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Publications

Books and Monographs

 

Latin American Trade Trends 2014 - Update 1Q 2015

 

This report presents estimates of Latin American international trade flows in 2014 and an update through the first quarter of 2015. Prepared by the Integration and Trade Sector (INT) of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) in collaboration with the Institute for the Integration of Latin America and the Caribbean (INTAL).


Synchronized Factories: Latin American and the Caribbean in the Era of Global Value Chains
 

 

This study reveals that very few countries in the region are taking advantage of the benefits that the international organization of production offers, such as transfers of know-how and technology that global manufacturers frequently share with suppliers in developing countries. 


The book examines case studies of companies in the aeronautics, automotive, software and agri-food industries of Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica and Mexico that managed to join global supply chains and makes policy recommendations on how governments and businesses can foster other such linkages.


Trade and Integration Monitor 2014: Facing Headwinds: Policies to Support a Trade Recovery in the Post-Crisis Era

 

This report provides a detailed analysis of the principal characteristics of LAC's exports during the post-crisis period. The weak performance of the export sector stems from a combination of multiple variables operating in the global economy and whose future remains uncertain. In any case, the trends identified in this analysis represent a warning for the region and emphasize the need to support the recovery of the export sector. This is particularly true in the area of trade policies, where measures to remedy the situation do not rise to the magnitude of the challenges.


Too Far to Export

 

Driven by declining import tariffs, poor infrastructure and increasing specialization in transport-intensive goods, transport costs are arguably today's most formidable obstacles to trade in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). However, little knowledge is available on their trade impacts in the region, both behind and beyond the border.

This study, which is part of a broader IDB research effort to fill this gap, assesses the role of domestic transport costs ("factory-to-port") in shaping the level and diversification of countries' overall and subnational exports.


Trade and Integration Monitor 2013

 

During the last decade the patterns of global growth have shifted, with the developing South expanding at a faster pace than the developed North. For countries in Latin American and the Caribbean (LAC), this has translated into relatively lower demand in traditional export destinations, and provided an unprecedented opportunity to break into new markets and expand trade with emerging economies.


Trade and Integration Monitor 2012

 

The Trade and Integration Monitor will be an annual series of the IDB, with updated data for the 26 countries of the region. In this first issue, the study reviews the region’s trade performance since the financial crisis, and notes the virtual end of the expansionary trade cycle that began in 2009.


Pathways To China: The Story of Latin American Firms in the Chinese Market

 

The book looks at the challenges of investing in China and shows how companies from the region are boosting exports and linking up with global supply chains there. The report also provides seven case studies of Latin American firms that have made major investments in China, illustrating their different strategies for tapping the complex Chinese market.


Shaping the Future of the Asia-Latin America and the Caribbean Relationship

 

With trade between Asia and Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) expanding at an annual rate of 20.5 percent for the past 12 years, two-way commerce reached an estimated $442 billion in 2011, according to the study. Asia today accounts for 21 percent of LAC’s international trade, rapidly narrowing the gap with the U.S., which has a 34 percent share. Learn more about thisreport, which was jointly written by researchers from the IDB and the Asian Development Bank’s ADB Institute.


 

Korea: Breaking the Mold of the Asia-Latin America Relationship

 

In less than 30 years, Korea transformed its battered economy into a highly sophisticated, developed one backed by a highly educated workforce and a world-class private sector. In addition, LAC-Korea bilateral trade has expanded rapidly. Still, bilateral trade comprises only 2.5% of LAC’s trade, meaning that there is ample room for growth. 


 

Tumbando la Pared: Comercio e Integración entre Brasil y Colombia

 

El Sector de Integración preparó este estudio para el Primer Foro de Inversiones Colombia-Brasil, realizado en 2011. Allí, se revela que a pesar del creciente dinamismo comercial entre ambos países, el comercio entre Brasil y Colombia sólo ha llegado a representar 0,7 por ciento del comercio exterior total. La carencia de infraestructura física es uno de los factores que impide un mayor intercambio bilateral.


India: Latin America’s Next Big Thing?

 

The study argues that India has the potential to mirror the recent economic performance of China, which has become a major market for Latin American and Caribbean exports but also poses a challenge for the region’s manufacturing and service sector.


Ten Years After the Take-off: Taking Stock of China-Latin America and the Caribbean Economic Relations

 

China is today among LAC’s top trading partners. LAC’s share of China’s trade is still modest, but has been growing fast, and the region figures among China’s main suppliers of key raw materials such as copper, iron ore, and soybeans.


Odyssey in International Markets

 

This study first makes a comprhensive analysis of export promotion organizations in some countries and regions, it provides robust evaluations, using state-of-the-art econometrics and original datasets purposely compiled, of the impacts that policies have had on export outcomes of countries and firms.


Connecting People to Markets

 

The success of global enterprises compels their competitors to go global in order to remain competitive. Only the increasingly small number of industries, the output of which is physically untradeable, are exempt from these forces, permitting them to limit their horizons to being competitive at a local or a national level alone. By contrast, tradable service firms are either globally competitive, or not competitive at all.


Unclogging the Arteries: The Impact of Transport Costs on Latin America and Caribbean Trade

 

The book explores the impact of high transport cost in Latin America, and argues that tranport costs have assumed an unprecedented strategic importance to the region. It concludes that a broader and more balanced trade agenda would bring the long neglected issue of transport costs to the center of the policy debate.


Trade and Poverty in Latin America

 

Understanding the complex relations between trade integration and poverty reduction is now a priority for Latin American policymakers. One of the main lessons extracted from the book is that preexisting policies and socioeconomic conditions play a key role in determining how trade integration affects poverty.


Deepening Integration in MERCOSUR

 

Deepening Integration in MERCOSUR analyzes the most important issues of economic integration and policy coordination that countries face as they advance towards deeper integration and are urged to address development disparities among partner countries.


The Emergence of China: Opportunities and Challenges for Latin America and the Caribbean

 

China's size, rapid growth, external openness, and trade performance have led to varying perceptions among the countries of Latin America: Is China a potential new market, a potent new competitor, or both? This book assesses the near-term strategic implications of China's economic performance for growth and development in Latin America.


Bridging Regional Trade Agreements in the Americas

 

This book assesses the impact and design of optimal strategies to implement existing agreements. It deals with issues such as removing the remaining barriers to trade, improving the institutional, regional, and global trade architecture, and promoting convergence and accumulation among the existing agreements.


Gatekeepers of Global Commerce

 

In this volume, Estevadeordal and Suominen reveal the protectionist impulses behind rules of origin, examine their impacts on international trade and investment, and put forth a succinct policy roadmap for countries around the world to follow in attenuating their negative implications.


 

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