Fighting deforestation in Brazil’s Amazon state of Acre
In 2002, the IDB approved an integrated, large-scale operation to reduce deforestation and forest degradation in Brazil. With a total cost of US$108 million and IDB financing of US$64 million, the Acre Sustainable Development Program ( BR-0313 ) aimed to improve the quality of life of the population of the State of Acre while contributing towards the protection and sustainable management of its natural forests.
To achieve this dual goal, the Program was designed with two complementary lines of action. First, it limited agriculture expansion by reducing access to unclaimed public lands through land property rights clarification and improved environmental surveillance and control capacity of the State Government. Second, the Program fostered economic growth of the State by promoting investment in sustainable forestry so as to sustainably utilize forest resources as well as consolidating the occupation of already-deforested rural areas by developing economic alternatives to extensive livestock ranching and low-yield farming through modernization of agricultural services and improved public infrastructure. As a result, the Program contributed to reduce the deforestation rate in Acre from 111,000 has/year in 2005 to 22,000 ha/year in 2008, while increasing the contribution of agricultural and forestry to the State Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the State at annual rate of 8.6%, in real terms, between 2002 and 2007.