Evolution%20of%20Gender%20Gaps%20in%20Latin%20America%20at%20the%20Turn%20of%20the%20Twentieth%20Century%3A%20An%20Addendum%20to%20%22New%20Century%2C%20Old%20Disparities%22

Working Papers

Evolution of Gender Gaps in Latin America at the Turn of the Twentieth Century: An Addendum to "New Century, Old Disparities"


CODE: IDB-WP-176
AUTHOR(s): Hoyos, Alejandro , Ñopo, Hugo
PUBLISHED: May 2010
LANGUAGE: English
RELATED TOPICS: Poverty Reduction and Labor
DOWNLOAD FILE IN: English

Abstract:

This paper complements the findings of Atal, Ñopo and Winder (2009) on gender and ethnic wage gaps for 18 Latin American countries circa 2005 by analyzing gender wage gaps for the same countries between circa 1992 and circa 2007. During this span the overall gender earnings gaps dropped about 7 percentage points, while the unexplained component dropped between 3 and 4 percentage points, depending on the control variables used. The gap declined most notably among workers at the bottom of the earnings distribution, with children at home, the self-employed, part-time workers and those in rural areas—the segments of the labor market that were previously reported as having the highest unexplained gender disparities. Most of the reduction in unexplained gaps occurred within segments rather than due to the composition of labor markets. The paper additionally finds a limited role for job tenure in explaining gender wage gaps.

Related Research by JEL Codes:
(or click here to find research by JEL Codes)
  • Gender Earnings Gaps in the Caribbean: Evidence from Barbados and Jamaica
    Working Papers
    IDB-WP-210 - August 2010

    This paper analyzes gender earnings gaps in Barbados and Jamaica, using a matching comparisons approach. In both countries, as in most of the Caribbean region, females’ educational achievement is higher than that of males. Nonetheless, males` earnings surpass those of their female peers. Depending on the set of control characteristics, males’ earnings surpass those of females by between 14 and 27 ... (View publication)

  • The Persistent Gender Earnings Gap in Colombia, 1994-2006
    Working Papers
    IDB-WP-174 - May 2010

    This paper surveys gender wage gaps in Colombia from 1994 to 2006, using matching comparisons to examine the extent to which individuals with similar human capital characteristics earn different wages. Three sub-periods are considered: 1994-1998; 2000-2001; and 2002- 2006. The gaps dropped from the first to the second period but remained almost unchanged between the second and the third. The gende ... (View publication)

  • Gender Wage Gaps in Central American Countries: Evidence from a Non-Parametric Approach
    Working Papers
    IDB-WP-111 - October 2009

    This paper compares gender wage gaps for Costa Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua and El Salvador from the mid-1990s to the mid-2000s using the non-parametric matching methodology introduced by Ñopo (2008), which allows an analysis not only of average gaps but also their distributions. While a simple comparison of average wages would suggest small or even negative gaps, the wage gap is substantial when w ... (View publication)

Hello, Welcome to the IDB!

Please join our mailing list by simply entering your email below.