Knowledge Sharing Forum - Opening Ceremony and Sessions
March 26 2015
10:00 - 18:45
Knowledge Sharing Forum on Development Experiences
The Knowledge Sharing Forum is a platform where comparative analyses of experiences in five sectors will be presented in order to promote a meaningful exchange of development experiences, to promote partnerships between Korea and countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, as well as a contribution to the quest for equitable and sustainable development. Think tanks in both Korea and LAC have analyzed and compared selected experiences from both regions to address challenges at hand and answer a set of question in order to provide policy-makers with a broader body of knowledge regarding sound policy options. We trust the day will be full of meaningful and fruitful knowledge sharing. Framework: Development Trends Presenting an overview of the last decades of development trends in LAC and in the Republic of Korea, this session will synthetize characteristics of different emerging trends, the policies behind those trends, the main achievements and challenges as well as adequate responses to such trends. As a framework for topics to be analyzed in the following sessions, the presentations will discuss how the development trends affect those sectors as well as how those sectors affect or could act as drivers of development.
2. Description of Sessions
I. Sustainable Energy
A secure and efficient supply of electricity has been on the list of priorities of LAC for economic growth and de-carbonization. With the rapid progresses of energy technologies, there are several options and opportunities to diversify the energy matrix and to redefine energy model for sustainable growth. Korea has been a leader in innovations in this field. This session will present analyses of concrete experiences in Energy Efficiency and Effective Use of Renewable Energy Sources. Particularly, the studies address challenges and implications of renewable and energy efficiency, regulatory frameworks, achievements and emerging trends, among others, focusing in experiences in Korea, Brazil and Nicaragua.
- IDB Infrastructure Sector
- Multiconsult Nicaragua I
- Multiconsult Nicaragua II
- Centro de Excelência em Eficiência Energética
- Korea Energy Economics Institute
II. Skills for Work
A labor force with continually updated knowledge is essential to ensure equitable growth in a context of rapid technological change. The productive sector demands skills that are aligned with evolving technologies. This poses important challenges to the skills development systems, because they need to adapt themselves to the constantly changing demands of the productive sector. This session aims to better understand the institutional process that guided the LAC, particularly Brazil, and Korean experiences in their current skills development systems, with particular focus on institutional arrangements, financing mechanisms, and monitoring and evaluation systems, among others.
- IDB Social Sector
- Korean Educational Development Institute
- Korea Research Institute for Vocational Education Training
- Fundação Getulio Vargas
III. ICT for Innovation and Productivity
Despite the rapidly growing interest in ICT development, LAC countries are facing challenges to accelerate the diffusion of ICT and use it to enable innovation and to enhance their productivity. Considering Korea’s significant advancement in the use of ICT as an effective long-term development tool, this session will display an analysis of comprehensive policy approach that has stimulated ICT production and use from the country that underwent a similar development phase 20 years ago. Experiences from Korea, Chile, Colombia and Uruguay will be showcased.
- IDB Institutions for Development Sector
- Diálogo Regional sobre Sociedad de la Información
- Korea Association for ICT Promotion
IV. Trade and Investment as Engines for Growth
A decade ago, Korea ratified a free trade agreement with Chile, and has since also concluded FTAs with Peru and Colombia and is negotiating yet another with Mexico. This session will review and evaluate the characteristics and accomplishments of Korea-LAC free trade agreements and trade facilitation in reducing the cost of doing business across borders, and will analyze more broadly trade and investment as economic drivers both in Korea and in LAC, in order to facilitate learning and improve their management as critical success factors for development.
- Centro de Investigación de la Universidad del Pacífico
- Korea Institute International Economic Policy
- Korea Institute International Economic Policy
V. Sustainable Cities
Korea and LAC have experienced similar fast pace urbanization growth in the last decades. Both regions have urbanization rates in excess of 80%. Korea opted for a more centrally planned approach to urban growth, reflected in its policy of "New Towns Development" with a strong emphasis on connectivity within the country and use of ICT technologies. Latin America has experience with different urban models and a more decentralized approach. This session will present parallel studies that examine experiences and lessons in terms of sustainability of cities in Korea and in LAC. The studies include the analysis of results of the two different experiences focusing on environmental sustainability and climate change, sustainable urban development, and fiscal sustainability and governance.