How%20Much%20Are%20We%20Willing%20To%20Pay%20to%20Send%20Poor%20Adolescents%20to%20School%3F%20Simulating%20Changes%20to%20Mexico%60s%20Oportunidades%20in%20Urban%20Areas

Working Papers

How Much Are We Willing To Pay to Send Poor Adolescents to School? Simulating Changes to Mexico`s Oportunidades in Urban Areas


CODE: WP-680
AUTHOR(s): Azevedo, Viviane , Yañez-Pagans, Patricia
PUBLISHED: June 2009
LANGUAGE: English
RELATED TOPICS: Poverty Reduction and Labor
DOWNLOAD FILE IN: English

Abstract:

Although Mexico’s Conditional Cash Transfer Program Oportunidades has increased overall school enrollment, many adolescents do not attend school, especially in urban areas. This paper simulates the effects of changes in program design using a simple parametric method based on a simultaneous probability model of school attendance and child labor. The paper also provides alternative non parametric simulation results by extending Todd and Wolpin’s (2006) method to incorporate changes in working hours when attending school. The results indicate that eliminating or reducing school subsidies for primary education and increasing transfer for older students is a cost-effective way to raise overall school enrollment in urban areas. Increasing school attendance of 16-year-olds to 80 percent or more, however, would require a quadrupling of scholarships. This suggests that complementary interventions are needed.

Related Research by JEL Codes:
(or click here to find research by JEL Codes)
  • Learning Better: Public Policy for Skills Development
    Books
    IDB-BK-171 - August 2017

    Despite governments’ best efforts, many people in Latin America and the Caribbean don’t have the skills they need to thrive. This book looks at what policies work, and don’t work, so that governments can help people learn better and realize their potential throughout their lifetimes. (View publication)

  • Motivation, Resources and the Organization of the School System
    Working Papers
    IDB-WP-708 - July 2016

    This paper studies a model where student effort and talent interact with parental and teachers’ investments, as well as with school system resources. The model is rich, yet sufficiently stylized to provide novel implications. It can show, for example, that an improvement in parental outside options will reduce parental and school effort, which are partially compensated through school resources ... (View publication)

  • Learning Better: Public Policy for Skills Development (Executive Summary)
    Brochures
    IDB-BR-184 - August 2012

    Despite governments’ best efforts, many people in Latin America and the Caribbean don’t have the skills they need to thrive. This book looks at what policies work, and don’t work, so that governments can help people learn better and realize their potential throughout their lifetimes. (View publication)

Hello, Welcome to the IDB!

Please join our mailing list by simply entering your email below.