FIVE THINGS YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT HEALTH

  • 1
    In Latin America and the Caribbean chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) have become the leading cause of death and premature disability. In the region, NCDs account for nearly 68% of mortality and are related to 63% of the disease burden.
  • 2
    The economic evidence confirms that health status is associated with economic growth and productivity because of the relationship between health and lower rates of fertility, reduced risk of impoverishment from health shocks and higher rates of household savings.
  • 3
    Early childhood or the period from conception to two years of life, is the most important in the formation of the capabilities of individuals, and malnutrition at this stage affects development. In 2011, malnutrition was responsible for 45% of all deaths in children under 5 years.
  • 4
    The poorest households face double disadvantage: they are more exposed to risk factors for adverse conditions of housing, water and sanitation and inadequate nutrition, and on the other hand have less access to health services for health and in turn have lower access to services.
  • 5
    It is estimated that in the last three decades expenditure on health per capita quadrupled in real terms, and total expenditure on health as percentage of the GDP increased from 6% to 12% advanced economies and from 3% to 5% the emerging ones globally.

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