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In order to have comparable structure and format for public debt figures, LAC Debt Group implements a standard template for collection of public debt data. This is an important breakthrough, in the sense that it is the first time that countries agree on reporting the same support for external and domestic debt.

  • The information presented is provided by the public debt offices of the region in response to a questionnaire specifically created to allow comparability of data. The questionnaire, which is non-compulsory, is intended to compile up-to-date standardized statistics to conduct cross-country comparisons over clear, objective and homogeneous definitions of public debt. Data is available from 2006.
  • The basic object of interest is the documented debt issued by the central government and the central bank that has to be paid at some point in the future.
  • Gross Public Debt refers to gross debt of the central government. This concept excludes subnational debt and debt from state-owned enterprises and public banks, but includes non-monetary Central Bank liabilities. No netting should be done when reporting Gross Public Debt. In particular, you should not subtract central government debt held by the Central Bank
  • Once the total debt figure (i.e. Gross Public Debt) is computed we compute three estimates of net debt attempting to obtain figures that are more meaningful for international and time series comparisons.
  • Net Debt 1 refers to Gross Public Debt minus central government debt held by the Central Bank. Net Debt 2 equals Net Debt 1 minus International Reserves held by the Central Bank. Finally, Net Debt 3 is obtained subtracting assets held by private pension funds from Net Debt 2 (in case they exist in your country).
  • The database presents several disaggregations of the Gross Public Debt data. The gross public debt data is classified by: maturity, legislation, type of creditor, currency, rate and holder.
  • Values are expressed in millions of current US dollars, using end of period exchange rates.

Click here to have access to a description of the methodology

Click here to have access to the questionnaire

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