The IDB committed more than $11.5 billion in 2012 to development projects, with bolstered support for small and vulnerable economies
The economies of Latin America and the Caribbean have performed strongly in the face of a challenging external environment, Inter-American Development Bank President Luis Alberto Moreno said, but the region needs to continue to pursue key reforms to ensure growth in the future.
In year-end remarks to the IDB´s Board of Executive Directors, Moreno summarized the region’s challenges, the institution’s performance over the past year and its priorities going forward.
He noted that Latin America´s unemployment rate is at a historic low and over the past decade 58 million citizens of the region have risen above the poverty line. One in three Latin Americans is now part of the middle class.
“The main indicators paint a tranquil picture that is welcome and shows we are doing things right,” he said.
The region, boosted by high commodity prices, continued to grow its trade with the world. Trade with Asia has been especially noteworthy, growing at a 20 percent annual rate since 2000 to total an estimated $442 billion in 2012.
However, many challenges remain. Sixty-six million Latin Americans earn too little money to meet their daily needs. And trade among Latin American and Caribbean countries is still too low, at 19 percent of overall trade, presenting a strong growth opportunity looking ahead.
“We must focus our vision of the future on those areas that will enable us to maintain a diversified productive base, build our capacity for innovation, and successfully compete on a rapidly evolving planet,” Moreno said. “Nothing produces greater returns than investments in building social capital.”
He urged countries to lower their country costs by investing in infrastructure. “We must also work to break down financial, bureaucratic, and information-related barriers,” he said. “We should pave the way for private initiative to flourish, so that we can take advantage of better international positioning that is not only desirable, but inevitable.”
Moreno said the IDB continued on its path to build best practices into its operational and administrative management, bolstering transparency, accountability and financial mechanisms. He said it was now standard practice at the IDB to assess whether projects can measure their expected results using rigorous evaluation methods during their preparation phase.
The IDB in 2012
In 2012, the IDB approved new financing mechanisms to help countries cope with natural disasters and safeguard the effects of economic crises.
The IDB approved 170 operations in 2012 for a total of $11.5 billion. This included 44 projects without a sovereign guarantee, alson known as private sector projects, for $1.5 billion. Reflecting strong demand for IDB products and services, average approvals have nearly doubled over the past five years in relation to the previous five years. A full 44 percent of the approvals went to small and vulnerable countries, and nearly half went to infrastructure projects.
The IDB also provided $871 million in grant financing—up 29 percent from 2011—with growing contributions by member countries to create aclimate fund for the private sector and provide additional resources for the Mesoamerican Health Initiative, Clean Technology Fund, Multidonor Fund for Regional Integration Initiatives, and the Transparency Fund.
(Republished on Jan. 3rd to correct terminology on 11th paragraph)