourage exporter to start exporting these goods. Further, no significant impacts are observed for firms exporting reference-priced and homogeneous goods.


Export Promotion Organizations in Latin America and the Caribbean: An Institutional Portrait

 

Virtually all Latin American and Caribbean countries have established specialized organizations to promote their exports. Existing analyses of these organizations are at best partial and fragmentary. This paper aims at overcoming these limitations of the literature by presenting a consistent, detailed organizational characterization of the major export promotion entities in their respective countries.


Is Export Promotion Effective in Developing Countries? Firm-Level Evidence on the Intensive and Extensive Margins

 

In this paper the authors find that export promotion actions are associated with increased exports, primarily along the extensive margin, both in terms of markets and products. This result is robust across alternative specifications and estimation methods.


Market Access Provisions in Regional Trade Agreement

 

Regional trade agreements (RTAs) have proliferated over the past decade around the world to cover nearly half of global trade. The number of RTAs notified to the WTO is approaching 200, while the total number of RTAs around the world exceeds 300. The global RTA spree has forged a veritable spaghetti bowl of multiple and often overlapping agreements.


Origin and Beyond: Trade Facilitation Disaster or Trade Facility Opportunity?

 

Origin and Beyond: Trade Facilitation Disaster or Trade Facility Opportunity? Jeremy Harris Brian Rankin Staples Inter-American Development Bank Vice Presidency for Sectors and Knowledge Integration and Trade Sector December - 2009 Origin and Beyond: Trade Facilitation Disaster or Trade Facilitation Opportunity?


The Impact of Export Promotion Institutions on Trade: Is It the Intensive or the Extensive Margin?

 

This paper provides evidence on the channels through which export promotion institutions affect bilateral trade using a sample of Latin American and Caribbean countries over the period 1995-2004. We find that these institutions have a larger impact on the extensive margin of exports, especially in the case of trade promotion organizations.


The Treatment of Agriculture in Regional Trade Agreements in the Americas

 

The countries of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) have formed nearly three dozen regional trade agreements (RTAs) notified to the World Trade Organization (WTO) (figure 1), and more continue to be negotiated. Of the 194 RTAs in force worldwide, 21 percent involve countries of the Americas. As a consequence, the Western Hemisphere has witnessed a proliferation of sometimes overlapping trade agreements.


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