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The Latin American and Caribbean Research Network

Working Papers

The Research Department produces working papers financed and researched under the auspices of the Latin American Research Network. Typically, a working paper is the culmination of an institute's participation in a Network study. All working papers in this series are peer reviewed by the other participants in the study and approved by a Research Department economist.

The Role of Flagship Firms, External Actors and Support Institutions in the Emergence of Successful Export Activities in Brazil: Two Industrial Cluster Studies
Da Rocha, Angela; Kury, Beatriz; Monteiro, Joana
R-557 - English - Sep, 2009

This paper examines the process by which firms in a cluster start to export based on systemic interactions and the process of diffusion of exporting as a business strategy within the cluster. Two Brazilian manufacturing industries are studied, and within each one a geographic cluster was identified as the origin of dynamic export growth. Players in each industrial cluster, as well as other significant players, were interviewed or identified using secondary sources, and extensive secondary data research was undertaken to study clusters’ historical development. Detailed analysis and a comparison of the two experiences made it possible to draw some general conclusions concerning the similarities and differences between the two clusters in terms of the adoption and diffusion of exporting.

Related JEL Codes:
L11 - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
L67 - Other Consumer Nondurables: Clothing, Textiles, Shoes, and Leather
L68 - Appliances; Other Consumer Durables
O33 - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes


 

The Emergence of New Successful Export Activities in Latin America: The Case of Chile
Bravo-Ortega, Claudio; Agosin, Manuel R.
R-552 - English - Feb, 2009

This paper surveys overall export growth in Chile and focuses on three case studies of the emergence of successful export activities in Chile: wine, pork and blueberries. Each case study discusses how companies, associations, and governments at various levels have addressed market failures and facilitated the provision of public goods necessary for each activity. The case studies additionally profile first movers in each activity and describe the positive externalities they provide to imitators, particularly diffusion of export knowledge. Also included are counterfactual cases of a less successful firm or activity (an unsuccessful wine exporter, other types of berries, and commodity pork production rather than custom cuts, respectively) and a discussion of policy implications.

Related JEL Codes:
H41 - Public Goods
L26 - Entrepreneurship
L65 - Chemicals; Rubber; Drugs; Biotechnology
L84 - Personal, Professional, and Business Services
Q13 - Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness


 

The Emergence of Successful Export Activities in Uruguay: Four Case Studies
Casacuberta, Carlos; Pastori, Hector; Pittaluga, Lucia; Snoeck, Michele; Domingo, Rosario
R-556 - English - Feb, 2009

This paper consists of four case studies of the emergence of four successful export activities in Uruguay: computer software, forest products, caviar and sturgeon meat, and animal vaccines. Each case study discusses how companies, associations, and governments at various levels have addressed market failures and facilitated the provision of public goods necessary for each activity. The case studies additionally profile first movers in each activity and describe the positive externalities they provide to imitators, particularly diffusion of export knowledge. Also included in each case study is a counterfactual case of a less successful activity (electronics, wine, frog meat, and biotechnology, respectively) and a section on policy implications.

Related JEL Codes:
H41 - Public Goods
L26 - Entrepreneurship
L65 - Chemicals; Rubber; Drugs; Biotechnology
L84 - Personal, Professional, and Business Services
Q13 - Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness


 

The Emergence of Successful Export Activities in Mexico: Three Case Studies
Fouquet, Anne; Aragon, Edgar; Campos, Marcia
R-555 - English - Feb, 2009

This paper consists of three case studies of the emergence of three successful export activities in Mexico: avocado production, the manufacture of catheters, and call center outsourcing. Each case study discusses how companies, associations, and governments at various levels have addressed market failures and facilitated the provision of public goods necessary for each activity. The case studies additionally profile first movers in each activity and describe the positive externalities they provide to imitators, particularly diffusion of export knowledge. Also include in each case study is a counterfactual case of a less successful activity (mangos, stem cell banking, and other types of business process outsourcing, respectively) and a section on policy implications.

Related JEL Codes:
H41 - Public Goods
L26 - Entrepreneurship
L65 - Chemicals; Rubber; Drugs; Biotechnology
L84 - Personal, Professional, and Business Services
Q13 - Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness


 

Quality of Life in Urban Neighborhoods in Costa Rica
Robalino, Juan; Hall, Luis J.; Madrigal, Roger
R-563 - English - Oct, 2008

This paper considers valuation of amenities in urban neighborhoods and satisfaction with those neighborhoods and life in general. First, rents are used to estimate the price of neighborhood amenities in San Jose, which explains 39% of the standardized variation of rents. Some districts rank very high in housing characteristics but poorly in neighborhood amenities, while others rank poorly in housing characteristics but high in neighborhood amenities, suggesting that indirect policy measures might reduce inequality in urban areas by improving neighborhood amenities. Second, the paper explores differences in the valuation of amenities by calculating prices in different urban areas. In more sparsely populated urban areas, distance to national parks becomes less important, but distance to primary roads becomes more important. Finally, housing and safety satisfaction represent the key components of life satisfaction.


 

Results: 1 - 5 of 228

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