IDB's publications on Labor Market and Social Security
Apprenticeships for the XXI Century: A Model for Latin America and the Caribbean?
Fazio, Maria Victoria; Fernández-Coto, Raquel; Ripani, Laura
Can apprenticeships improve job opportunities in Latin America and the Caribbean? A systematic review of the core features of these programs.
Development and productivity
Jobs for Growth
Alaimo, Verónica; Bosch, Mariano; Kaplan, David S.; Pagés, Carmen; Ripani, Laura
Our newest flagship publication, offering a diagnosis of labor markets Latin America and the Caribbean and a menu of policy options to transform the economy of the region.
Public Employment Services
The World of Public Employment Services
OCDE, BID, WAPES
This book provides systematic and comparative information to help understand the development of PES around the world as well as the challenges and opportunities they face today, and is the most comprehensive analysis undertaken to date, covering 73 organizations on all continents
Progress and challenges in training for work in Colombia
González-Velosa, Carolina; Rosas Shady, David
This document examines the training system for work in Colombia, which includes the training offered in the formal education system, through programs of technical education and programs leading to Technical and Technological (T&T) higher education.
Towards a system of continuous training of the workforce in Peru
Chacaltana, Juan; Díaz, Juan José; Rosas Shady, David
This paper argues that Peru needs to reform its current system of vocational training in order to maintain the growth of its economy and at the same time, continue to improve the living conditions of its population. It presents an analysis, based on international experience, on the information available in the country, and recent studies on the main constraints that the country faces in this area.
Toward a National Framework of Lifelong Learning in Mexico
Ricart, Consuelo; Morán, Tzitzi; Kappaz, Christina
This paper provides insight into the opportunities and challenges ahead for Mexico to consolidate a lifelong learning policy framework, building on the progress and avant garde approach adopted by the country with regard to forging a competency-based education model - a model that already encompasses job skills, academic competencies, and employability skills.
Technical and Vocational Education in Chile
Arias Ortiz, Elena; Farías, Mauricio; González-Velosa, Carolina; Huneeus, Cristóbal; Rucci, Graciana
Education, understood as the continuous acquisition of skills and abilities, determines the productivity of workers, their income levels, and ultimately, the aggregate level of welfare of society. The Chilean higher education system has made a significant expansion in the middle and higher levels during the last decades.
On the job training
Five facts about on the job training in Latin America and the Caribbean
Flores Lima, Jose Gregorio Roberto; González-Velosa, Carolina; Rosas Shady, David
This study identifies five key facts about on the job training in the region, and how these influence training investments in improving the productivity of companies
In Pursuit of Employable Skills. Understanding Employers' Demands: Analysis of the Bahamas' 2012 Wages and Productivity Survey
Maria Victoria Fazio; Etoile Pinder
This work is part of a regional project to improve understanding of labour market policies on training provision to enhance employability and productivity in the Bahamas.
On the Job training and staff Recruitment of Panama's firms
Baptista, Dulce; Flores Lima, Jose Gregorio Roberto
This study presents the results of a survey of formal production companies in Panama, which are among the least trained in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). Only 9% of firms train their staff, the lowest percentage among the countries of the region.
Training and recruitment practices of Honduras' firms
Baptista, Dulce; Flores Lima, Jose Gregorio Roberto
Growth in Honduras in the last decade has not been supported by rising productivity, which has declined compared with other countries in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) and even more with Southeast Asian countries. Low productivity is dramatically reflected in the labor market. The rates of informality and underemployment Honduras are the highest in LAC, and more than half of the population lives in poverty.
Better Pensions, Better Jobs: Towards universal coverage in Latin America and the Caribbean
Bosch, Mariano; Melguizo, Ángel; Pages, Carmen
This book provides an analysis of pension systems from the perspective of the functioning of labor markets in the region and the complex network of interactions between firms and workers is observed in the labor market.
Pensions at a Glance: Latin America and the Caribbean
OCDE, Banco Mundial, BID
Only 45 out of every 100 workers contribute to a retirement plan, and this ratio has hardly changed in recent decades. This study provides detailed comparative indicators of pension models in 26 countries.
Date: Mar, 2017
Earnings inequality declined rapidly in Argentina, Brazil and Chile during the 2000s. A reduction in the experience premium is a fundamental driver of declines in upper-tail (90/50) inequality, while a decline in the education premium is the primary determinant of the evolution of lower-tail (50/10) inequality. Relative labor supply is important for explaining changes in the skill premiums. Relative demand trends favored high-skilled workers during the 1990s, shifting in favor of low-skilled workers during the 2000s. Changes in the minimum wage, and more importantly, commodity-led terms of trade improvements are key factors behind these relative skill demand trends.
Date: Mar, 2017
The Gini coefficient of labor earnings in Brazil fell by nearly a fifth between 1995 and 2012, from 0.50 to 0.41. The decline in earnings inequality was even larger by other measures, with the 90-10 percentile ratio falling by almost 40 percent. Although the conventional explanation of a falling education premium did play a role, an RIF regression-based decomposition analysis suggests that the decline in returns to potential experience was the main factor behind lower wage disparities during the period. Substantial reductions in the gender, race, informality and urbanrural wage gaps, conditional on human capital and institutional variables, also contributed to the decline. Although rising minimum wages were equalizing during 2003-2012, they had the opposite effects during 1995-2003, because of declining compliance. Over the entire period, the direct effect of minimum wages on inequality was muted.
- A Door to Employment (04:45)
- Honduras Promotes Youth Employment (4:08)
- Youth and Employment (05:03)
- The Age of Productivity (3:40)
- The Age of Productivity (44:24)