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IDB's publications on Labor Market and Social Security


Recommended publications

Apprenticeships

Apprenticeships for the XXI Century: A Model for Latin America and the Caribbean?

Fazio, Maria Victoria; Fernández-Coto, Raquel; Ripani, Laura
Can apprenticeships improve job opportunities in Latin America and the Caribbean? A systematic review of the core features of these programs.

More Info | Descargar PDF (ES) | Download PDF (EN) | Folleto Resumen (ES) | Brochure (EN)

Development and productivity


Jobs for Growth

Alaimo, Verónica; Bosch, Mariano; Kaplan, David S.; Pagés, Carmen; Ripani, Laura
Our newest flagship publication, offering a diagnosis of labor markets Latin America and the Caribbean and a menu of policy options to transform the economy of the region.

More Info | Descargar PDF (ES) | Resumen ejecutivo (ES) | Executive Summary (EN) | Folleto-Resumen

Public Employment Services


The World of Public Employment Services

OCDE, BID, WAPES
This book provides systematic and comparative information to help understand the development of PES around the world as well as the challenges and opportunities they face today, and is the most comprehensive analysis undertaken to date, covering 73 organizations on all continents

More Info | Descargar PDF (ES) | Download PDF (EN) | Folleto Resumen (ES) | Brochure (EN)

Lifelong learning


Progress and challenges in training for work in Colombia

González-Velosa, Carolina; Rosas Shady, David
This document examines the training system for work in Colombia, which includes the training offered in the formal education system, through programs of technical education and programs leading to Technical and Technological (T&T) higher education.

More Info | Descargar PDF (ES)

Towards a system of continuous training of the workforce in Peru

Chacaltana, Juan; Díaz, Juan José; Rosas Shady, David
This paper argues that Peru needs to reform its current system of vocational training in order to maintain the growth of its economy and at the same time, continue to improve the living conditions of its population. It presents an analysis, based on international experience, on the information available in the country, and recent studies on the main constraints that the country faces in this area.

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Toward a National Framework of Lifelong Learning in Mexico

Ricart, Consuelo; Morán, Tzitzi; Kappaz, Christina
This paper provides insight into the opportunities and challenges ahead for Mexico to consolidate a lifelong learning policy framework, building on the progress and avant garde approach adopted by the country with regard to forging a competency-based education model - a model that already encompasses job skills, academic competencies, and employability skills.

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Technical and Vocational Education in Chile

Arias Ortiz, Elena; Farías, Mauricio; González-Velosa, Carolina; Huneeus, Cristóbal; Rucci, Graciana
Education, understood as the continuous acquisition of skills and abilities, determines the productivity of workers, their income levels, and ultimately, the aggregate level of welfare of society. The Chilean higher education system has made a significant expansion in the middle and higher levels during the last decades.

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On the job training


Five facts about on the job training in Latin America and the Caribbean

Flores Lima, Jose Gregorio Roberto; González-Velosa, Carolina; Rosas Shady, David
This study identifies five key facts about on the job training in the region, and how these influence training investments in improving the productivity of companies

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On the job training in Uruguay: The starting point

De Mendoza, Cecilia; di Capua, Laura; Rucci, Graciana
Survey of Human Resource Productivity and discover key information about companies Uruguay hire, train and manage your human capital.

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In Pursuit of Employable Skills. Understanding Employers' Demands: Analysis of the Bahamas' 2012 Wages and Productivity Survey

Maria Victoria Fazio; Etoile Pinder
This work is part of a regional project to improve understanding of labour market policies on training provision to enhance employability and productivity in the Bahamas.

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On the Job training and staff Recruitment of Panama's firms

Baptista, Dulce; Flores Lima, Jose Gregorio Roberto
This study presents the results of a survey of formal production companies in Panama, which are among the least trained in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). Only 9% of firms train their staff, the lowest percentage among the countries of the region.

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Training and recruitment practices of Honduras' firms

Baptista, Dulce; Flores Lima, Jose Gregorio Roberto
Growth in Honduras in the last decade has not been supported by rising productivity, which has declined compared with other countries in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) and even more with Southeast Asian countries. Low productivity is dramatically reflected in the labor market. The rates of informality and underemployment Honduras are the highest in LAC, and more than half of the population lives in poverty.

More Info | Descargar PDF (ES)

Social Security


Better Pensions, Better Jobs: Towards universal coverage in Latin America and the Caribbean

Bosch, Mariano; Melguizo, Ángel; Pages, Carmen
This book provides an analysis of pension systems from the perspective of the functioning of labor markets in the region and the complex network of interactions between firms and workers is observed in the labor market.

More Info | Descargar PDF (ES) | Download PDF (EN) | Baixar (PT) | Resumen Ejecuivo (ES) | Página web

Pensions at a Glance: Latin America and the Caribbean

OCDE, Banco Mundial, BID
Only 45 out of every 100 workers contribute to a retirement plan, and this ratio has hardly changed in recent decades. This study provides detailed comparative indicators of pension models in 26 countries.

More Info | Descargar PDF (ES) | Download PDF (EN)

Other publications

  • Skill Premium, Labor Supply and Changes in the Structure of Wages in Latin America

    Fernández, Manuel;Messina, Julián

    Date: Mar, 2017

    Earnings inequality declined rapidly in Argentina, Brazil and Chile during the 2000s. A reduction in the experience premium is a fundamental driver of declines in upper-tail (90/50) inequality, while a decline in the education premium is the primary determinant of the evolution of lower-tail (50/10) inequality. Relative labor supply is important for explaining changes in the skill premiums. Relative demand trends favored high-skilled workers during the 1990s, shifting in favor of low-skilled workers during the 2000s. Changes in the minimum wage, and more importantly, commodity-led terms of trade improvements are key factors behind these relative skill demand trends.


  • Ageing Poorly?: Accounting for the Decline in Earnings Inequality in Brazil, 1995-2012

    Ferreira, Francisco H. G.;Firpo, Sergio P.;Messina, Julián

    Date: Mar, 2017

    The Gini coefficient of labor earnings in Brazil fell by nearly a fifth between 1995 and 2012, from 0.50 to 0.41. The decline in earnings inequality was even larger by other measures, with the 90-10 percentile ratio falling by almost 40 percent. Although the conventional explanation of a falling education premium did play a role, an RIF regression-based decomposition analysis suggests that the decline in returns to potential experience was the main factor behind lower wage disparities during the period. Substantial reductions in the gender, race, informality and urbanrural wage gaps, conditional on human capital and institutional variables, also contributed to the decline. Although rising minimum wages were equalizing during 2003-2012, they had the opposite effects during 1995-2003, because of declining compliance. Over the entire period, the direct effect of minimum wages on inequality was muted.


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Video

A Door to Employment Honduras Promotes Youth Employment Youth and Employment The Age of Productivity The Age of Productivity
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    A Door to Employment

    One out of four clients of the National Employment Agency of the Dominican Republic (SENAE) land a formal job with the help of labor intermediation and training services.
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    Honduras Promotes Youth Employment

    Thanks to an innovative program called PROEMPLEO, a collaborative effort between the private and public sector in Honduras, it has provided more than 9,600 jobs for young people where they were once interns.
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    Youth and Employment

    More than 57,000 low-income Dominican young people have received labor training to access a better job. The evaluations have improved the effectiveness of the Youth and Employment Program in the Dominican Republic.
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    The Age of Productivity

    A new IDB study highlights the need to enhance the efficiency of the service sector and the production chain of small enterprises in order to foster growth in Latin America and the Caribbean.
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    The Age of Productivity

    Complete proceedings of the Cancun press conference which launched the 2010 Development in the Americas (DIA) publication.
  • The Age of Productivity (44:24) Video Icon

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